Emergency Preparedness & Response
Review the articles below:
Public Health Matters Blog - Step it up outdoors
Physical activity can improve your health. People who are physically active tend to live longer and have lower risk for heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, depression, and some cancers. Physical activity can also help with weight control, and may improve academic achievement in students. Walking is an easy way to start and maintain a physically active lifestyle, and parks are a great place to start.

Public Health Matters Blog - Avoid Food Poisoning During Summer Picnics
When I think about summer picnics, I think about family. I think about my cousins, aunts, uncles, kids running around, a pavilion, and an enormous buffet table loaded with delicious food. The quantity of side dishes and desserts is exceeded only by the number of dad jokes we’re forced to endure. Since I’ve been working with foodborne disease, I’ve made a point to share tips with family members who are preparing food so we can avoid getting sick from food poisoning.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 404 - Patients Receiving Eculizumab (Soliris®) at High Risk for Invasive Meningococcal Disease Despite Vaccination
Eculizumab (Soliris®) recipients have a 1,000 to 2,000-fold greater risk of invasive meningococcal disease compared to the general U.S. population. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved prescribing information for eculizumab includes a black box warning for increased risk of meningococcal disease, and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends meningococcal vaccination for all patients receiving eculizumab. Recent data show that some patients receiving eculizumab who were vaccinated with the recommended meningococcal vaccines still developed meningococcal disease, most often from nongroupable Neisseria meningitidis, which rarely causes invasive disease in healthy individuals.

Public Health Matters Blog - Prepare to be patriotic!
The 4th of July is a day to celebrate Uncle Sam, enjoy the summer weather, and spend time with family and friends. Keep these five things in mind as you plan your 4th of July celebration.

Public Health Matters Blog - Teaching skills that save lives
We observed CPR and AED Awareness Week (http://cpr.heart.org/AHAECC/CPRAndECC/Programs/CPRAEDAwarenessWeek/UCM_475579_CPR-and-AED-Awareness-Week.jsp) at the beginning of June. I recently had the opportunity to sit down with Stacy Thorne, a health scientist in the Office of Smoking and Health, who is also a certified first aid, CPR and AED instructor.

Public Health Matters Blog - Keep your pets safe in an emergency: 5 things to know
Emergencies come in many forms: fires, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, violent storms and even terrorism. In the event of extreme weather or a disaster, would you know what to do to protect your pet?

Public Health Matters Blog - “Surviving” Dadhood: A Practical Guide
Sunday is Father’s Day—a holiday that is less exciting to my daughter than National Lollipop Day on July 21. Then again, she’s only two. Though I am still learning how to be a father, I’ve made some observations worth sharing. Yes, there are dads out there who have parented for longer, but I also know that every parent has a unique perspective. Mine happens to be influenced by years of work in emergency preparedness. Allow me to expand on some lessons I’ve learned.

Public Health Matters Blog - June is National Safety Month – Stand up to Falls
June brings summer to our doorstep, along with National Safety Month. This year’s theme encourages us to “Keep Each Other Safe.” One of the best ways to keep each other safe is to “Stand Up to Falls.”

Public Health Matters Blog - Why Diarrhea & Swimming Don’t Mix
The summer swim season is here, and millions of Americans will be flocking to local pools for fun in the sun and exercise. However, swimming, like any form of exercise, does not come without health risks. The good news is that we can all take a few simple but effective steps to help keep ourselves and other swimmers we know healthy and safe.

Public Health Matters Blog - Think it’s a stroke? 4 reasons it’s better to call 9-1-1 than drive yourself to the hospital
Stroke—also called a “brain attack”—can happen to anyone at any time. On average one American dies from stroke every 4 minutes. Most strokes happen when blood flow to the brain is blocked, causing brain cells to die. Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States and a major cause of long-term disability. Your best chance for surviving a stroke and having a full recovery is getting to the hospital quickly. But did you know that 1 in 3 stroke patients doesn’t call an ambulance? Instead, they may not recognize they’re having a stroke, try to wait to see if their symptoms go away, or may try to drive themselves or have another person drive them to the emergency room. All of these things actually increases your risk for disability and death.

COCA Call: May. 24: Potential for Falsely Low Blood Lead Test Results from LeadCare® Analyzers
On May 17, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a safety communication warning about the use of Magellan Diagnostics’ LeadCare® analyzers with venous blood samples because they might result in falsely low test results. FDA is now advising that Magellan Diagnostics’ LeadCare® analyzers should no longer be used with venous blood samples. The safety alert does not apply to capillary blood lead test results collected by fingerstick or heelstick. During this COCA call, clinicians will learn the importance of lead testing for children and pregnant or lactating women, which patients may be impacted, and CDC’s recommendations for re-testing.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 403 - Potential for Falsely Low Blood Lead Test Results from LeadCare® Analyzers
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a safety communication warning about the use of Magellan Diagnostics’ LeadCare® analyzers (LeadCare, LeadCare II, LeadCare Ultra and LeadCare Plus) with venous blood samples because they might result in falsely low test results. FDA is now advising that Magellan Diagnostics’ LeadCare® analyzers should no longer be used with venous blood samples. The safety alert does not apply to capillary blood lead test results collected by fingerstick or heelstick. The purpose of this Health Advisory is to notify state and local health departments, healthcare providers, and laboratories about CDC’s re-testing guidance in light of the safety alert.

Public Health Matters Blog - National Hurricane Preparedness Week (May 7-13, 2017): It Only Takes One!
As the saying goes, “all politics are local.” The same goes for hurricanes. A busy hurricane season is not just defined by the total number of hurricanes in a season, but rather if any hurricane hits your local community. It only takes one. This mantra provides the impetus every May for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and its partners to participate in the National Hurricane Preparedness Week. The goal of National Hurricane Preparedness Week is to motivate communities, businesses, and individuals to know their risks, take steps to prepare, and encourage their loved ones, neighbors, and social network to do the same.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 402 - Prolonged IgM Antibody Response in People Infected with Zika Virus: Implications for Interpreting Serologic Testing Results for Pregnant Women
In July 2016, CDC issued Interim Guidance for Health Care Providers Caring for Pregnant Women with Possible Zika Virus Exposure – United States, July 2016 (https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6529e1.htm) that includes Zika virus immunoglobulin M (IgM) testing of pregnant women. However, some flavivirus infections can result in prolonged IgM responses (>12 weeks) that make it difficult to determine the timing of infection, especially in testing of asymptomatic people. Emerging epidemiologic and laboratory data indicate that Zika virus IgM can persist beyond 12 weeks in a subset of infected people. Therefore, detection of IgM may not always indicate a recent infection. Although IgM persistence could affect IgM test interpretation for all infected people, it would have the greatest effect on clinical management of pregnant women with a history of living in or traveling to areas with Zika virus transmission. Pregnant women who test positive for IgM antibody may have been infected with Zika virus and developed an IgM response before conception.

Public Health Matters Blog - Autism and Preparedness
There is a new neighbor on Sesame Street (http://www.sesamestreet.org/toolkits/ready). Her name is Julia and she’s helping dispel decades-old stereotypes about autism. Julia is a little girl with autism and her move to “where the air is sweet” coincided with April being Autism Awareness Month. Our new neighbor is helping us think about the challenges of parenting a child of autism. One of those challenges is preparing children with special needs for public health emergencies.

Public Health Matters Blog - What’s in an environment?
Every year, more than 193 countries celebrate Earth Day on April 22nd. Earth Day reminds all of us of our personal and collective responsibility to preserve and protect the environment. Protecting the environment also helps us protect our health. The word “environment” means different things for different people. For some the environment is the natural world—mountains, forests, rivers, oceans, animals, and the air around us. Others think of “tree huggers,” the green movement, or the motto “Reduce, reuse, recycle.” But everything in the world around us is part of the environment – it is the air we breathe, the water we drink, the soil beneath our feet, and much more. When environments are polluted or contaminated, they can cause harmful health effects in people.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 401 - CDC Recommendations for Diagnosing and Managing Shigella Strains with Possible Reduced Susceptibility to Ciprofloxacin
This Health Advisory describes the identification of emerging Shigella strains with elevated minimum inhibitory concentration values for ciprofloxacin and outlines new recommendations for clinical diagnosis, management, and reporting, as well as new recommendations for laboratories and public health officials. Current interpretive criteria provided by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) categorize these strains as susceptible to ciprofloxacin, which is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic and a key agent in the management of Shigella infections.

Public Health Matters Blog - Battling Biting Mosquitoes and Jumping Genes in 2016
Last year, an expert from the CDC National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Diseases (NCEZID) found himself in an unlikely position: guest starring on a popular Navajo language radio program to field questions about hantavirus infection. Hantavirus is caused by contact with mouse droppings and can sometimes be fatal.

Public Health Matters Blog - 10 Ways CDC Gets Ready For Emergencies
One of the best parts of my job is the opportunity to learn from a wide range of experiences. We have an obligation to not only respond to emergencies today, but to prepare for tomorrow by learning from the past. Our work extends to households affected by disease, communities ravaged by disasters, and U.S. territories battling new and changing threats. In fact, all over the world – we try to get ahead of, and manage, complex responses that touch many lives through ever changing circumstances. In an ideal world the health in every community would be at a level that would make recovery and reliance easier. The reality is that emergencies happen in all kinds of environments and populations.

Public Health Matters Blog - 5 Spring Safety Tips Brought to You By Adorable Animals
Spring is in the air, and that means warmer weather, blooming flowers…and the potential for extreme weather conditions (http://www.nws.noaa.gov/com/weatherreadynation/spring_safety.html)! Some of our favorite animals remind us of what steps we can take to keep ourselves safe if bad weather strikes. Mental, behavioral, and developmental disorders, such as anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or ADHD, and learning problems, often begin in early childhood and can affect life-long health and well-being. Children with these disorders face challenges at home, at school, and with friends. About 1 in 7 US children aged 2-8 years have a mental, behavioral, and/or developmental disorder reported by a parent.

Public Health Matters Blog - How We Can Help Children In Rural Communities Thrive
When children grow up in a safe and nurturing home environment, have opportunities to learn, and time to interact and build relationships with other children, they are more likely to reach their full potential. This is especially true for children with mental, behavioral, and developmental disorders. Mental, behavioral, and developmental disorders, such as anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or ADHD, and learning problems, often begin in early childhood and can affect life-long health and well-being. Children with these disorders face challenges at home, at school, and with friends. About 1 in 7 US children aged 2-8 years have a mental, behavioral, and/or developmental disorder reported by a parent.

Public Health Matters Blog - John Snow: A Legacy of Disease Detectives
London, 1854: A cramped Soho neighborhood teems with people and animals living in cramped and dirty quarters. A deadly outbreak of cholera is spreading. Doctors and scientists believe it’s caused by “miasma,” or bad air. They theorize that particles from rotting matter and waste are getting into the air and making people sick. Enter John Snow. An accomplished physician, he becomes convinced that something other than the air might be responsible for the illness. Through carefully mapping the outbreak, he finds that everyone affected has a single connection in common: they have all retrieved water from the local Broad Street pump.

Public Health Matters Blog - How CDC Is Using Advanced Molecular Detection Technology To Better Fight Flu!
Flu (influenza) is a serious disease caused by influenza viruses. Flu viruses change constantly. They are among the fastest mutating viruses known. These changes can impact how well the flu vaccine works, or can also result in the emergence of new influenza viruses against which people have no preexisting immunity, triggering a pandemic. Year round, scientists from CDC, World Health Organization (WHO), and other partners monitor the influenza viruses that are infecting people. These scientists study the viruses in the laboratory to see how they are changing.

Public Health Matters Blog - Stockpile Expert Helps Responders Prepare for Emergencies
In the United States, most of us take it for granted that if we need medicine – cough syrup, aspirin, or even most antibiotics – we can just run down to the pharmacy and get it. That’s because our medical supply chain – the series of organizations, companies, and systems that make sure those shelves are stocked – works well. In an emergency, we even have a stockpile of medicines (https://www.cdc.gov/phpr/stockpile/products.htm) on hand and people with the skills and resources to deliver it anywhere in the United States within 12 hours.

Public Health Matters Blog - Tips to Protect Yourself from Norovirus
If you haven’t ever been sick with norovirus, chances are you will. Most people will get sick with norovirus several times during their life. The symptoms of norovirus can be miserable and include diarrhea, throwing up, nausea, and stomach pain. Most people who get sick with the virus get better within 1 to 3 days, but it can lead to dehydration or more serious illness, especially in young children and older adults.

Public Health Matters Blog - Behind the Clipboard: Adventures of a Lab Inspector
You might think being a laboratory inspector is a boring job – the kind of work that’s suited to glasses-wearing, clipboard-carrying types who hate adventure and love enforcing rules. However, during a recent sit-down with a small group of CDC inspectors, I discovered their jobs are anything but dull.Select agents are biological agents and toxins that have the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety, to animal and plant health, or to animal or plant products. CDC’s Division of Select Agents and Toxins regulates those labs that handle germs and poisons that can cause disease in humans.

Upcoming COCA Call: Feb. 16: 2016-2017 Influenza Season Activity and Recommendations for Clinicians
Influenza activity in the United States began to increase in early December, remained elevated through mid-January, and is expected to continue for several more weeks. Influenza A(H3N2) viruses have been most common this season, and influenza A(H3N2)-predominant seasons are often associated with more severe illness, particularly among young children and people 65 years and older.

Public Health Matters Blog - Don’t Skip A Beat: Prepare for Heart Attacks
Preparing for a potential heart attack now could save a life later. A crisis often strikes without warning, whether it’s a tornado, an earthquake, or a heart attack. Although heart attacks can happen suddenly, you can take steps now to prepare in case one should ever happen to you or a loved one. February is American Heart Month, a perfect time to ask yourself, “Would I know what to do in the event of a heart attack?”

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 400 - Investigation of Seoul Virus Outbreak Associated with Home-based, Rat-breeding Facilities in Wisconsin and Illinois
CDC and health officials from Wisconsin and Illinois are conducting an investigation of Seoul virus infections among pet rats and persons exposed to rats at rat-breeding facilities in Wisconsin and Illinois. Seoul virus is a member of the hantavirus group of rodent-borne viruses. Trace-back and trace-out investigations of possibly infected rodents have identified distribution chains in other states that may require additional investigations. People who become infected with this virus often exhibit relatively mild or no symptoms, but some will develop a form of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) with death in approximately 1–2% of HFRS cases. Although serologic studies have indicated the presence of Seoul virus in wild rats in the United States, this is the first known outbreak associated with pet rats in the United States.

Public Health Matters Blog - How Much Radon is In Your Home?
Knowing how much radon is in your home could save your life. Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer after cigarette smoking. If you smoke and live in a home with high radon levels, you increase your risk of developing lung cancer. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Surgeon General’s office estimate radon is responsible for more than 20,000 lung cancer deaths each year in the U.S.

Public Health Matters Blog - Looking Back: 5 Big Lessons from 2016
CDC is always there – before, during, and after emergencies – and 2016 was no exception. Through it all, we’ve brought you the best and latest science-based information on being prepared and staying safe. Here’s a look back at 5 big lessons from a very eventful year. Follow the links to discover the full stories!

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 399 - CDC Guidance for Travel and Testing of Pregnant Women and Women of Reproductive Age for Zika Virus Infection Related to the Investigation for Local Mosquito-borne Zika Virus Transmission in Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas
On November 28, 2016, the Texas Department of State Health Services (TDSHS) reported the first case of locally acquired mosquito-borne Zika virus infection in the city of Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas. On December 9, 2016, four additional cases in people living in proximity to the first case were reported. TDSHS continues to investigate Zika virus transmission in Brownsville.

Public Health Matters Blog - My Daughter Died From a Vaccine Preventable Disease
Scarlet Anne Taylor was only 5 when she became sick with the flu and was sent home from school in December 2014. Two days later, Scarlet was admitted to the hospital because she was having trouble breathing. Once admitted, her condition only seemed to worsen. Four hours after bringing her daughter to the hospital, her mother, Rebecca Hendricks, learned that she had died of complications from flu. “My daughter died from a vaccine preventable disease,” Rebecca recounts.

Upcoming COCA Call: Dec. 13: Effectively Communicating with Patients about Opioid Therapy
Effective communication between patient and provider is critical when initiating opioid therapy. Often providers will need to adjust prescribing practices and motivate patients to stay committed to the changes. During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn how to apply principles of motivational interviewing and a six-step process that is patient-centered and supports clinical judgment when conflict arises. Presenters will review two case studies in which they will apply communication strategies, and provide examples of patient-provider dialogue.

Upcoming COCA Call: Dec. 8: Gearing up for the Travel Season: How Clinicians can Ensure Their Patients are Packed with Knowledge on Zika Prevention
Throughout this holiday season, many clinicians will see patients who plan to travel or have recently traveled to areas with active Zika transmission. During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn about current CDC travel recommendations, how to determine which patients should receive Zika testing after traveling to an area with Zika, and the recommendations for patients before and after travel to help them protect themselves and others from Zika.

Upcoming COCA Call: Dec. 6: Risk Mitigation Strategies to Reduce Opioid Overdoses
When prescribing opioids, risk mitigation strategies can be an effective way to reduce abuse and overdose. Strategies described in CDC’s Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain include reviewing prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data, urine drug testing (UDT), and co-prescribing naloxone. During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn about steps they can take when concerning information is discovered through PDMP checks or UDT. Presenters will review how to evaluate factors that increase risk for opioid overdose and how to determine when co-prescribing naloxone would be beneficial. In addition, a case study of a 46-year-old man with chronic low back pain, on high-dose opioid, will be presented to illustrate how PDMP and UDT results and medical evaluation can be used for opioid treatment decision-making.

Upcoming COCA Call: Updated CDC Zika Laboratory Testing Guidance
CDC and several state and local health departments are testing for Zika virus. Every day, CDC learns more about Zika. CDC has recently released revised Zika virus laboratory testing guidance. During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn about the updated recommendations in CDC’s Guidance for U.S. Laboratories Testing for Zika Virus Infection and understand their role in testing specimens collected from patients. In addition, subject matter experts from CDC, the American Society for Microbiology, and the Association of Public Health Laboratories will discuss changes to the CDC Trioplex Real-time RT-PCR (rRT-PCR) Assay Emergency Use Authorization, examine the use of non-CDC developed assays, and review recommendations for plaque reduction neutralization testing in Puerto Rico.

Public Health Matters Blog - 5 Holiday Tips for a Home Safe Home
As the season of togetherness rolls in, regular routines roll out. You do things you don’t normally do: decorating, cooking, hosting guests (and their germs), or playing a pick-up game of football in the backyard. As you channel your inner Julia Child, Aaron Rodgers, or Martha Stewart in preparation for your holiday gatherings, here are five things you should remember.

Upcoming COCA Call: Assessment and Evidence-based Treatments for Opioid Use Disorder
One substantial risk associated with prescribing opioids for chronic pain is opioid use disorder (OUD). This disorder is associated with specific criteria, such as unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control opioid use, as well as use resulting in social problems and a failure to fulfill obligations at work, school, or home. During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn about OUD diagnosis criteria, evidence-based treatment options, and patient education techniques. Presenters will use actual case studies to illustrate how clinicians can use recommendations from the CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain to select OUD evidence-based treatment options such as medication-assisted treatment with buprenorphine or methadone in combination with behavioral therapies.

Public Health Matters Blog - This Is a Test: Georgia Practices for Bioterrorist Threats
It is November 2015, and Georgia’s emergency personnel are preparing to respond to an outbreak of plague (http://www.cdc.gov/plague/index.html). Don’t worry, it’s not the real plague. This is only a test. No one is actually sick or in any danger. But what if it were real? Armed with the knowledge that practice makes perfect, the Georgia Department of Public Health is conducting a statewide exercise to test its systems and practice responding to a large-scale public health emergency. In this case, the state is simulating a bioterrorist attack involving an intentional release of the communicable Category A biological agent Yersinia pestis, commonly known as plague. It is a giant effort involving the entire state: all 18 regional emergency operations centers are activating, and they are working closely with CDC. It’s all pretend, but for those participating, the exercise is very real. There are real phone calls and real trucks and drivers delivering real pallets of materials with real bottles (of pretend medicine). Each pallet and bottle has a real lot number for tracking. Real people – volunteers – will test their ability to dispense medicine quickly in every corner of the state. It’s a critical part of being ready to save lives in case of a bioterrorist attack.

Public Health Matters Blog - This is Your Brain on Emergencies
There’s a fire in your building. Your plane is about to crash. A woman beside you on the street suddenly collapses. What do you do? Well, that depends. Every one of us is at risk for these kinds of unexpected intrusions into our day-to-day lives. What you do about it depends on whether or not you’re prepared – not just physically, but also mentally. In any situation, some things are likely to be out of your control: the size of the fire; who’s flying the plane; what’s wrong with the woman. Some things, however, are up to you. Being aware of how you might react can go a long way toward making a bad situation better.

Public Health Matters Blog - Tips on Cleaning Mold After a Flood
Returning to your home after a flood is a big part of getting your life back to normal. But you may be facing a new challenge: mold. What can you do to get rid of it? How do you get the mold out of your home and stay safe at the same time? CDC has investigated floods, mold, and cleanup, and offers practical tips for homeowners and others on how to safely and efficiently remove mold from the home.

Public Health Matters Blog - Don’t Be Scared, Be Prepared!
Jack-o’-lanterns glow on the front porch. Children wait anxiously in their costumes, ready to go house-to-house collecting buckets of treats. For kids (and, yes, adults too), Halloween can be a time of excitement and imagination. But as a parent, you need to protect your little ones from some very real dangers. What if they get separated from you? Are they prepared to safely cross the street? Did you remind them to not eat the candy before you check it?

Public Health Matters Blog - How We Decide What to Say in Emergencies
A few years ago, there was an outbreak of Salmonella (http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/index.html) infections among people who ate peanut butter and products containing peanut paste, like crackers and cookies. People were scared. They needed to know which products were affected. Were they in their grocery store, or worse, already in their kitchen? They also needed facts about Salmonella infection: what are the symptoms, and how dangerous is it? Fact: You can’t protect your health if you don’t know what to do and how to do it.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 398 - CDC Updates Guidance for Pregnant Women and Women and Men of Reproductive Age for Zika Virus Infection Related to the Ongoing Investigation of Local Mosquito-borne Zika Virus Transmission in Miami-Dade County, Florida
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) previously issued travel, testing, and other guidance related to areas of active Zika virus transmission in Florida. Because local transmission of Zika virus continues to be reported in Miami-Dade County, CDC is strengthening travel recommendations for pregnant women to Miami-Dade County and also reinforcing recommendations for use of protective measures to prevent exposure to Zika. CDC is updating recommendations to emphasize testing for pregnant women with an epidemiologic link to Miami-Dade County. An epidemiologic link means that they lived in, traveled to, or had unprotected sex with someone who lived in or traveled to, the designated area. In addition, CDC has made specific recommendations for areas of identified active transmission.

Public Health Matters Blog - After Matthew: The Hidden Dangers of Hurricanes
The thrashing winds have died down. Relentless rain has ceased. The clouds have cleared and the sun is shining. But this is no time to let your guard down. Last week, Hurricane Matthew pounded its way through the Caribbean before bearing down on the eastern U.S. coastline from Florida to North Carolina. Many lives and homes were tragically lost. But not all of the death and destruction happens during the storm itself. The aftermath is a treacherous time, with still-rising floodwaters, power outages, breaks in healthcare services, and increased risks for injury or illness. The mental and physical toll of a hurricane continues to mount even as it dispels and fades off into the ocean. We must remember that, although the storm has passed, danger remains present

Public Health Matters Blog - Five Things You Might Not Know About Washing Your Hands
Keeping your hands clean is one of the most important steps you can take to avoid getting sick and spreading germs to the people around you. Many diseases and conditions are spread by not cleaning your hands properly (http://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/when-how-handwashing.html). Here are five important things you might not know about washing your hands and why it matters.

2016 Hurricane Matthew – CDC International Response
Category 4 Hurricane Matthew struck the south-west coast of Haiti at 0700 local time (1200 GMT) on 4 October. Wind speeds of 230km/h were recorded, causing widespread damage, flooding and displacement. The most affected departments are Grand Anse, South, Nippes and South East, where heavy floods were recorded. West and North West departments were also affected. The government of Haiti has issued a Red Alert and the Haiti National Emergency Operation Center has been activated. Estimates are that over 2 million people could be affected.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 397 - CDC Advises Hospitals to Alert Patients at Risk from Contaminated Heater-Cooler Devices Used during Cardiac Surgery
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is advising hospitals to notify patients who underwent open-heart (open-chest) surgery involving a Stöckert 3T heater-cooler that the device was potentially contaminated, possibly putting patients at risk for a life threatening infection. New information indicates that these devices, manufactured by LivaNova PLC (formerly Sorin Group Deutschland GmbH), were likely contaminated with the rare bacteria Mycobacterium chimaera during manufacturing. Hospitals should advise potentially exposed patients to seek medical care if they are experiencing symptoms such as night sweats, muscle aches, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, or unexplained fever. In addition, hospitals that use or have used this device are strongly encouraged to make and execute a plan to communicate with potentially exposed patients and to increase awareness among healthcare providers.

Public Health Matters Blog - A Safe Community Starts With You
The minutes, hours, and days immediately following a disaster are the most critical for saving lives. In times of crisis, local communities are first to respond. It’s up to each of us to make sure our communities are resilient and can bounce back from disaster. We do this by being prepared to help ourselves and those around us.

Public Health Matters Blog - Protect Your Child this Flu Season: Get a Flu Shot!
As fall approaches, cold weather isn’t the only thing you and your family need to prepare for. Flu season is on its way, and it will be here before you know it. Now is the time to make sure that you and your family are protected from flu by getting your flu vaccine by the end of October, if possible.

Public Health Matters Blog - Ready Now!
A rare winter storm in 2008 buried Portland, Oregon under more than a foot of snow, leaving the city gridlocked (https://www.portlandoregon.gov/transportation/article/376317). Like many others around the city, Nickole Cheron was stuck in her home for eight days. But for Nickole—who was born with spinal muscular atrophy, a genetic disease that weakens the body’s muscles over time—the storm was potentially life-threatening.

Public Health Matters Blog - How to Be Smart (About Preparedness)
Emergencies are everywhere: from floods to flu, tornadoes to terrorists… How do you prepare for all of it? Trying to prepare for every possibility can seem impossible. But you can be smart about preparing for the emergencies and situations you are most likely to experience. Start by looking around at where you live, the people in your life, and the places you go on a day-to-day basis. Ask yourself questions, then figure out what steps you can take.

Public Health Matters Blog - Fred the Preparedness Dog—Tails from Kansas
It all started when Fred jumped into the bathtub. It was one of those warm, Kansas summer days, back in 2013. Fred the German Shepherd had just joined our family, and my wife eagerly captured all his adorable dog-moments with her camera. So when Fred hopped into the tub, she quickly snapped a photo and sent it to me. Having worked in emergency preparedness for ten years, I saw something more in that picture: Fred was doing a good job of being prepared.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 396 - CDC Updates Guidance for Travel and Testing of Pregnant Women and Women of Reproductive Age for Zika Virus Infection Related to the Ongoing Investigation of Local Mosquito-borne Zika Virus Transmission in Miami-Dade County, Florida
CDC previously issued travel, testing, and other guidance related to local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission (active Zika virus transmission) that the Florida Department of Health (FL DOH) identified in two areas of Miami-Dade County: (1) a one-square-mile area in Wynwood, and (2) a 1.5-square-mile area in Miami Beach. CDC has updated the guidance for people who live in or traveled to these areas.

Public Health Matters Blog - West Nile to Zika: How One Virus Helped New York City Prepare for Another
No one told the Aedes mosquito that New York is the city that never sleeps. The type of mosquito that can spread Zika virus (Zika) is most active during the day and hides at night when our city’s mosquito control efforts are in full swing, meaning that our scientists had to find a way to reach it during pre-dawn hours. The solution? Wake it up, force it to take flight, and then kill it. This is just one of many innovations New York is using to bolster the fight against Zika.

Public Health Matters Blog - When Preparation Meets Opportunity: Cameroon Gets a Jump on Outbreak Response
When Dr. Aristide Abah stepped off the plane that brought him from Atlanta back to his home in Cameroon, there was no time to waste. An outbreak of H5N1 flu (http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avianflu/h5n1-people.htm) threatened the country, and it was up to Dr. Abah to lead the response. Fortunately, he was prepared.

Public Health Matters Blog - The Power of Preparedness
By Dr. Stephen Redd: If there were one thing I’d wish for, it would be the ability to predict when and where the next infectious disease outbreak would occur and stop it before it starts. I can’t do that. And neither can anyone else. At this moment, in addition to combating Zika in the United States and polio in Nigeria and Pakistan, we’re putting out the last embers of Ebola in West Africa, stomping out cholera in Tanzania and Kenya, and fighting yellow fever in Angola. We’re keeping vigilant for the re-emergence of H5N1 influenza and Middle East respiratory syndrome, and monitoring chikungunya, dengue, monkeypox, Lassa fever, measles…the list goes on.

Public Health Matters Blog - Small Changes, Big Dividends: A Global Look at Preparedness
By Dr. Stephen Redd: There’s a big difference between seeing something in a picture and experiencing it in 360-degree reality, saturated with sounds and smells. In the summer of 1987, I traveled to Senegal for three weeks. This was the first time I had really traveled and seen firsthand what the rest of the world was like.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 395 - Influx of Fentanyl-laced Counterfeit Pills and Toxic Fentanyl-related Compounds Further Increases Risk of Fentanyl-related Overdose and Fatalities
On October 26, 2015, CDC issued HAN 384 (http://emergency.cdc.gov/han/han00384.asp) that alerted (1) public health departments, health care professionals, first responders, and medical examiners and coroners of the increase in fentanyl-related unintentional overdose fatalities in multiple states primarily driven by illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) (i.e., non-pharmaceutical fentanyl); (2) provided recommendations for improving detection of fentanyl-related overdose outbreaks; and (3) encouraged states to expand access to naloxone and training for administering naloxone to reduce opioid overdose deaths.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 394 - CDC Expands Guidance for Travel and Testing of Pregnant Women, Women of Reproductive Age, and Their Partners for Zika Virus Infection Related to Mosquito-borne Zika Virus Transmission in Miami-Dade, Florida
CDC has previously issued travel, testing, and other guidance for local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission (active Zika virus transmission) for a one-square-mile area in the Wynwood area of Miami that the Florida Department of Health (FL DOH) identified. The guidance for those who live in or traveled to this area any time after June 15, 2016, remains in effect. FL DOH continues to investigate active Zika virus transmission in South Florida. Investigation has revealed a new area of active transmission in a 1.5-square-mile section of Miami Beach. In addition, FL DOH has identified multiple other individual instances of mosquito-borne Zika virus infection and an increase in travel-related cases.

Public Health Matters Blog - One Humanity: Supporting Mothers and Infants in the Syrian Refugee Crisis
The scale of the Syrian crisis is nearly beyond comprehension: 4.8 million refugees, 8.7 million people displaced inside Syria’s borders. But the numbers don’t tell the whole story. Across the world, CDC has people on the ground working to protect the health of those affected by the crisis – people like Leisel Talley, whose mission is to help mothers and babies get the nutrition they need, despite unimaginable circumstances.

Upcoming COCA Call: Zika Update: Clinical Laboratory Testing and Care of Infants with Congenital Zika Virus Infection
Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of microcephaly and other severe fetal brain defects; however, the full spectrum of infant outcomes is not yet known. CDC has updated its interim guidance for U.S. healthcare providers caring for infants born to mothers with possible Zika virus infection during pregnancy. During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn about these updated interim clinical guidelines, which include evaluation and management recommendations. This information can help pediatric healthcare providers better understand the appropriate tests and clinical approaches for evaluating and managing infants, born to mothers in the United States and its territories, with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection.

Public Health Matters Blog - Ready or Not: Communicating During an Emergency in the Country of Georgia
Sometimes, emergencies don’t wait for you to be ready. In 2015, the country of Georgia invited CDC to conduct a training on the principles of Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication (CERC). But before we could get there, the capital city of Tblisi was struck by a major flood. The flash flood and ensuing mudslide killed 20 people and covered much of the city in water and mud. There were news reports about the massive damage, human casualties, and even escaped zoo animals. Ready or not, responders had to jump in and communicate clearly about the emergency.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 393 - CDC Guidance for Travel and Testing of Pregnant Women and Women of Reproductive Age for Zika Virus Infection Related to the Investigation for Local Mosquito-borne Zika Virus Transmission in Miami-Dade and Broward Counties, Florida
The Florida Department of Health (FL DOH) has identified an area with local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission (active Zika virus transmission) in Miami (http://www.cdc.gov/zika/intheus/florida-update.html). Based on the earliest time of symptom onset and a maximal two-week incubation period for Zika virus, this guidance applies to women of reproductive age and their partners who live in or traveled to this area after June 15, 2016. This is an ongoing investigation, and CDC is rapidly learning more about the extent of active Zika virus transmission in the area identified by the FL DOH. With the recommendations below, CDC is applying existing guidance to the occurrence of Zika virus transmission in this area of Florida. As more information becomes available, we will update these recommendations.

Public Health Matters Blog - Using the Law to Prepare for Global Health Emergencies
Countries need to be prepared to handle emergencies. Having the right laws in place is an important part of the preparation. When laws are not clearly defined, responders can have a hard time figuring out what to do during a public health emergency and who has the authority to take action. When a deadly disease outbreak hits, this can have devastating consequences.

Public Health Matters Blog - Parents and Kids Prepare for Emergencies Together
School is out, and summer is a time for hanging out with family and friends, taking vacations and going away to camp. It is also the season for disasters like tornadoes (http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/tornadoes/index.asp), hurricanes (http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/hurricanes/index.asp) and wildfires (http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/wildfires/index.asp). Include your children in planning and preparing for emergencies to help keep them safe.

COCA Clinical Reminder: July 14, 2016 - Clinical Management for Emerging Antimicrobial-Resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea is a public health issue. CDC estimates there are more than 800,000 new gonorrhea infections each year. Left untreated, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease in women, which can lead to serious reproductive complications including tubal infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. Prevention relies largely on prompt detection and effective antimicrobial treatment; however, treatment has been compromised by the evolution of antibiotic resistance to the antibiotics used to treat gonorrhea.

Upcoming COCA Call: Assessing Benefits and Harms of Opioid Therapy for Chronic Pain
Although evidence supports short-term effectiveness of opioids to treat pain, there is insufficient data that long-term use of opioids effectively treats chronic pain. In fact, long-term use of opioids in high doses can contribute to opioid-use disorder and overdose. Therefore, long-term opioid therapy should only be used when the benefits outweigh the risks. During this COCA Call, presenters will explore a case study on how recommendations from the CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain were used to ascertain the associated benefits and risks when a patient with fibromyalgia was prescribed oxycodone following a motor vehicle crash.

Upcoming COCA Call: CDC Recommendations for Nonopioid Treatments in the Management of Chronic Pain
Between 1999-2014, nonopioid treatments for chronic pain were used less frequently while the amount of opioids prescribed in the United States quadrupled. Unfortunately, long-term opioid use for chronic pain is associated with serious risks, including abuse, dependence, and overdose. In addition, there is insufficient evidence to determine whether pain relief, function, or quality of life improves with long-term opioid therapy. The CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain provides recommendations for safer and more effective prescribing of opioids for chronic pain in patients 18 years of age and older in outpatient settings outside of active cancer treatment, palliative care, and end-of-life care. During this COCA Call, a case study will be used to illustrate how clinicians can identify appropriate treatment strategies for chronic

Public Health Matters Blog - Global Health Security: How is the U.S. doing?
At first glance, this photo taken on a set of concrete steps in Washington, D.C., may look like an ordinary group shot—but it took an extraordinary series of events to make it happen.

Public Health Matters Blog - Safeguarding Deadly Pathogens and Poisons
Bioterrorism is not a new threat. One of the earliest recorded uses of biological weapons dates back to the 6th century B.C., when Persian armies poisoned wells with a fungus (http://www.selectagents.gov/history.html). Modern threats, however, are more complex and could cause widespread devastation. The anthrax attacks of 2001 focused our nation on making sure especially dangerous pathogens and poisons (which we call select agents and toxins) are being handled safely and are protected at all times.

Public Health Matters Blog - Mosquito Control Awareness Week: Say Goodbye to Mosquitoes at Home
This week is Mosquito Control Awareness Week! Now that it’s mosquito season, it is the perfect time to look in and around your home for ways to control mosquitoes that can carry viruses like Zika and West Nile. There are many options when it comes to mosquito control for your home. No single activity will effectively control mosquitoes, so you should combine both indoor and outdoor mosquito control activities to keep in and around your home free of mosquitoes.

Public Health Matters Blog - Danger in the Water: When Algae Become Toxic
Ever wondered what’s causing the water in your favorite lake to turn red? Or were the family photos from your river rafting trip spoiled by brown water in the background? You may be looking at an algal bloom. Summer is upon us and warm weather is the perfect environment for these algal blooms, which can cause a range of problems, from simply being an eyesore to becoming a harmful algal bloom (HAB) that can make people and animals sick or damage local environments.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 392 - CDC Recommendations for Subsequent Zika IgM Antibody Testing
Testing for Zika virus infection using real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) molecular assays is now commercially available. When requesting Zika rRT-PCR testing from a commercial laboratory, providers should be aware that commercial laboratories performing rRT-PCR currently do not also offer Zika IgM enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or confirmatory serologic testing (plaque reduction neutralization test, or PRNT). Therefore, if possible, providers should store a serum aliquot for subsequent Zika IgM ELISA testing if the rRT-PCR assay is negative. Otherwise, collection of an additional serum sample may be necessary.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 391 - Best Practices for Using PCR to Diagnose Haemophilus influenzae and Neisseria meningitidis and Identify Serotype or Serogroup
Determining serotype for Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) and serogroup for Neisseria meningitidis (Nm) is crucial for identifying potential outbreaks and determining appropriate public health responses. Several new commercial multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays capable of simultaneously testing a single specimen for an array of pathogens that cause blood infections, meningitis, or encephalitis are available. These assays can rapidly identify Hi and Nm species, but most do not determine serotype or serogroup. Laboratories should continue to perform culture and use validated, specific real-time PCR assays capable of detecting and differentiating all six serotypes (a-f) of Hi and six serogroups (A, B, C, W, X, and Y) of Nm; otherwise, additional steps need to be taken including performing a reflex culture or at a minimum retaining a clinical sample for further testing.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 390 - Alert to U.S. Healthcare Facilities: First mcr-1 Gene in E. coli Bacteria found in a Human in the United States
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is collaborating in a coordinated public health response to the Department of Defense (DoD) announcement on May 26 of the first mcr-1 gene found in bacteria from a human in the United States. Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria carrying the mcr-1 gene were found in a urine sample from a person in Pennsylvania with no recent travel outside of the United States who presented to a clinic with a urinary tract infection. The mcr-1 gene makes bacteria resistant to the antibiotic colistin, which is used as a last-resort drug to treat patients with infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria, including carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). The mcr-1 gene exists on a plasmid, a small piece of DNA that is capable of moving from one bacterium to another, potentially spreading antibiotic resistance to other bacterial species. CDC is issuing this HAN notice as a reminder to U.S. healthcare facilities about recommendations to prevent antibiotic resistant infections and alert them to additional recommendations for detecting and reporting bacteria with the mcr-1 gene.

Upcoming COCA Call: CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain
The amount of opioids prescribed in the U.S. quadrupled from 1999-2014. Unfortunately, opioid-related overdose deaths have increased in parallel with prescribing increases, and the amount of pain that patients report remains unchanged. The CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain provides recommendations for safer and more effective prescribing of opioids for chronic pain in patients 18 and older in outpatient settings outside of active cancer treatment, palliative care, and end-of-life care. During this COCA Call, clinicians will hear an overview of the CDC recommendations and learn when and how opioids should be initiated for chronic pain, how to assess risk and address harms of opioid use, and when and how opioids should be discontinued.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Protecting the Air We Breathe
CDC scientists discovered Legionnaires’ disease in 1976, during one of the largest respiratory disease investigations in U.S. history. CDC’s disease detectives were called upon when people became sick with pneumonia, a serious lung infection, while attending an American Legion convention at a hotel in Philadelphia. Findings from the investigation suggested that a germ was being spread by the hotel’s air conditioning system. Six months later, CDC scientists identified that germ. It was a previously unknown bacteria, which they named Legionella (http://www.cdc.gov/legionella/index.html).

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Using Data to Prepare for the Next Heat Wave
Extreme heat events, or heat waves, are a leading cause of weather-related deaths in the United States. Between 1999 and 2012, extreme heat caused more than 7,400 heat-related deaths in the United States. Extreme heat increases hospital admissions for heart disease, respiratory disease, and stroke.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 389 - Diagnostic Testing of Urine Specimens for Suspected Zika Virus Infection
On May 13, 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued interim guidance (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6518e1.htm) that recommends Zika virus rRT-PCR testing of urine collected less than 14 days after symptom onset, along with testing of patient-matched serum samples, for the diagnosis of suspected Zika virus infection (1). The purpose of this Health Alert Network (HAN) health update is to further disseminate information about the interim guidance to clinical and public health professionals.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Healthy and Safe Swimming Week 2016
Summer is here! For many, it is time to hit the pool or take your children on a summer outing to the waterpark. Swimming is a great way to exercise, have fun and relax while spending time with family and friends. However, like many activities, it is not risk-free.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - The Strategic National Stockpile’s Unique Role in Zika Prevention
The first thing that comes to mind when people think about the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) is probably a big warehouse with lots of medicines and supplies. What many do not know is that even when the SNS does not have the specific medicines or supplies needed to combat a public health threat, SNS experts can play a key role in working with medical supply chain partners to locate and purchase products during an emergency response.

Upcoming COCA Call: Little Bite, Big Disease: Recognizing and Managing Tickborne Illnesses
Ticks transmit over a dozen infectious pathogens in the United States, including Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Recent discoveries of emerging pathogens such as Borrelia mayonii and Ehrlichia muris add to the complexity of properly diagnosing and treating tickborne diseases. As we approach summer and people become more active in the outdoors, reports of tick bites and tickborne diseases are expected to increase. Clinicians can help prevent complications associated with tickborne diseases with early recognition and prompt treatment. During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn about the treatment, management, and prevention of tickborne diseases in the U.S., with an emphasis on Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and newly emerging tickborne diseases.

Upcoming COCA Call: Drivers of Infectious Diseases: Connections Matter
Animal health represents an important factor in public health as zoonoses account for nearly two-thirds of human infectious diseases—the majority are from wild species. This is especially relevant given increasing pressures on our environment that are changing human contact with wildlife, resulting in the growing threat of disease emergence to our global and local public health and economies. Leading drivers of infectious disease emergence in humans from wildlife include anthropogenic pressures such as land use change, food production systems, and trade and travel. These complex drivers require broad and novel approaches to predict and prevent disease emergence. A multi-sectoral or One Health approach that considers the human-animal-environment links can promote synergies among public health, veterinary, and medical professions with other disciplines.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - What You May Not Know about Hand Hygiene – And Really Should
May 5th is World Hand Hygiene Day! We all know that cleaning our hands helps keep threatening germs away, but unclean hands continue to contribute to infections while patients receive care in healthcare settings. On any given day, about 1 in 25 hospital patients has at least one healthcare-associated infection. Many germs that cause these infections are spread from patient to patient on the hands of healthcare providers.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - The Strategic National Stockpile: Key to Protecting the Nation’s Health
When disaster strikes, CDC’s Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) is prepared to provide medicine and medical supplies to any affected area within the United States and its territories on a moment’s notice. The SNS serves as the nation’s repository of medicines and supplies for use if there is a public health emergency, such as a terrorist attack, flu outbreak, or natural disaster, severe enough to cause local supplies to run out. The repository is designed to supplement or re-supply state and local public health agencies when needed.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - 10 Ways to be Prepared
To mark the National Day of Action, there are hundreds of little steps you can take to be better prepared at home, in your community, and on the go. Here are a few quick action steps you can take today!

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Reuniting With Your Child
Hurricane Katrina led to the largest incident of missing children in US history. Many of these missing children were too young to accurately identify themselves. Parents of missing children were among thousands of people displaced in emergency shelters, some in different states, with limited access to communication channels. Learn more. CDC’s crisis communicators are trained to speak to the public when the unthinkable happens to them, their families, and their communities. Crisis communicators use evidence-based communication strategies to deliver messages to help people stay safe and healthy during a disaster. Find out how crisis communication works and how it was used in the Ebola response. Learn more in our latest Public Health Matters blog post.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - CDC Crisis Communicators: Making Every Message Count
An unexpected public health emergency can happen anywhere and to anyone. The right health or safety message at the right time from the right person can save lives. However, poor communication can also make an emergency situation much worse. CDC’s crisis communicators are trained to speak to the public when the unthinkable happens to them, their families, and their communities. Crisis communicators use evidence-based communication strategies to deliver messages to help people stay safe and healthy during a disaster. Find out how crisis communication works and how it was used in the Ebola response. Learn more in our latest Public Health Matters blog post.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Zika, Mosquitoes, and Standing Water
With spring weather and mosquito season coming soon in the Unites States, the Zika virus – and the mosquitoes that carry the virus – may be a major concern. People and communities can take steps to reduce the number of mosquitoes in their homes and communities to protect themselves from Zika - starting with removing standing water. Learn more in our latest Public Health Matters blog post.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Preparing for Emergencies: A Legal Perspective
Whether it’s taking steps toward a healthier lifestyle, preventing diseases, or preparing for an emergency or natural disaster, public law is an important tool to promote and protect public health. Find out how CDC’s Public Health Law Program (PHLP) helps to keep communities safer and healthier.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Planning for Kids: Preparedness and Pediatrics
As demonstrated in events like the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic and the Ebola response of 2014, children can be particularly vulnerable in emergency situations. Children are still developing physically, emotionally, and socially and often require different responses to events than adults. With children ages 0 to 17 representing nearly a quarter of the US population, the specific needs of children during planning for natural, accidental, and intentional disasters has become a national priority.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - 5 Things You Really Need to Know About Zika
Outbreaks of Zika have been reported in tropical Africa, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, and most recently in the Americas. Because the mosquitoes that spread Zika virus are found throughout the world, it is likely that outbreaks will continue to spread. Here are 5 things that you really need to know about the Zika virus.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 388 - Update: Interim Guidelines for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus — United States, 2016
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently published recommendations for protecting people against sexual transmission of Zika virus (1). As stated in that report, information about possible sexual transmission of Zika virus was based on one published report of transmission from a man to a woman, one published report in which Zika virus was detected in semen of a man with hematospermia, and one case of possible sexual transmission then under investigation in Texas. An additional case of Zika virus detected in semen in a man was reported after the CDC recommendations were published (2). As of February 23, 2016, CDC and state public health departments are investigating 14 additional reports of possible sexual transmission of the virus, including several involving pregnant women. While additional investigations are being completed, CDC is issuing this HAN Advisory as a strong reminder to state, local, and US territorial public health departments, clinicians, and the public to be aware of and adhere to current recommendations for preventing sexual transmission of Zika virus, particularly for men with pregnant partners. These recommendations may change as more information becomes available.

Upcoming COCA Call: Thursday, February 25, 2016 - Update on Interim Zika Virus Clinical Guidance and Recommendations
CDC continues to evaluate all available evidence to assess the effect of Zika virus disease during pregnancy and in infants and children with possible Zika virus infection. Updated interim guidelines for healthcare providers caring for pregnant women and women of reproductive age include a new recommendation to offer serologic testing to asymptomatic pregnant women (women who do not report clinical illness consistent with Zika virus disease) who have traveled to areas with ongoing transmission of Zika virus. Updated guidelines for healthcare providers caring for infants and children with possible Zika infection have been expanded to cover children up to 18 years old, and contain a new recommendation to provide routine care to infants with no abnormal findings on prenatal or postnatal ultrasound, normal physical examination and whose mothers were not previously tested for Zika virus infection. The guideline document contains new recommendations for the care of infants and children with possible acute Zika virus disease. During this COCA Call, participants will learn why CDC has updated the clinical guidelines and how they can use the guidelines for Zika virus evaluation and testing.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - From the Field: CDC’s Field Assignment Program
When faced with unexpected outbreaks and emergencies like zoonotic plague, Ebola, or contaminated cilantro that causes cyclosporiasis, Career Epidemiology Field Officers (CEFOs) are the experts in the field. The CEFO program is made up of highly skilled professionals assigned to state, territorial, and local health departments across the country to strengthen nationwide epidemiologic capacity and public health preparedness. Find out more about the CEFO program in our latest Public Health Matters blog post.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Preparedness Love for Valentine’s Day
Whether it’s your sweetheart, your children, or your favorite furry friend, Valentine’s Day is a great time to show that someone special that you care! This Valentine’s Day, remind your loved ones to be ready for emergencies. Nothing says I love you quite like “I have made you my emergency contact person.” Visit our latest Public Health Matters post to get great gift ideas.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 387 - Flu Season Begins: Severe Influenza Illness Reported - CDC urges rapid antiviral treatment of very ill and high risk suspect influenza patients without waiting for testing
Influenza activity is increasing across the country and CDC has received reports of severe influenza illness. Clinicians are reminded to treat suspected influenza in high-risk outpatients, those with progressive disease, and all hospitalized patients with antiviral medications as soon as possible, regardless of negative rapid influenza diagnostic test (RIDT) results and without waiting for RT-PCR testing results. Early antiviral treatment works best, but treatment may offer benefit when started up to 4-5 days after symptom onset in hospitalized patients. Early antiviral treatment can reduce influenza morbidity and mortality

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 386 - CDC Urging Dialysis Providers and Facilities to Assess and Improve Infection Control Practices to Stop Hepatitis C Virus Transmission in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has received an increased number of reports of newly acquired hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among patients undergoing hemodialysis. Infection control lapses in dialysis care could expose patients to HCV.

Upcoming COCA Call: Zika Virus — What Clinicians Need to Know
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes and an estimated 80% of persons infected with Zika virus are asymptomatic. Symptomatic disease is generally mild, with symptoms of fever, maculopapular rash, arthralgia, or nonpurulent conjunctivitis that typically last from several days to one week. Sporadic cases and outbreaks of Zika virus disease have occurred in countries in Africa and Southeast Asia. In 2015, the first local Zika virus transmission in the Americas was reported in Brazil and local transmission has now been in several countries or territories in the Americas. In the current outbreak in Brazil, a marked increase in the number of infants born with microcephaly has been reported and Zika virus infections have been confirmed in some infants with microcephaly. However, it is not known how many of the microcephaly cases are associated with Zika virus infection. Travelers to areas with ongoing outbreaks are at risk of becoming infected and spreading the virus to new areas, including the continental United States. During this COCA Call, participants will learn about the epidemiology and clinical manifestation of Zika virus disease and how early recognition and reporting of suspected cases can mitigate the risk of local transmission.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - 5 Things You Might Not Know About Human Papillomavirus
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common virus that infects both women and men. Although most HPV infections go away on their own, infections that don’t go away (persist) can cause changes in the cells and lead to cancer. With HPV vaccine, we have a powerful tool to prevent most of these cancers from ever developing. While cervical cancer is the most common and well-known HPV cancer, it’s not the only type of cancer HPV infections can cause. In honor of Cervical Cancer Awareness Month, here are five things you might not know about HPV.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 385 - Recognizing, Managing, and Reporting Zika Virus Infections in Travelers Returning from Central America, South America, the Caribbean, and Mexico
In May 2015, the World Health Organization reported the first local transmission of Zika virus in the Western Hemisphere, with autochthonous (locally acquired) cases identified in Brazil. As of January 15, 2016, local transmission had been identified in at least 14 countries or territories in the Americas, including Puerto Rico (See Pan American Health Organization [PAHO] link below for countries and territories in the Americas with Zika virus transmission). Further spread to other countries in the region is likely.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Global Health Security Agenda
In 2016, CDC is looking forward to continuing work on the Global Health Security Agenda, an initiative to commit $1 billion over the next 5 years to help 30 countries better prepare for the health impacts of natural and man-made disasters. Find out how CDC will work with partners to build a global network to rapidly and effectively respond to disease outbreaks as well as help countries build their own capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to emergencies.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Prepared Penguins: Tips for a Safe and Healthy Winter
As the temperatures get colder, make sure you know how to stay warm. Don’t get caught winging it! We have cute penguins with winter preparedness tips to help you be safe and healthy this winter.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Ebola Response: Year in Review
While the spread of the disease and U.S. media attention was at its peak in 2014, some of CDC’s most impactful and important work took place in 2015. This year’s response to the Ebola epidemic was marked with many challenges and accomplishments, new discoveries, and continuous hard work by hundreds of CDC staff. The dedication of CDC and its partners throughout the year has also led to the successful end of widespread Ebola transmission in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Get an update on the Ebola outbreak in our latest blog post.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Fight the Flu: Get a Vax!
As cold weather sets in, clothing layers increase, scarves are pulled tighter, and noses become redder. This time of year can also bring the dreaded running nose, scratchy throat, cough, body aches, and headache of the seasonal flu. As you fretfully try to protect yourself from the winter season with warmer clothes and hot drinks, are you also taking steps to protect yourself from the bigger threat of the flu? Find out more about the flu vaccine in our latest blog post.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Year in Review: Measles Linked to Disneyland
In our year in review, we look back at the highly publicized measles outbreak linked to Disneyland Resort Theme Parks in California. The outbreak quickly became a multi-state public health incident that resulted in a total of 147 cases. Among the reported measles cases, a majority of patients were unvaccinated or had an unknown or undocumented vaccination status. Read more about the outbreak, why measles is a big deal in the United States, and how you can protect yourself.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Give the Gift of Preparedness
As the holiday season quickly approaches and holiday shopping begins, find a gift that truly show those you love how much you care—the gift of preparedness. Check out Public Health Matters latest post for ideas on creating the perfect emergency kits for your friends and family.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Holiday Food Safety Tips
Holiday meals can be memorable, but it takes more than a great recipe to make those memories happy. Learn how to prepare your meal safely so that your holiday isn’t spent dealing with food poisoning. Check out our new Public Health Matters post for a list of common food safety mistakes and tips for preventing them.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - CDC’s Emergency Management Specialists
Meet Mark Hall, an emergency management specialist in CDC’s Division of Emergency Operations. Part of the Plans, Training, Exercise, and Evaluation Team — Mark and his team make sure CDC is prepared to respond to any public health emergency the agency may face.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 384 - Increases in Fentanyl Drug Confiscations and Fentanyl-related Overdose Fatalities
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) are investigating recent increases in fentanyl-related unintentional overdose fatalities in multiple states across the U.S. The purpose of this HAN advisory is to: (1) alert public health departments, health care providers, first responders, and medical examiners and coroners to the possibility of additional increases in other jurisdictions, (2) provide recommendations for improving detection of fentanyl-related overdose outbreaks and (3) encourage states to expand access to naloxone and training for administering naloxone to reduce opioid overdose deaths.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Looking Back: A Local Emergency Response to the 2010 Haiti Earthquake
Today people around the country participated in the national Shakeout earthquake drill. Public Health Matters looks back at the impact earthquakes can on people across the world by reflecting on the U.S. role in responding to the 2010 Haiti earthquake.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Keeping Cool Under Pressure: NYC Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreak, Summer 2015
In July 2015, after noticing a spike in reported cases of Legionnaires’ disease from clinics and hospitals in the Bronx, a team of city, state, and CDC epidemiologists (disease detectives), laboratory scientists, and environmental health experts sprang into action to identify the source and contain the outbreak. Read more about the largest outbreak in Legionnaires’ disease ever recorded in New York City history in the latest Public Health Matters post.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 383 - CDC/FDA Health Update about the Immediate Need for Healthcare Facilities to Review Procedures for Cleaning, Disinfecting, and Sterilizing Reusable Medical Devices
On September 11, 2015, CDC issued HAN 00382 alerting healthcare providers and facilities about the public health need to properly maintain, clean, and disinfect or sterilize reusable medical devices. Recent infection control lapses due to non-compliance with recommended reprocessing procedures highlight a critical gap in patient safety. Healthcare facilities (e.g., hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers, clinics, and doctors’ offices) that utilize reusable medical devices are urged to immediately review current reprocessing practices at their facility to ensure they (1) are complying with all steps as directed by the device manufacturers, and (2) have in place appropriate policies and procedures that are consistent with current standards and guidelines. After considering feedback from vendors that perform servicing and repair of reusable medical devices, we are amending HAN Advisory 382 to remove the following sentence: “If healthcare facilities contract maintenance and repair of these devices to third-party vendors, healthcare facilities should verify that these vendors are approved or certified by the manufacturer to provide those services.” We are making this change because there are currently no formal standardized programs or processes through which all manufacturers certify third-party vendors. We are also further clarifying that healthcare facilities which hire contractors to perform device reprocessing should verify that the contractor has an appropriate training program (i.e., consistent with what would be required in the healthcare facility) and that the training program includes the specific devices used by the healthcare facility.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Connecting Neighbors through Social Media
Social media has enhanced how public agencies and residents communicate in an emergency. Public safety agencies across the country are increasingly combining the power of social networks with the power of connected neighbors to help create safer, more resilient communities. Learn how your online communities may be a critical resource for emergency alerts and notifications in the latest Public Health Matters post

New: Public Health Matters Blog - The Healthy Traveler’s Mindset — Mitigating Risk and Embracing Adventure
As an international backpacker, Cullen Welch has been exposed to many experiences and foreign diseases that have challenged his health and immune system in ways he never expected—but he does not let these health risks slow him down. Instead he says, “I choose to be prepared by understanding how good hygiene, healthy habits, and vaccines can help me reduce these risks.” Read more about how Cullen prepares for everywhere, including his international travels, in the latest Public Health Matters blog.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Medicine Dispensing Exercise Held at Virginia Costco
Community preparedness requires participation from the entire community. Learn how public health and private sector partnerships can help local communities better prepare to respond to emergencies. The latest public health matters blog shows how one Virginia Costco is working with local public health partners to prepare for an emergency in which Costco’s warehouse could serve as a point of dispensing needed medications.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 382 - Immediate Need for Healthcare Facilities to Review Procedures for Cleaning, Disinfecting, and Sterilizing Reusable Medical Devices
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are alerting healthcare providers and facilities about the public health need to properly maintain, clean, and disinfect or sterilize reusable medical devices. Recent infection control lapses due to non-compliance with recommended reprocessing procedures highlight a critical gap in patient safety. Healthcare facilities (e.g., hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers, clinics, and doctors’ offices) that utilize reusable medical devices are urged to immediately review current reprocessing practices at their facility to ensure they (1) are complying with all steps as directed by the device manufacturers, and (2) have in place appropriate policies and procedures that are consistent with current standards and guidelines.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Frozen Without a Plan: A Mom, 3 Kids, and the Atlanta Ice Storm
For the first week of National Preparedness Month, CDC is encouraging people to think about their family emergency preparedness plans! In our latest Public Health Matters post, Kelly was stuck in her car overnight with her 5 year old and twin babies during the Atlanta ice storm. Make sure your family has an emergency plan, and don’t forget preparedness plans span beyond just your home—prepare for everywhere!

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Emergency Response 10 Years After Katrina
Remembering the historic events of the Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, CDC’s Deputy Director and Chief Medical Officer for CDC’s Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response Dr. Dan Sosin sat down with Public Health Matters to talk about his experience deploying to Louisiana as a member of the United States Public Health Service. Looking back on a decade of emergency preparedness and response, Dr. Sosin shares how public health emergency response has evolved over the past 10 years.

Upcoming COCA Call: CRE and C. difficile: Is Your Healthcare Facility Implementing the Necessary Approach to Stop the Spread?
We're at a tipping point: an increasing number of germs no longer respond to the drugs designed to kill them. Inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics and lack of infection control actions can contribute to drug resistant infections such as carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and put patients at risk for deadly diarrhea (caused by Clostridium difficile). Even if one facility is following recommended infection controls, germs can be spread inside of and between healthcare facilities when patients are transferred from one healthcare facility to another without appropriate actions to stop spread. During this call, clinicians will hear from some of the nation’s top clinical experts on preventing antibiotic resistant infections and improving antibiotic stewardship. Join the discussion to learn about best practices that can be implemented today to protect patients from these potentially deadly infections.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Back to School–Be Prepared!
It is that time of year again—time to get the kids ready to go back to school! As school supplies are stuffed in backpacks, school bus schedules are double-checked, and first day of school outfits are perfected, make sure your emergency plans are in place, too. Our latest Public Health Matters blog has tips for students and parents to be prepared in case an emergency happens during the school day.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Unveiling the Burden of Dengue in Africa
Most travelers to Africa know to protect themselves from malaria, but malaria is far from the only mosquito-borne disease threat. Recent studies have revealed that dengue, a disease that is well recognized in Asia and the Americas, may be commonly misdiagnosed as malaria in Africa. We still have much to learn about dengue in Africa, but learning where there is risk of dengue is the first step to avoiding it. Learn more in our latest blog post.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Getting there Safely—Avoid Driving Disasters
Whether it is a weekend getaway or cross-country road trip, travel plans will involve taking to the roads this summer. Be prepared for hazardous weather that can interrupt your plans and cause dangerous driving conditions.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Celebrating the Fourth of July: Be Healthy, Be Prepared
As you celebrate the 4th with patriotic pride, cooking out, fireworks, and enjoying time with friends and family—take a little time to think about preparedness!

New: Public Health Matters Blog - CDC Offers Hope in Fighting Brain-Eating Ameba
When 12-year-old Kali developed a nearly fatal infection caused by a “brain-eating” ameba known as Naegleria fowleri, her only hope of treatment was an investigational drug recently acquired by CDC’s Drug Service program. Read more about Kali’s story and the lifesaving CDC program that provides licensed physicians in the U.S. with investigational new drugs that are not readily available through pharmaceutical companies.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 381 - Clinical Considerations for the Evaluation of Ill Travelers from Liberia to the United States
CDC recommends that healthcare providers consider not only Ebola virus disease (EVD), but also other much more likely infectious diseases, including malaria, when evaluating ill travelers from Liberia to the United States. Signs and symptoms of EVD are non-specific and overlap with many other more prevalent infectious diseases in West Africa. For any patient returning from West Africa and presenting with non-specific signs and symptoms consistent with EVD, providers should use clinical judgment, taking into account the patient’s epidemiological history for management, diagnostic testing, and treatment and coordinate healthcare as needed with the state or local health department to ensure that these patients get appropriate care without delay. The rapid identification of the cause of an acute illness in a Person Under Investigation (PUI) enables rapid treatment and resolution of symptoms.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Tiny Turtle–Serious Health Threat
Wild or pet turtles may be cute and fun to pick-up and play with, but they can carry bacteria that may make you seriously sick. Turtles, particularly small turtles, can carry Salmonella—the bacteria that causes salmonellosis. In 2012, there were eight multi-state outbreaks of turtle-associated salmonellosis in the U.S. and in Puerto Rico, resulting in 78 hospitalizations; 70% of those affected were children under age 10. Learn about the laws in place to prevent turtle-associated salmonellosis in the U.S. in the latest Public Health Matters post.

Upcoming COCA Call: Clinical Updates with a Global Perspective
During this COCA call, clinicians will receive guidance for healthcare providers presented with a patient who has traveled from Liberia in the last 21 days. Clinicians will get guidance on taking thorough histories (covering health, travel, and exposure) and on using clinical judgment to evaluate patients based on those histories and their symptoms, and will be advised to consider other illnesses occurring among travelers returning from West Africa in the differential diagnosis, including malaria.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 380 - Updated Information and Guidelines for Evaluation of Patients for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) Infection
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) continues to work with the World Health Organization (WHO) and other partners to closely monitor Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) globally, including the cases of MERS-CoV infection recently reported by China and the Republic of Korea, to better understand the risks to public health. The purpose of this HAN Advisory is to provide updated guidance to state health departments and healthcare providers in the evaluation of patients for MERS-CoV infection, which have been revised in light of the current situation in the Republic of Korea. Healthcare providers and public health officials should maintain awareness of the need to consider MERS-CoV infection in ill persons who have recently traveled from countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula1 or in the Republic of Korea as outlined in the guidance below. Please disseminate this information to healthcare providers, especially infectious diseases specialists, intensive care physicians, internists, infection preventionists, and to emergency departments and microbiology laboratories.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - The Anatomy of an HIV Outbreak Response in a Rural Community
In a small, rural town in Southern Indiana, a public health crisis emerges. In a community that normally sees fewer than five new HIV diagnoses a year, more than a hundred new cases are diagnosed and almost all are coinfected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Learn more about how this outbreak was discovered and what caused this widespread transmission in the latest Public Health Matters post.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 379 - Ciprofloxacin- and Azithromycin-Nonsusceptible Shigellosis in the United States
CDC continues to receive new reports of infections with Shigella strains that are not susceptible to ciprofloxacin and/or azithromycin, the antimicrobial agents most commonly used to treat shigellosis. Most cases have been reported among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (collectively referred to as MSM) in Illinois, Minnesota, and Montana and among international travelers, but cases are also occurring among other populations. Shigellosis is very contagious and can spread quickly through communities and across different segments of the population. CDC recommends meticulous handwashing and other hygiene practices to prevent shigellosis and encourages patients with symptoms of shigellosis such as diarrhea and fever to visit a healthcare provider. Clinicians should obtain stool cultures from patients suspected of having shigellosis, counsel patients about shigellosis prevention, and, when treatment is required, select drugs based on antimicrobial susceptibility test results.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - CDC’s CERC Program—Principles to communicate by in an emergency response and everyday life
During an emergency if you are not armed with the right tools to communicate critical information, a situation can quickly go from bad to worse. Whether you are dealing with a family emergency or communicating critical information during a natural disaster, CDC’s Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication (CERC) can provide you with guidance and tips on how to get the right information to the right people at the right time. Checkout our latest Public Health Matters blog to learn more about how public health professionals have put their CERC training into action.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 378 - Bird Infections with Highly-Pathogenic Avian Influenza A (H5N2), (H5N8), and (H5N1) Viruses: Recommendations for Human Health Investigations and Response
Highly-pathogenic avian influenza A H5 viruses have been identified in birds in the United States since December 2014. The purpose of this HAN Advisory is to notify public health workers and clinicians of the potential for human infection with these viruses and to describe CDC recommendations for patient investigation and testing, infection control including the use personal protective equipment, and antiviral treatment and prophylaxis.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: May 11 – May 26, 2015
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for May 26, 2015

New: Public Health Matters Blog - ¡Socorro! Auxílio! Communicating with Vulnerable and Limited English Proficiency Populations during Emergencies
With this month’s issue of CDC Vital Signs, focused on Hispanic Health, Public Health Matters decided to take a look at how Hispanics, specifically those with limited English proficiency, were impacted by emergencies. Read more about the language barriers that may be preventing this vulnerable population from getting critical emergency medical attention and what can be done to fix it in our latest post.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - What Global Polio Eradication could mean for your Health Security
While it is often the unfamiliar and rare diseases that are thrown into the public spotlight as global health security threats, infectious diseases of all types can be a danger to public health—even a virus that has not been present in the United States for over 30 years, like polio. Learn more about how ending polio worldwide could better protect your global health security in the latest Public Health Matters blog.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 377 - Outbreak of Recent HIV and HCV Infections among Persons Who Inject Drugs
The Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are investigating a large outbreak of recent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections among persons who inject drugs (PWID). Many of the HIV-infected individuals in this outbreak are co-infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). The purpose of this HAN Advisory is to alert public health departments and healthcare providers of the possibility of HIV outbreaks among PWID and to provide guidance to assist in the identification and prevention of such outbreaks.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Clarity on Cholesterol Management and Why We Need It
Dr. Jennifer Robinson, a public health MD and Chair for the National Forum Cholesterol Initiative, shares her expert insight on new guidelines for treating blood cholesterol. Read more about how Dr. Robinson wants everyone to be armed with the information needed to live a long and healthy life, in the latest Public Health Matters blog.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: March 30 – April 13, 2015
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for April 13, 2015

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Take the Pledge to Improve your Community’s Preparedness
Have you considered your neighbors’ or community’s disaster preparedness in your emergency planning? Something as small as meeting your neighbors or joining an emergency response group in your community could greatly improve your own preparedness as well as the resilience of your community. Learn more about ways you can get involved in our latest blog post.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - The Great Thaw: looking back on Boston’s record-breaking winter
The city of Boston experienced one of the most severe winters to date this year—with 4 winter storms and over 108 inches of snow. Take a look into the city’s response and community resilience in our newest blog post, featuring Boston’s Public Health Commission.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - An Unsuspected Treat Contaminated with Listeria. How about them Caramel Apples?
When the first ever outbreak of listeria in caramel apples occurred in the U.S. last year, CDC’s Listeria Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) Project set out to crack the case. With the help of local and state health departments and the FDA, CDC’s public health investigators conducted laboratory, epidemiological, and trace back investigations to identify the source of the outbreak and prevent future cases. Take an inside look into this investigation in our latest blog.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Making a Norovirus Vaccine a Reality
In the U.S. a person is likely to get the norovirus about five times in their life. This virus, often called “food poisoning” or the “stomach flu,” causes stomach pains, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. Chances are you have experienced it before, and hope you never experience it again. Wouldn't it be nice if there was a vaccine that could prevent you from getting norovirus in the first place? Learn how CDC is working to make this a reality in our latest blog post.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: February 17 – March 2, 2015
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for March 2, 2015

NEW: COCA Email Updates: February 2 – February 17, 2015
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for February 17, 2015

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Keeping your Emergency Kit Nutritious
March is National Nutrition Month, and a great time to review the food in your emergency kit to make sure it is healthy and safe. Learn more about the foods you should choose for your emergency food supply and the best way to safely store your emergency kit food in our latest blog.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: January 20 – February 2, 2015
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for February 2, 2015

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Introducing CDC’s New Director of Public Health Preparedness and Response
Great work starts with a great leader. CDC’s Office of Public Health and Response, OPHPR, is privileged to welcome a great leader to our team, Director Rear Admiral Stephen C. Redd, MD. Learn more about Dr. Redd’s background at CDC and plans for the future of OPHPR in our new blog post.

Upcoming COCA Call: Emergency Preparedness for Clinicians - From Guidelines to the Front Line
Natural disasters, industrial accidents, terrorism attacks, and pandemics all have the capacity to result in large numbers of critically ill or injured patients. A barrage of patients with various clinical needs can quickly exhaust the care delivery capacity of a healthcare system. It is important for clinicians to have a disaster response plan that addresses approaches to maintaining quality care during times of patient surge and resource scarcity. During this COCA Call, participants will learn about the series of suggestions that focus on the management of multiple critically ill patients during a disaster or pandemic, and the importance of collaboration among front-line clinicians, hospital administrators, professional societies, and public health or government officials.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - On the Track: How Games Can Help Make Us Disaster Ready
Jenny Gottstein takes a new approach to emergency preparedness by using interactive games to offer people a more social, memorable and fun way to tackle disaster preparedness. Checkout what Jenny’s recent cross-country train trip taught her about how games can be used to help people prepare for disaster in our latest blog post.

Upcoming COCA Call: Measles 2015: Situational Update, Clinical Guidance, and Vaccination Recommendations
From January 1 to February 6, 2015, 121 people from 17 states and Washington DC were reported to have measles. Most of these cases are part of a large, ongoing multi-state outbreak linked to an amusement park in California; however, unlinked importations continue to occur. The majority of the people who got measles were unvaccinated or did not know their vaccination status. This highly contagious, acute viral illness spreads quickly in unvaccinated populations, highlighting the importance of protecting children and adults against measles in the U.S. through vaccination. During this COCA call, clinicians will learn about the current measles situation in the US. In addition, they will learn about clinical guidelines for patient assessment and management, and age-appropriate vaccination recommendations for US residents including those who travel abroad.

Upcoming COCA Call: Protecting Children: Influenza Updates for Clinicians
A recent analysis by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has found influenza A (H3N2) viruses are the predominant strain this year, and a little more than half of samples analyzed were found to be antigenically different (drifted) from the H3N2 vaccine strain. During this COCA Webinar, clinicians will learn about the current state of flu activity related to children, the importance of continued vaccination despite the mismatch and low vaccine effectiveness, and strategies for using antiviral therapy early to prevent and treat influenza.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - 11 Winter Weather Tips : As Told by Adorable Dogs
For some of us, this winter has been anything but picturesque, let alone adorable. As winter stretches on, the latest Public Health Matters blog will remind you of the importance of winter safety… with a few cute puppies thrown in for good measure. Check out the blog for tips on everything from avoiding frostbite or heating your home safely.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 376 - U.S. Multi-state Measles Outbreak, December 2014-January 2015
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and State Health Departments are investigating a multi-state outbreak of measles associated with travel to Disneyland Resort Theme Parks (which includes Disneyland and Disney California Adventure). The purpose of this HAN Advisory is to notify public health departments and healthcare facilities about this measles outbreak and to provide guidance to healthcare providers. Healthcare providers should ensure that all of their patients are current on MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine. They should consider measles in the differential diagnosis of patients with fever and rash and ask patients about recent international travel or travel to domestic venues frequented by international travelers. They should also ask patients about their history of measles exposures in their community. Please disseminate this information to healthcare providers in hospitals and emergency rooms, to primary care providers, and to microbiology laboratories.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: January 5 – January 20, 2015
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for January 20, 2015

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Mapping for Ebola: A Collaborative Effort
Inadequate or non-existing maps of remote areas in West Africa are just one of the issues faced by teams responding to Ebola. Find out how volunteers from around the world are using an online mapping platform to create detailed maps of remote areas in Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and parts of Mali.

Upcoming COCA Call: 2014–2015 Influenza Activity and Antiviral Recommendations
The latest FluView report indicates that flu activity remains high in the United States and is now widespread in 46 states and Guam. It has been recognized for many years that people 65 years and older are at higher risk of serious complications from the flu, and this flu season the hospitalization rates in this age group are climbing steeply. CDC recommends that all hospitalized and high risk patients (either hospitalized or outpatient) with suspected influenza should be treated as soon as possible with one of three available influenza antiviral medications, without waiting for confirmatory influenza testing. During this COCA Webinar, clinicians will learn about 2014-2015 influenza activity, hear a summary of CDC’s current antiviral recommendations, and gain insight into data that inform the antiviral recommendations.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 375 - CDC Health Update Regarding Treatment of Patients with Influenza with Antiviral Medications
Widespread influenza activity is being reported in most U.S. states, with influenza A (H3N2) viruses most common. H3N2-predominant flu seasons have been associated with more hospitalizations and deaths in older people and young children in the past. In addition, approximately two-thirds of H3N2 viruses that have been tested at CDC are antigenically or genetically different from the H3N2 vaccine virus. This difference suggests that vaccine effectiveness may be reduced this season. High hospitalization rates are being observed, similar to what was seen during the 2012-2013 influenza season. Hospitalization rates are especially high among people 65 years and older. In this context, the use of influenza antiviral drugs as an adjunct to vaccination becomes even more important than usual in protecting people from influenza. Antiviral medications are effective in treating influenza and reducing complications. Antivirals are available and recommended, but evidence from the current and previous influenza seasons suggests that they are severely underutilized.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - CDC Ebola Training in Anniston
Mock Ebola treatment units, practice with PPE, and hands-on training are just a few aspects of CDC’s training for Ebola healthcare workers in Anniston, Alabama. Find out how CDC is preparing volunteer healthcare workers to serve on the frontline of the Ebola outbreak.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: December 29, 2014 – January 5, 2015
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for January 05, 2015

NEW: COCA Email Updates: December 22 – December 29, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for December 29, 2014

NEW: COCA Email Updates: December 15 – December 22, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for December 22, 2014

New: Public Health Matters Blog - A New Year to Prepare
As you make your list of resolutions this year, add these five simple preparedness resolutions to your list. Taking time to prepare for an emergency now could be the most important thing you do in 2015.

NEW: Ready Wrigley Mobile App
The Ready Wrigley mobile application has been designed to teach children about what to do in emergency situations. Critical information about emergencies is weaved into the mobile app using age-appropriate language and activities to teach children about preparedness and response.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: December 8 – December 15, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for December 15, 2014

NEW: COCA Email Updates: December 1 – December 8, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for December 8, 2014

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: HIV Care Continuum: Keeping the Spotlight on Screening, Prevention, and Treatment. Thursday, December 18, 2014 at 2:00 PM (ET)
Viral suppression is the goal of HIV medical care. Yet, in 2011, only 40% of people living with HIV received HIV medical care and only 30% achieved viral suppression. Many persons living with HIV are not in medical care or are undiagnosed. When patients with HIV are in medical care, they are more likely to be prescribed antiretroviral medications, achieve viral suppression, and have a normal lifespan. Clinicians play a critical role in helping their patients move through the HIV care continuum by influencing the likelihood of patients engaging in medical care. During this COCA Webinar, clinicians will learn about current strategies to engage patients in HIV testing, counseling and medical care.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - How Paramedics Could Improve Patient Care and Emergency Department Efficiency
During emergency situations, communication is critical to a patient’s care. Learn how researchers are addressing a critical gap in communication between paramedics and emergency departments in our latest blog post.

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: EMS and Ebola: Field Experience with Transporting Patients. Monday, December 15, 2014 at 2:00 PM (ET)
Healthcare systems across the United States are actively preparing to treat patients with Ebola. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) play an important role in the identification, assessment, and transportation of suspected or confirmed patients with Ebola. As designated treatment facilities, Emory University Hospital and the University of Nebraska Medical Center have received patients with confirmed Ebola. During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn about the field experiences of EMS personnel in the two jurisdictions and discuss unique planning considerations for EMS.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 374 - CDC Health Advisory Regarding the Potential for Circulation of Drifted Influenza A (H3N2) Viruses
Influenza activity is currently low in the United States as a whole, but is increasing in some parts of the country. This season, influenza A (H3N2) viruses have been reported most frequently and have been detected in almost all states. During past seasons when influenza A (H3N2) viruses have predominated, higher overall and age-specific hospitalization rates and more mortality have been observed, especially among older people, very young children, and persons with certain chronic medical conditions compared with seasons during which influenza A (H1N1) or influenza B viruses have predominated.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 373 - Fatal Gastrointestinal Mucormycosis in an Infant Following Ingestion of Contaminated Dietary Supplement – Connecticut, 2014
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and Connecticut Departments of Public Health and Consumer Protection are investigating a fatal case of gastrointestinal (GI) mucormycosis caused by Rhizopus oryzae in a premature infant. The infant received ABC Dophilus® Powder, a dietary supplement product containing viable microbial ingredients purchased from Solgar, Inc., Leonia, New Jersey. The product claimed to have “probiotic” properties and is marketed for infants and children. Subsequent testing of the same lot of unopened Solgar ABC Dophilus® Powder revealed contamination with Rhizopus oryzae. The purpose of this HAN advisory is to provide awareness about this fatal case of GI mucormycosis following ingestion of a contaminated dietary supplement and to provide guidance to state health departments and health care providers. Please disseminate this information to healthcare workers in neonatal intensive care units, hospital pharmacies, pediatricians, and primary care providers, as well as to microbiology and pathology laboratories.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 372 - Enhanced Airport Entry Screening and Active Post-Arrival Monitoring for People Traveling to the United States from Mali
On November 13, 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a travel alert (Level 2) for Mali following reports of a cluster of Ebola cases in Bamako, Mali, that were linked to a man who had become sick in Guinea and traveled to Bamako, Mali. CDC is working with the government of Mali, the World Health Organization (WHO), and other partners to control further spread of Ebola in Mali. In addition, CDC is working with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to expand enhanced entry screening at U.S. airports and post-arrival monitoring of people whose travel originates in Mali.

NEW: Hurricane Health & Safety Tip - November 17, 2014 - Clean Up and Prevent Mold Growth
After a hurricane, if the building is stable, you can open doors and windows to help dry out the building.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Multi-Language Emergency Warnings in Minnesota
Rapid adoption of technology is significantly changing the speed and accuracy of how information is processed and shared. Emergency education and communication departments are particularly benefitting from new technology. In our latest blog post, find out how Minnesota is addressing the emergency preparedness and response needs of their community by leveraging text-to-speech technology for multi-language alerts.

NEW: Hurricane Health & Safety Tip - November 10, 2014 - Hand Washing is Part of Hurricane Safety Too
Wash hands before handling food and whenever you stop working. Make sure you use a safe water source for washing.

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: Taking Action Against Cervical Cancer Through Early Detection and Vaccination. Thursday, November 20, 2014 at 2:00 PM (ET)
Cervical cancer is vastly preventable, but there are still women who develop and die from cervical cancer every year. Human papillomavirus (HPV) types associated with cervical cancer can be prevented through screening tests and HPV vaccination. These measures are effective to prevent HPV infection and highlight the importance of clinicians taking action to establish evidence-based practices in screening and vaccination. During this COCA Webinar, clinicians will learn about CDC’s HPV vaccination recommendations and the USPSTF cervical cancer screening recommendations.

NEW: Hurricane Health & Safety Tip - October 22, 2014 - Never Ignore an Evacuation Order
Make plans in advance to secure your home and keep your loved ones safe. Listen to local authorities for what to do in your area.

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: Approaches to Clinical Management for Patients with Ebola Treated in U.S. Hospitals. Monday, October 20, 2014 at 2:00 PM (ET)
The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa. A small number of patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been medically evacuated from West Africa to receive care in U.S. hospitals. The first imported case of Ebola was diagnosed in the United States in a person who had traveled from West Africa to Dallas, Texas and two secondary Ebola cases in health care workers have been identified as of October 14, 2014. CDC and our partners are taking precautions to prevent the spread of Ebola by sharing information with clinicians who may provide care for patients with EVD. During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn the clinical features and complications associated with Ebola and recommendations from Emory University Hospital and the University of Nebraska Medical Center on clinical management of patients with EVD.

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: Preparing for Ebola: What U.S. Hospitals Can Learn From Emory Healthcare and Nebraska Medical Center. Tuesday, October 14, 2014 at 2PM (ET)
The Ebola outbreak in West Africa has increased the possibility of patients traveling from the impacted countries to U.S. hospitals. A few patients with Ebola virus disease have been medically evacuated to receive care in U.S. hospitals. Recently, the first case of Ebola virus disease was diagnosed in the United States in a person who traveled to Dallas, Texas from West Africa; this patient passed away on October 8, 2014. CDC and our partners are taking precautions to prevent the spread of Ebola within the United States. During this COCA Call, the presenters will focus on healthcare systems preparedness, and participants will learn how Emory Healthcare and Nebraska Medical Center prepared for patients with Ebola and the lessons learned.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Business Pulse: 2014-2015 Flu Season
To celebrate the launch of Business Pulse: Flu Prevention, CDC Foundation President and CEO Charlie Stokes shares five flu prevention tips for businesses.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: September 22 – October 6, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for October 6, 2014

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 371 - Evaluating Patients for Possible Ebola Virus Disease: Recommendations for Healthcare Personnel and Health Officials
The first case of Ebola Virus Disease (Ebola) diagnosed in the United States was reported to CDC by Dallas County Health and Human Services on September 28, 2014, and laboratory-confirmed by CDC and the Texas Laboratory Response Network (LRN) laboratory on September 30. The patient departed Monrovia, Liberia, on September 19, and arrived in Dallas, Texas, on September 20. The patient was asymptomatic during travel and upon his arrival in the United States; he fell ill on September 24 and sought medical care at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas on September 26. He was treated and released. On September 28, he returned to the same hospital, and was admitted for treatment.

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: Neurologic Illness with Limb Weakness in Children. Friday, October 3, 2014 at 2PM (ET)
CDC is working closely with partners in Colorado and other state and local health departments to investigate an acute neurologic illness of unknown etiology occurring in children. Characterized by focal limb weakness and abnormalities of the spinal cord gray matter on MRI, a cluster of these illnesses was first reported from Colorado in September, 2014. These neurological findings are coincident with an increase of respiratory illnesses among children. During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn about the latest situation, surveillance, and CDC clinical guidance for testing, patient evaluation and case reporting.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: August 25 – September 8, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for September 8, 2014

NEW: COCA Email Updates: September 8 – September 22, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for September 22, 2014

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 370 - Acute Neurologic Illness with Focal Limb Weakness of Unknown Etiology in Children
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working closely with the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) and Children’s Hospital Colorado to investigate a cluster of nine pediatric patients hospitalized with acute neurologic illness of undetermined etiology. The illness is characterized by focal limb weakness and abnormalities of the spinal cord gray matter on MRI. These illnesses have occurred since August 1, 2014 coincident with an increase of respiratory illnesses among children in Colorado. The purpose of this HAN Advisory is to provide awareness of this neurologic syndrome under investigation with the aim of determining if children with similar clinical and radiographic findings are being cared for in other geographic areas. Guidance about reporting cases to state and local health departments and CDC is provided. Please disseminate this information to infectious disease specialists, intensive care physicians, pediatricians, neurologists, radiologists/neuroradiologists, infection preventionists, and primary care providers, as well as to emergency departments and microbiology laboratories.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Pet Preparedness
Countless disasters have shown that pet owners can quickly become a vulnerable population in the face of a natural disaster or emergency. With pets, the best way to protect your furry, scaly, or slimy family member is to plan ahead. Read our latest Public Health Matters Blog and use our tips as a guide to protect yourself, your family, and your pets.

NEW: Hurricane Health & Safety Tip - September 24, 2014 - When in Doubt, Throw it Out!
Throw away food that may have come in contact with flood or hurricane water. Learn about signs to look for to know whether food is safe.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 369 - Severe Respiratory Illness Associated with Enterovirus D68 – Multiple States, 2014
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working closely with hospitals and local and state health departments to investigate recent increases in hospitalizations of patients with severe respiratory illness. Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) has been detected in specimens from children with severe illness in Missouri and Illinois. Investigations into suspected clusters in other jurisdictions are ongoing. The purpose of this HAN Advisory is to provide awareness of EV-D68 as a possible cause of acute unexplained respiratory illness, and to provide guidance to state health departments and health care providers. Please disseminate this information to infectious disease specialists, intensive care physicians, pediatricians, internists, infection preventionists, and primary care providers, as well as to emergency departments and microbiology laboratories.

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: Enterovirus D68 in the United States: Epidemiology, Diagnosis & Treatment. Tuesday, September 16, 2014 at 2PM (ET)
Hospitals across the U.S., especially in Missouri and Illinois, are seeing more children with severe respiratory illness caused by enterovirus D68 (EV-D68). Several states are also investigating similar clusters of severe respiratory illness. There are no vaccines for preventing EV-D68 infections. Clinicians should consider EV-D68 as a potential cause of clusters of severe respiratory illness, particularly in children. During this COCA call, clinicians will learn about the current EV-D68 situation in the U.S., laboratory testing, reporting suspected clusters, and approaches to prevention and treatment.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Emergency Planning for All Abilities
At CDC, we work to make sure people of all abilities – including those with disabilities – are prepared for an emergency. Many people with disabilities and their caregivers do not plan for disasters or are not included in disaster planning by government organizations, communities, or private sector companies. To make sure the needs of people with disabilities are met in disasters, find out what all of us - caregivers, emergency responders, health professionals, and individuals with disabilities – should focus on in our new blog post.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for September 9, 2014 - Prepare for Power Outages
Have a battery-powered or hand-cranked radio available to receive official instructions and updates from local authorities if the power goes out.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Children Are Not Little Adults
Children have a number of unique characteristics that make them different from adults, and these differences may not be well understood by public health or emergency management professionals, or even clinicians. Dr. Steven Krug, Chairperson of the American Academy of Pediatrics Disaster Preparedness Advisory Council, discusses why children are not "little adults" in our second Preparedness Month blog post.

NEW: Hurricane Health & Safety Tip - September 2, 2014 - Prepare Your Home Before a Hurricane
Make plans in advance to secure your home. Protect your windows by installing hurricane shutters or board up windows with plywood.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - 3 Simple Steps to Protect Your Family
Keeping children safe in emergency situations starts at home. Whatever the emergency, protect your family with these 3 simple steps. Know what you need, what to do, and how to communicate in an emergency.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: August 11 - August 25, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for August 25, 2014

New: Public Health Matters Blog - On the Ground in Nigeria: Ebola Response
On the ground in Nigeria, CDC staffer Lisa talks about the hurdles of setting up an emergency operations center for the Ebola outbreak in a city nervous and scared about the spread of the disease.

New: Emergency Preparedness & Response now available in Spanish
Emergency Preparedness and Response main page is now available in Spanish. This centralized resource offers highlights, tips, and links to Spanish content.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 368 - CDC Ebola Response Update #4
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with other U.S. government agencies, the World Health Organization, and other domestic and international partners in an international response to the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa. This document summarizes key messages about the outbreak and the response. It will be updated as new information becomes available and distributed regularly. Please share the document with others as appropriate.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - 5 Days at Memorial: Q&A with author Sheri Fink
On the ninth anniversary of the landfall of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, we chat with Dr. Sheri Fink, author of Five Days at Memorial, about how far we've come and how far we still have to go when it comes to preparedness.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for August 25, 2014 - Emergency Food Supplies
Some kinds of foods are better than others for emergency food supplies. Learn more about what to put in your emergency food supply.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 367 - CDC Ebola Response Update #3
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with other U.S. government agencies, the World Health Organization, and other domestic and international partners in an international response to the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa. This document summarizes key messages about the outbreak and the response. It will be updated as new information becomes available and distributed regularly. Please share the document with others as appropriate.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 366 - CDC Ebola Update #2
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with other U.S. government agencies, the World Health Organization, and other domestic and international partners in an international response to the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa. This document summarizes key messages about the outbreak and the response. It will be updated as new information becomes available and distributed regularly. Please share the document with others as appropriate.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Ready CDC
While CDC encourages the public to be aware of personal and family preparedness, not all CDC staff practice what they preach. In an effort to increase personal preparedness as part of workforce culture, CDC created the Ready CDC initiative. Targeting the CDC workforce living in metropolitan Atlanta, this program recently completed a pilot within the organization and is evaluating improvements for personal preparedness actions.

NEW: Hurricane Health & Safety Tip - August 18, 2014 - Stay Safe During Hurricane Clean-up
Cleaning and sanitizing your home after a hurricane or emergency is important to help prevent the spread of illness and disease. Find out how much bleach to use to clean and sanitize surfaces around the home.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 365 - CDC Ebola Update #1
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with other U.S. government agencies, the World Health Organization, and other domestic and international partners in an international response to the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa. This document summarizes key messages about the outbreak and the response. It will be updated as new information becomes available and distributed regularly. Please share the document with others as appropriate.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Mental Health and Recovery
After Joplin, MO was devastated by an F5 tornado in 2011, it was more than physical injuries that needed to be addressed. Read more about the importance of psychological first aid and coping with disasters in our latest blog post.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for August 11, 2014 - Create an Emergency Water Supply
Keep at least a three-day water supply on hand for emergencies. If you're not using factory-sealed water containers, properly wash, sanitize, and rinse water storage containers before a disaster strikes.

Clinicians and healthcare providers: CDC will host a Twitter chat TOMORROW Friday, August 8th from 2-3PM ET on what US hospitals need to know about Ebola and infection control. Follow @CDCgov on Twitter, and use the hashtag #CDCchat to participate in the chat.


Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: What U.S. Hospitals Need to Know to Prepare for Ebola Virus Disease. Tuesday, August 5, 2014 at 2PM (ET)
The recent Ebola virus disease (or Ebola hemorrhagic fever) outbreak in West Africa has increased the possibility of patients traveling from the impacted countries to U.S. hospitals. Additionally, two American citizens with Ebola virus disease are being medically evacuated to the United States to receive care in a U.S. hospital. During this COCA Call, clinicians will receive updates on the status of the outbreak in West Africa and guidance on what steps U.S. healthcare facilities can take to prepare for the possibility of caring for a patient with Ebola virus disease.

NEW: We know you have questions about #Ebola. Our CDC Disease Detectives will be available to answer them this afternoon in a special Twitter chat from 4:00-5:00pm ET. Follow @CDCgov on Twitter, and use the hashtag #CDCchat to participate in the chat.


NEW: Hurricane Health & Safety Tip - August 4, 2014 - Prevent Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Always use portable generators, camp stoves, barbecue and charcoal grills outside and at least 20 ft. away from windows, doors, and vents to prevent deadly CO poisoning.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 364 - Guidelines for Evaluation of US Patients Suspected of Having Ebola Virus Disease
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) continues to work closely with the World Health Organization (WHO) and other partners to better understand and manage the public health risks posed by Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). To date, no cases have been reported in the United States. The purpose of this health update is 1) to provide updated guidance to healthcare providers and state and local health departments regarding who should be suspected of having EVD, 2) to clarify which specimens should be obtained and how to submit for diagnostic testing, and 3) to provide hospital infection control guidelines. U.S. hospitals can safely manage a patient with EVD by following recommended isolation and infection control procedures. Please disseminate this information to infectious disease specialists, intensive care physicians, primary care physicians, hospital epidemiologists, infection control professionals, and hospital administration, as well as to emergency departments and microbiology laboratories.

NEW: Back-to-School Preparedness
It's back-to-school time. Parents, learn how to take a few extra steps to help children be prepared for emergencies. Get prepared and have a great school year.

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 363 - Ebola Virus Disease Confirmed in a Traveler to Nigeria, Two U.S. Healthcare Workers in Liberia
Nigerian health authorities have confirmed a diagnosis of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in a patient who died on Friday in a hospital in Lagos, Nigeria, after traveling from Liberia on July 20, 2014. The report marks the first Ebola case in Nigeria linked to the current outbreak in the West African countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. Health authorities also reported this weekend that two U.S. citizens working in a hospital in Monrovia, Liberia, have confirmed Ebola virus infection. These recent cases, together with the continued increase in the number of Ebola cases in West Africa, underscore the potential for travel-associated spread of the disease and the risks of EVD to healthcare workers. While the possibility of infected persons entering the U.S. remains very low, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises that healthcare providers in the U.S. should consider EVD in the differential diagnosis of febrile illness, with compatible symptoms, in any person with recent (within 21 days) travel history in the affected countries and consider isolation of those patients meeting these criteria, pending diagnostic testing.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for July 28, 2014 - Keep Food Safe
During a power outage, keep the refrigerator and freezer doors closed. More tips on food safety here.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - ADA Anniversary: Including People With Disabilities in Public Health
Join us as we celebrate the 24th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Our newest blog post honors the intent of the ADA as a critical platform of inclusion for people with disabilities. Read more about how to include people with disabilities into mainstream public health.

NEW: Hurricane Health & Safety Tip - July 21, 2014 - Returning Home After a Disaster
There are often many hazards in a hurricane-damaged home. Learn how to stay safe when it's time to return home.

NEW: Unaccompanied Children at the Border
CDC understands that people may have concerns about issues related to unaccompanied children from Central America who are crossing into the United States. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) are leading the humanitarian response, which includes housing, feeding, and providing necessary medical evaluation and treatment to protect public health. In support of HHS and DHS activities, CDC is providing consultation on medical screening, surveillance, and public health response when requested.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Prep Check! Lockheed Martin
Introducing Prep Check! Our new video series explores disaster preparedness at places that you visit, work, and play. Our first webisode took us to Lockheed Martin, where we learned what the company does to protect its organization and employees in an emergency. Check it out!

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for July 9, 2014 - Be Prepared
Inform local authorities about your special needs before a hurricane strikes.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for July 9, 2014 - Be Prepared for an Emergency
Learn about your community's emergency plans, warning signals, evacuation routes, and locations of emergency shelters.

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: Love the Pets, Not the Germs: CDC Update on Enteric Zoonoses - Thursday, July 17, 2014 at 2PM (ET)
Enteric illnesses are common, costly, preventable, and increasingly attributable to animal contact. Animals provide many benefits to people; however, even clean and healthy animals may be responsible for spreading germs such as Salmonella, E.coli O157:H7, and Cryptosporidium, some of the frequent causes of diarrheal illness in children and adults. During this COCA call, clinicians will learn about enteric zoonoses, and the 'One Health' approach to helping patients prevent illness and maintain optimal health.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: June 16 - June 30, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for June 30, 2014

NEW: CDC Blast Injury Mobile Application
This iPhone and iPad application supports pre-hospital and hospital healthcare providers and public health professionals in preparing for and responding to terrorist bombings and other mass casualty explosive events.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for June 30, 2014 - Prepare Your Car for Hurricane Season
Traveling this holiday? Now is a good time to make sure your car is ready for an emergency.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for June 26, 2014 - Do you live in a Wildfire Prone Area?
Learn how to protect your health during a wildfire with these tips: http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/wildfires/facts.asp.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Prep Rally Brings Preparedness Spirit to Moore, Oklahoma
In May 2013, deadly tornadoes swept Moore, Oklahoma, destroying homes and the very foundation of community that families had come to know. At the heart of the destruction were children, whose schools, parks, and child care facilities were damaged beyond recognition, and in some cases, blown away along with children's sense of routine and normalcy. Save the Children has spent the year in Moore, facilitating child care reconstruction and emotional recovery for children and caregivers long after the media cameras left. But as the one-year anniversary approached, the organization teamed up with local child care providers and PTA's to raise the spirits of the kids who bravely endured the tragedy.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: June 2 - June 16, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for June 16, 2014

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: Record High US Measles Cases: Patient Vaccination, Clinical Assessment and Management - Tuesday, July 1, 2014 at 2PM (ET)
In May 2014, the United States recorded the largest number of reported measles cases since 1994 and the number continues to rise. Most cases reported have been acquired in the U.S. and are associated with importations from countries where measles is still common. This highly contagious, acute viral illness spreads quickly in unvaccinated populations once reaching the U.S. The recent measles outbreaks highlight the importance of maintaining high vaccination coverage in the U.S. and ensuring age-appropriate vaccination for international travelers. During this COCA call, clinicians will learn the status of measles in the U.S. and CDC vaccination recommendations and guidelines for patient assessment and management.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for June 17, 2014 - Keep Important Documents in A Safe Place
Keep important papers together in a safe place. Take them with you if you need to evacuate.

NEW: Tsunamis Information in Spanish
Added a new Tsunamis resource in Spanish.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Goooal! How to Stay Safe When Traveling to the World Cup
Meta! That's Portuguese for goal, and it's a word you'll be hearing more often starting Thursday, June 12th, when the FIFA World Cup begins in Brazil. The World Cup is similar to the Olympics in regard to travel unknowns. If you make the trip, you'll be traveling to a foreign country where you might not be familiar with the language and have to deal with spread-out venues and large crowds. Although the spread of communicable diseases like flu are higher during events like this, the truth is that motor vehicle crashes are the number 1 killer of healthy U.S. citizens in foreign countries. Click for some last-minute tips and suggestions for having a safe World Cup.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for June 10, 2014 - Check Your Disaster Kit
Hurricane Season started June 1st. Remember to check your emergency kit from last season. Make sure that you have everything you need. Replace expired items such as food and medicine.

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: Healthy Swimming: Prevent and Treat Infections Caused by Brain-Eating Amebas and Chlorine-Tolerant Parasites - Thursday, June 19, 2014 at 2PM (ET)
Swimming and other water-related activities are popular during the summer. However, Naegleria fowleri, known as the brain-eating ameba, may be present in warm freshwater and can result in primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) - a rare disease that is almost always fatal. Additionally, the chlorine-tolerant parasite Cryptosporidium, is one of the most frequent causes of waterborne disease among humans in the United States. During this COCA call, clinicians will learn about PAM and diarrhea resulting from Cryptosporidium, how to prevent these diseases, and what to do if you suspect your patient has one of them.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for June 5, 2014 - Have a Hurricane Evacuation Plan
Decide ahead of time where you and your family will go if you have to evacuate. Know how to prepare your home and car before a hurricane arrives.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: May 19 - June 2, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for June 2, 2014

Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 362 - Guidance to US Clinicians Regarding New WHO Polio Vaccination Requirements for Travel by Residents of and Long-term Visitors to Countries with Active Polio Transmission
On 5 May 2014, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) accepted the recommendations of an Emergency Committee, declaring the international spread of polio to be a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) under the authority of the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) and issued vaccination requirements for travelers in order to prevent further spread of the disease. IHR is an international agreement among countries to prevent, protect or control the international spread of disease. All countries have agreed to be bound by recommended activities under IHR.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: May 5 - May 19, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for May 19, 2014

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: Interim Clinical Guidance and CDC Updates for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) Wednesday, May 28, 2014 at 2PM (ET)
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) has caused severe respiratory illness and death in several countries. All cases have been linked, through residence or travel, to countries in and near the Arabian Peninsula. Epidemiologic investigations have demonstrated that this virus can spread from person to person during close contact, such as within families and healthcare facilities. Investigations of the two imported cases of MERS in the US are ongoing. During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn about the latest situation, surveillance, travelers' health, and updates to CDC clinical guidance for testing, patient evaluation and infection control.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Neighbors Helping Neighbors
Medical Reserve Corps volunteer Rosalia Parada talks about using her job experience to aid her community during a TB investigation in our new blog post.

NEW: Lightning Information in Spanish (Los rayos)
Added a new resource for lightning readiness information in Spanish.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - An Unpredictable Spring
Spring came in like a lion and brought with it unpredictable weather. From strong storms to flooding, tornadoes, and wildfires, this spring has packed a punch. Because spring weather can be so unpredictable, it's a smart idea to be prepared now. Our new blog post has great tips for how you can be ready for spring weather.

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: CDC Update for Clinicians on Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Tuesday, May 6, 2014 at 2PM (ET)
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a virus that has caused severe respiratory illness and death in the Middle East. Epidemiologic investigations have demonstrated that this virus spreads from person to person during close contact, such as within families and healthcare facilities. The first case of imported MERS-CoV was reported last week in the state of Indiana. Clinicians have a critical role in recognizing and managing suspected cases of MERS-CoV. During this COCA Call, CDC subject matter experts will discuss the epidemiology, clinical signs, and infection control recommendations for MERS-CoV.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for May 5, 2014 - Avoid electrocution risks when using a generator to power your home.
Switch the main breaker or fuse on the service panel in your home to the "off" position before starting a gasoline or diesel generator. This will prevent supplying electricity to outside power lines from your generator, and help protect utility line workers from possible electrocution.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 361
Confirmed Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) Case in Indiana, 2014

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for April 28, 2014 - Stay healthy and safe when cleaning up after a storm.
Always use portable generators, camp stoves, barbecue, and charcoal grills outside and 20 feet away from windows, doors, and vents to prevent deadly CO poisoning.

NEW: Landslides and Mudslides Information in Spanish (Deslizamientos de tierra y aludes de barro)
Added a new resource for landslides and mudslides preparedness information in Spanish.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: April 7 - April 21, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for April 21, 2014

New: Public Health Matters Blog - America's PrepareAthon: Preparing for Disasters One at a Time
According to a poll done by Kelton Research in 2012, 9 out of 10 Americans expect a world disaster to occur in the next quarter century and 56% said they aren't prepared for it. Getting prepared can be as easy as putting a kit together, making a plan, and being informed. But it's also essential to know what type of emergencies are likely to occur in your area and during what time of the year. On Wednesday, participate in America's PrepareAthon, which highlights simple, specific steps individuals and organizations should take to increase their preparedness for a potential disaster.

NEW: Wildfires Information in Spanish (Incendios forestales)
Added a new collection of wildfires preparedness information in Spanish.

New: Public Health Matters Blog - Exercise! Exercise! Exercise!
You could say that those of us who work in preparedness are a little obsessed with making sure we've got our emergency kits stocked and ready, our emergency plans up to date, and our neighbors are ready too. So we've got a few households in Georgia ready for a public health emergency (and a few others around the country - don't forget about friends and family!), but how do we get the country ready? How do we get the government and other response organizations prepared? Check out our new Public Health Matters blog about how CDC participates in national exercises to assess and improve our preparedness.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for April 10, 2014 - Always follow local safety instructions during floods.
Pay attention to flood watches and warnings. Follow local safety instructions and take steps to protect you and your family.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: March 24 - April 7, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for April 7, 2014

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: Tickborne Diseases: A Springtime Review of Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention. Thursday, April 10, 2014 at 2PM (ET)
From May through July, people get tick bites and tickborne diseases more often than any other time of year in the United States. Tickborne diseases can cause symptoms that range from mild to life-threatening. Early recognition and treatment of tickborne diseases decreases the risk of serious complications. During this COCA call, CDC subject matter experts will describe the signs and symptoms, treatment, management, and prevention of tickborne diseases in the U.S., with an emphasis on Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for March 31, 2014 - Be Prepared
Do you have flood insurance? Call an insurance agent to ask about flood insurance.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: March 10 - March 24, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for March 24, 2014

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for March 24, 2014 - Prepare for Tsunamis
Do you live in a tsunami warning zone? Learn how to prepare for tsunamis and help your community become TsunamiReady. Learn more during National Tsunami Awareness Week.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Flood Safety Awareness Week 2014
Did you know flooding is the 2nd leading cause of weather related deaths in the U.S.? This week is Flood Safety Awareness week and we've got lots of great tips to keep you and your community safe. You can find more flood safety information on our latest blog post.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for March 17, 2014 - Turn Around, Don't Drown!
March 16-22 is Flood Safety Awareness Week. Remind loved ones never to drive through flood waters. Flood waters can be deeper than they seem and you may lose control of your car or truck. Learn more about staying safe during floods.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: February 24 - March 10, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for March 10, 2014

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Rabies Scare Leads to Quick Public Health Action
The heebie-jeebies aren't the only thing bats can give you. Learn how one hospital acted fast to investigate and prevent a possible outbreak of rabies.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for March 10, 2014 - Are you ready for spring severe weather?
Stay tuned for storm watches and warnings. Find out if your area has a local warning system. Review your family emergency plan and restock supplies. Encourage friends and loved ones to take steps now to be prepared.

NEW: Tornadoes Information in Spanish (Tornados)
Added a new collection of tornado preparedness information in Spanish.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - l'heure du spectacle: Film-based monkeypox outreach in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Starring in a PSA might not be your idea of fame, but using local actors can help drive a message home. Learn more about how CDC is working to educate people from the Democratic Republic of Congo on the dangers of monkeypox.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for March 3, 2014 - Be prepared for all natural disasters.
Winter weather is coming to an end. Take steps now to be prepared for all natural disasters.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - The Key to Community Preparedness: Pharmacists
Find out who the key player in community preparedness is based on new research from Emory University's Preparedness and Response Research Center.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: February 10 - February 24, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for February 24, 2014

NEW: Public Service Announcements (PSAs) in Spanish (Anuncios de servicio público)
Created a collection of disaster-related PSAs in Spanish.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for February 24, 2014 - Do you have questions about winter weather?
Visit our winter weather FAQs to learn about hypothermia, frostbite, wind chill and more.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Giving Students First Hand Experience
Learn how public health students are making an impact in the field of emergency preparedness and response. Our latest blog post highlights the work of Emory SORT students.

UPDATED: Winter Weather Public Service Announcements (PSAs) in Spanish (Anuncios de servicio público sobre el invierno)
Updated the collection of Winter Weather PSAs in Spanish including newly translated scripts and audio resources.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for February 10, 2014 - Returning home after a winter storm?
Follow these tips to stay safe while cleaning up after a disaster.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Keeping Tabs on Deadly Diseases
Labs across the country handle deadly disease like Ebola virus every day. CDC plays a key role in regulating who handles these diseases and keeping the public safe. Learn how in our latest post on Public Health Matters.

UPDATE: 2014 West Virginia Chemical Release
2014 West Virginia Chemical Release

NEW: 2013-2014 National Preparedness Snapshot
CDC produces this annual report to present a snapshot of public health preparedness and response activities. This report presents activities that occurred during 2012 and 2013.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: January 13 - January 27, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for January 27, 2014

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for February 3, 2014 - Avoid Electrocution Risks
When using gasoline and diesel generators to supply power to a building, switch the main breaker or fuse on the service panel to the "off" position before starting the generator. This will prevent supplying electricity to outside power lines from your generator, and help protect utility line workers from possible electrocution.

UPDATE: Emergency Preparedness and You
Many people are concerned about the possibility of a public health emergency such as a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or disease outbreak. You can take steps now to help you prepare for an emergency and cope if an emergency happens.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Lessons from Atlanta
Atlanta's thawing out, but what can we learn from this weeks snow disaster? Find out our top 5 lessons learned.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for January 27, 2014 - Avoid Frostbite
People who aren't dressed properly for extremely cold temperatures or who have reduced blood circulation are especially at risk for frostbite. Learn how to recognize frostbite and what to do about it.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Coming (Back) to America? What 2013 Can Teach Us About Dengue in the United States
Did you think dengue fever was something you could only get in tropics? Think again, in 2013 dengue was linked to Florida, Texas, California, and NYC. So how do you protect yourself from "break-bone fever"?

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for January 22, 2014 - Learn How to Recognize Hypothermia
Did you know that hypothermia can occur even at temperatures above 40 degrees Fahrenheit if a person becomes chilled? Learn how to recognize hypothermia and what to do about it.

Upcoming COCA Call/Webinar: 2013-2014 Influenza Season: Updates and Recommendations for Clinicians - Thursday, January 23 at 2PM (ET)
This influenza season, CDC has received a number of reports of severe respiratory illness among young and middle-aged adults, many of whom were infected with influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 (pH1N1) virus. Multiple pH1N1-associated hospitalizations, including many requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and some fatalities have been reported. For the 2013-14 season, if pH1N1 virus continues to circulate widely, illness that disproportionately affects young and middle-aged adults may occur. Annual influenza vaccination is recommended for all persons aged 6 months and older, and is the best way to prevent influenza.

NEW: 2014 West Virginia Chemical Release
2014 West Virginia Chemical Release

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 360
Human Infection with Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Virus

NEW: COCA Email Updates: December 30, 2013 - January 13, 2014
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for January 13, 2014

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for January 13, 2014 - Take care of your Pets During Winter Weather
If you have pets, bring them indoors. When you're cold enough to go inside, they probably are too. If you cannot bring them inside, provide adequate shelter to keep them warm and make sure that they have access to unfrozen water.

NEW: Winter Weather Public Service Announcements (PSAs) in Spanish
Four Winter Weather Public Service Announcements (PSAs) in Spanish including audio files for downloading.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for January 6, 2014 - Be Safe With Chainsaws
After a winter storm, you may have to remove fallen trees. If you use a chainsaw to cut them, be careful; chainsaws can be very dangerous. Follow the instructions in the manual to safely operate the chainsaw and wear protective gear.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for December 30, 2013 - Avoid CO Poisoning
Always use portable generators, camp stoves, barbecue, and charcoal grills outside and 20 feet away from windows, doors, and vents to prevent deadly CO poisoning.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 359
Notice to Clinicians: Early Reports of pH1N1-Associated Illnesses for the 2013-14 Influenza Season

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Do 1 Thing: First Aid
All year we've been updating our blog with posts from the "Do 1 Thing" series. This month marks our last update, check it out and let us know if you managed to stay on task each month!

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for December 23, 2013 - Are you traveling for the holidays?
Now is a good time to make sure your car is ready for an emergency. To prepare for winter weather keep warm clothes, a shovel, a windshield scraper, food, flares, booster cables, maps, tools, a first aid kit, and a flashlight in your car.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for December 16, 2013 - Get Prepared!
Encourage your friends and family to get prepared for winter weather with an e-card. Include a personalized message encouraging them to stock up on emergency supplies.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 358
Notice to Public Health Officials and Clinicians: Recognizing, Managing, and Reporting Chikungunya Virus Infections in Travelers Returning from the Caribbean

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Outbreak of Meningitis Causing Health Officials to Look Overseas for Help
An outbreak of meningitis, more specifically meningococcal disease, has been appearing on a college campuses, causing officials to look overseas for help. Read more about how CDC proposes halting further spread of the disease.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for December 9, 2013 - Want to help keep people safe and healthy this winter?
Grab the Winter Weather widget for your website to share health and safety information from the CDC.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Winter is Coming... Be Ready
With winter bearing down on most of the country this week, it's a great time to make sure you're ready for cold weather.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for December 2, 2013 - Are You Prepared for Winter Weather?
Make sure you have a battery-powered and/or NOAA weather radio, at least a week's worth of food and safety supplies, a water supply, and a way to heat your home in case a winter storm hits.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 357
Notice to Healthcare Providers: Recognizing and Reporting Serogroup B Meningococcal Disease Associated with Outbreaks at Princeton University and the University of California at Santa Barbara

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Do 1 Thing: Emergency Supplies
How's your emergency supply? Learn what you need to prepare in our lasted post, part of the Do 1 Thing blog series.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for November 25, 2013 - Be Prepared for All Natural Disasters
The 2013 Hurricane Season ends on November 30. Take steps to be prepared for all natural disasters!

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Flu Fighting Facts: How to stay healthy this flu season
True or false you can get the flu from the flu vaccination? Learn the answer to this and other flu fighting facts on our latest blog post.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for November 18, 2013 - Clean Up and Prevent Mold Growth
After a hurricane, if the building is stable, you can open doors and windows to help dry out the building.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Typhoon Haiyan: A look at public health’s role in disaster recovery
CDC's thoughts are with those affected by Typhoon Haiyan. Our latest blog post considers the role of public health following a major disaster.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for November 12, 2013 - Hand Washing is Part of Hurricane Safety Too
Wash hands before handling food and whenever you stop working. Make sure you use a safe water source for washing.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for November 04, 2013 - Be Safe After a Disaster
Stay away from damaged buildings or structures until they have been examined and certified as safe by a building inspector or other government authority. Leave immediately if you hear shifting or unusual noises that signal that the structure could fall.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Do 1 Thing: Power
If the power goes out, are you ready? This month for Do 1 Thing, we tackle small things you can do to be ready for a power outage - flashlights, car chargers, generator safety, food safety, and more. Learn more in our latest blog post.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for October 28, 2013 - Cleaning Up After a Disaster
Stay safe when cleaning up after a disaster. Make sure you have the right protective gear for the job.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - American Blackout
Sunday night the National Geographic Channel is debuting a movie chronicling what happens to five groups of people during a 10-day power outage. From blackouts to natural disasters, there have been over 60 wide-scale power outages since 2000, affecting hundreds of millions of people. To help viewers be ready for an emergency, CDC has teamed up with National Geographic to air preparedness message during the movie. Find out more in our latest blog.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Just One Breath: How Voices of Valley Fever Were Heard Coast to Coast
One year ago, valley fever was a disease that few people had heard of outside of Arizona or Central California. But if you live in one of the 15 states required to report cases of the disease to the CDC, you have a greater chance of getting valley fever than you do AIDS, hepatitis, or Lyme disease. What is it? Find out more in our latest blog.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for October 21, 2013 - Power Outages
During a Hurricane Make sure that you have a battery-powered or hand-cranked radio available to receive official instructions and updates from local authorities if the power goes out.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for October 17, 2013 - Never Ignore an Evacuation Order
Make plans in advance to secure your home and keep your loved ones safe. Listen to local authorities for what to do in your area.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) No. 356
Acute Hepatitis and Liver Failure Following the Use of a Dietary Supplement Intended for Weight Loss or Muscle Building

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for October 4, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for September 30, 2013 - Check Your First Aid Kit
Have you used any First Aid supplies this hurricane season? Make sure you have essential first aid items such as bandages, antibiotic ointment, scissors, etc. Don't forget to check expiration dates too!

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Do 1 Thing: Be Informed
Staying informed is critical to making safe decisions in an emergency. There are many ways to stay informed, from staying connected to information from local authorities to knowing how your community alerts residents of dangerous situations.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: September 9-23, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for September 23, 2013

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for September 23, 2013 - Emergency Food Supplies
Some kinds of foods are better than others for emergency food supplies. Foods that don’t need cooking, water, or refrigeration are best. Learn more about what to put in YOUR emergency food supply.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for September 16, 2013 - Learn How to Properly Store Water During an Emergency
Keep at least a three-day water supply on hand for emergencies. If you're not using factory-sealed water containers, properly wash, sanitize, and rinse water storage containers before a hurricane comes.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Helping Children Cope With a Disaster
It is difficult to deal with something that you don't understand. Children often become distressed after a disaster, especially if it has directly impacted them or someone they care about. They may also feel sad or sorry for others and want very much to help them.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: August 26 - September 9, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for September 9, 2013

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for September 9, 2013 - Cleaning up after an Emergency?
Cleaning and sanitizing your home after a hurricane or emergency is important to help prevent the spread of illness and disease.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for September 6, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health and Safety Tips - September 5, 2013 - Prepare for Power Outages
Have a battery-powered or hand-cranked radio available to receive official instructions and updates from local authorities if the power goes out.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #355
Recurrent Nationwide Shortage of Tuberculin Skin Test Antigen Solutions: CDC Recommendations for Patient Care and Public Health Practice

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Dobbins Air Reserve Base: Hurricane Katrina
After Hurricane Katrina, the National Medical Disaster System was activated for the first time. Evacuees were sent from the Gulf Coast to Dobbins Air Reserve Base via military transport.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for September 3, 2013 -Emergency Food Supplies
Some kinds of foods are better than others for emergency food supplies. Learn more about what to put in your emergency food supply.

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for August 30, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation information now available in Spanish.
Added select information in Spanish from 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation (Investigacion de un brote de ciclosporosis en los Estados Unidos)

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health and Safety Tips - August 29, 2013 - Prepare Your Home Before a Hurricane
Make plans in advance to secure your home. Protect your windows by installing hurricane shutters or board up windows with plywood.

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation - Laboratory Guidance
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Do 1 Thing: Get Involved
Get involved and help make your community more disaster resilient!

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for August 26, 2013 - Create an Emergency Water Supply
Keep at least a three-day water supply on hand for emergencies. If you're not using factory-sealed water containers, properly wash, sanitize, and rinse water storage containers before a disaster strikes.

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: August 12 to 26, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for August 26, 2013

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #354
Investigational Drug Available Directly from CDC for the Treatment of Free-Living Ameba Infections

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for August 23, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health and Safety Tips - August 22, 2013 - Stay Safe During Hurricane Clean-up
Cleaning and sanitizing your home after a hurricane or emergency is important to help prevent the spread of illness and disease. Find out how much bleach to use to clean and sanitize surfaces around the home.

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for August 19, 2013 - Be prepared for a Disaster
Keep at least a 3 day supply of nonperishable food and clean drinking water for each household member, including pets.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for August 16, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

NEW: Redesigned "Investigation of an Outbreak of Cyclosporiasis in the United States" website is now live.
Investigation of an Outbreak of Cyclosporiasis in the United States website

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health and Safety Tips - August 15, 2013 - Disinfecting Water
Learn how to correctly boil or disinfect water when hurricanes make the tap water unsafe.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - On the Scene: Wildfire Communication in Colorado
Do you know how to get in touch with your family in an emergency?Have you programmed your ICE numbers?

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: July 29 - August 12, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for August 12, 2013

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #353
Nationwide Voluntary Recall of All Products for Sterile Use from Compounding Pharmacy located in Cedar Park, Texas

UPDATE: 2013 Cyclosporiasis Investigation
Updated information related to CDC's participation in the 2013 Multistate Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigation.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #352
Notice to Healthcare Providers and Public Health Officials: Updated Guidance for the Evaluation of Severe Respiratory Illness Associated with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for August 12, 2013 - Prepare Your Home
Check your home for hazards before an emergency. Know how to safely turn off water, electricity, and gas if you need to.

UPDATE: CDCs Polio Eradication Efforts for August 9, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health and Safety Tips - August 8, 2013 -Prevent Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Always use portable generators, camp stoves, barbecue and charcoal grills outside and at least 20 ft. away from windows, doors, and vents to prevent deadly CO poisoning.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Evacukids
What's an EvacuKid? In our latest blog post, find out how Evacuteer is bringing preparedness to a younger generation and the importance of talking to kids about their experience with emergencies.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Upcoming COCA Call: Improving the Health of Children and Adults through Vaccines: Updates and Recommendations for Clinicians - Tuesday, August 13, 2013 at 2:00 PM (ET)
Vaccines prevent children and adults from potentially harmful or deadly diseases. To promote health and prevent disease, CDC publishes written recommendations for vaccinating children and adults. These recommendations are based on information from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). It is important for pediatric and adult providers to stay up to date on the most recent ACIP recommendations. During this webinar, a CDC subject matter expert will address recent vaccine recommendations along with available immunization resources.

NEW: Emergency Responder Health Monitoring and Surveillance (ERHMS) Online Training Course
Educational offering to provide a recommended health monitoring and surveillance framework.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for August 5, 2013 - Stay healthy and safe during a Wildfire
Protect yourself from smoke.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for August 2, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Do 1 Thing: Family Communication Plan
Do you know how to get in touch with your family in an emergency?Have you programmed your ICE numbers?

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health and Safety Tips - August 1, 2013 - When in Doubt, Throw it Out!
Throw away food that may have come in contact with flood or hurricane water. Learn about signs to look for to know whether food is safe.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: COCA Email Updates: July 15 - July 29, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for July 29, 2013

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for July 29, 2013 - Keep Food Safe
During a power outage, keep the refrigerator and freezer doors closed. More tips on food safety here.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - One new case and one new death reported.
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for July 26, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: WHO travel advice for pilgrimages to Saudi Arabia
New travel notice: WHO travel advice for pilgrimages to Saudi Arabia

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health and Safety Tips - July 25, 2013 - Returning Home After a Disaster
There are often many hazards in a hurricane-damaged home. Learn how to stay safe when it's time to return home.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Beat the Heat: Infographic
Summer is here and so are extreme temperatures. Get the facts on how to beat the heat with CDC's new infographic.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - No New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for July 22, 2013 - Protect Yourself and Your Loved Ones During a Wildfire
Get tips to stay safe and healthy if you are exposed to smoke from a wildfire.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for July 19, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - 6 New Cases Reported
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - The Reality of Outbreak Investigations: Dengue in Angola
Although the work of CDC employees is frequently glamorized in movies like Outbreak and Contagion, we face the same challenges as any other large, complex organization.

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health and Safety Tips - July 18, 2013 - Be Prepared
Inform local authorities about your special needs before a hurricane strikes.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - Two new cases reported.
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Upcoming COCA Call: Understanding the Public's Response to a Possible Scenario Involving Inhalation Anthrax - Tuesday, July 23, 2013 at 2:00 PM (ET)
In planning an effective response to a bioterrorism incident, it is critical to understand and anticipate the public's viewpoint, their perceptions of the threat and their intended behaviors. This includes their likelihood of taking recommended precautions and their likelihood of taking matters into their own hands. In particular, it is important to understand the perspective of racial/ethnic minority groups given that these communities may be disproportionately affected in a real attack. During this webinar, subject matter experts will discuss results from public opinion polls conducted between December 2012 to January 2013, which assessed how people would respond to a possible release of anthrax spores in an unidentified area.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: July 1 - July 15, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for July 15, 2013

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Animal Rescue: Caring for Animals During Emergencies
After a devastating hurricane in 2008, Texas A&M's Veterinary School formed a deployable veterinary emergency team. Find out more about the team, what they do, and how they work alongside first responders to rescue and treat animals after a disaster.

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for July 15, 2013 - Be Prepared for an Emergency
Learn about your community's emergency plans, warning signals, evacuation routes, and locations of emergency shelters.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health and Safety Tips - July 10, 2013 - Make a Plan
By completing a disaster plan in advance, you can help ensure that you and your loved ones are prepared for hurricanes and other emergencies.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Upcoming COCA Call: Prevention and Treatment of Injuries Following Hurricanes and Tornadoes - Thursday, July 11, 2013 at 2:00 PM (ET)
Injuries following tornadoes and hurricanes result in significant morbidity and mortality. Both CDC and State Health Departments play important roles in providing assistance in disaster preparedness and response, including pre-hospital transport decision making, injury surveillance, and emergency risk communication. Following hurricanes and tornadoes, it is critical to have alternative treatment sites, appropriate wound management, injury data collection, and health messaging to reduce injuries. During this COCA call, subject matter experts will discuss the current state of science and epidemiology and state level response, with specific examples from Florida.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Emergency Health and Safety Tip for July 8, 2013 - Stay Healthy During and After a Wildfire
Protecting yourself and your loved ones from smoke and other health hazards is very important during a wildfire. So is safely securing the area after a fire. Only go into a damaged home or apartment if authorities say it is safe. Don't eat, drink, or breathe in anything that has been near the fire's flames, smoke, soot, or water used to put the fire out.

NEW: WHO guidelines for investigation of MERS-CoV cases
New guidelines: WHO guidelines for investigation of MERS-CoV cases

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #351
Variant Influenza Virus (H3N2v) Infections

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for July 5, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Emergency Preparedness for Families with Special Needs
Coping with disasters is never easy; this can be especially true for families with special needs. Read our latest blog post where one mom talks about her experience and lessons learned during Hurricane Katrina.

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - July 3, 2013 - Prepare Your Car for Hurricane Season
Traveling this holiday? Now is a good time to make sure your car is ready for an emergency.

NEW: Redesigned MERS Web Site Available Now
A new version of the MERS Web site is now available with improved organization and navigation.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for July 1, 2013 - Do you live in a Wildfire Prone Area?
Learn how to protect your health during a wildfire with these tips:

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for June 28, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - June 27, 2013 - Keep Important Documents in A Safe Place
Keep important papers together in a safe place. Take them with you if you need to evacuate.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for June 24, 2013 - Keeping Food Safe
During a power outage, keep the refrigerator and freezer doors closed. More tips on food safety here.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for June 21, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #350
Recommendations for Laboratory Testing for Acetyl Fentanyl and Patient Evaluation and Treatment for Overdose with Synthetic Opioids

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - June 20, 2013 - Be Prepared for an Emergency
Learn about your community's emergency plans, warning signals, evacuation routes, and locations of emergency shelters.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths - NO NEW CASES TODAY
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Coping with Disasters
Coping with a disaster can be tough. Learn more about common distress symptoms and what signs to look for so you can help yourself and loved ones better cope.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: June 3 - June 17, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for June 17, 2013

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for June 17, 2013 - Stay Healthy During and After a Wildfire
Protecting yourself and your loved ones from smoke and other health hazards is very important during a wildfire. So is safely securing the area after a fire. Only go into a damaged home or apartment if authorities say it is safe. Don't eat, drink, or breathe in anything that has been near the fire's flames, smoke, soot, or water used to put the fire out.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for June 14, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - June 13, 2013 - Have a Hurricane Evacuation Plan
Decide ahead of time where you and your family will go if you have to evacuate. Know how to prepare your home and car before a hurricane arrives.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #349
Nationwide Shortage of Doxycycline: Resources for Providers and Recommendations for Patient Care

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

UPDATE: MERS Cases and Deaths
Updated cases and deaths related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for June 10, 2013 - Record Personal Belongings
Be prepared in case you need to file an insurance claim. Keep video, photo, or written records of your belongings.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #348
Notice to Health Care Providers: Updated Guidelines for Evaluation of Severe Respiratory Illness Associated with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #347
Human Infections with Avian Influenza A (H7N9) Viruses

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for June 7, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - June 6, 2013 - Check Your Disaster Kit
Hurricane Season started June 1st. Remember to check your emergency kit from last season. Make sure that you have everything you need. Replace expired items such as food and medicine.

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for June 3, 2013 - Are You Prepared for a Wildfire?
Check out our infographic for tips to stay safe and healthy during wildfire season.

Upcoming COCA Call: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV): Information and Guidance for Clinicians - Thursday, June 13, 2013 at 2:00 PM (ET)
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a newly identified virus that can cause severe acute respiratory illness and death. MERS cases have been linked to the Middle East, and there is documented spread of the virus internationally. So far, no cases of MERS have been reported in the United States. However, clinicians need to remain vigilant. Epidemiologic investigations have demonstrated that this unique virus spreads from person to person during close contact, such as within families and healthcare facilities. Clinicians have a critical role in recognizing and managing suspect cases of MERS. During this COCA call, a CDC subject matter expert will discuss the clinical signs, epidemiology and infection control recommendations for MERS-CoV.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for May 31, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Hurricane Sandy: What Have We Learned?
Last year Hurricane Sandy brought extreme devastation to the northeast. This year's hurricane season is predicted to bring more storms than we see on average, but will we be any more prepared? Our latest post on Public Health Matters explores what we've learned from last year.

NEW: 2013 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - National Hurricane Preparedness Week May 26 - June 1, 2013
Are You Prepared for Hurricane Season?

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for May 24, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Shipping Instructions for Specimens Collected from People Who May Have Been Exposed to Chemical-Terrorism Agents
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Shipping Instructions for Specimens Collected from People Who May Have Been Exposed to Chemical-Terrorism Agents

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - The Next Monopoly? What "Pandemic" teaches us about public health
Explaining what we do in public health can sometimes be a challenge to put into words, but why not act it out in the form of a game? In the latest Public Health Matters post, CDC Epidemiologist Sherline Lee explains how the board game Pandemic mirrors her work and opened a door for conversation with her friends.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: May 6 - May 20, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for May 20, 2013

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Do 1 Thing: Work, School, and Community
Disasters don't run on schedule, they can happen anywhere and at any time. Do you know what you would do if a disaster occurred while you were at work or school? This months Do 1 Thing tip is to focused on work, school and community. Read our latest blog post to learn what you can do to be ready.

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for May 20, 2013 - Make a List of Important Info
More severe weather is on the way. Make a list of important information to contact your family, neighbors, insurance agent, utility companies, and more. Keep your important documents in a fire and water proof safe.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for May 17, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for May 13, 2013 - Make a Plan
Complete a disaster plan in advance to help prepare you and your loved ones for emergencies and natural disasters.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for May 10, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: April 22 - May 6, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for May 6, 2013

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - From CDC to ABC: H7N9 from Hong Kong
Taking on the role of interim CDC director can be an intimidating task, but an impending pandemic can make the position exponentially more daunting. This is the situation Dr. Richard Besser faced in 2009 when he stepped into his new job. But Besser took the task head on and guided the country's premier health agency through the H1N1 outbreak with skill and confidence. Through this experience Besser saw first hand how important communication is to building the publics' trust and improving health behaviors.

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for May 6, 2013 - How to Clean Your Storm Cleanup Clothes
Wash all clothes worn during a flood cleanup in hot water and detergent. These clothes should be washed separately from uncontaminated clothes and linens.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for May 3, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - How do we balance being credible with rapidly sharing important health information during an outbreak?
An outbreak of salmonella in 2012 had Oregon public health officials considering this question.

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for April 29, 2013 - Avoid Electrocution When Using a Generator to Power Your Home
Switch the main breaker or fuse on the service panel in your home to the "off" position before starting a gasoline or diesel generator. This will prevent supplying electricity to outside power lines from your generator, and help protect utility line workers from possible electrocution.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for April 26, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATED: Ricin Information for Laboratories
Ricin Information for Laboratories.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Do 1 Thing: Food
This month, the Do 1 Thing topic is "food." CDC encourages storing enough food for at least three days if you have to evacuate, and a two week supply for your home. Check your food supply. Are you ready for an emergency?

UPDATED: Ricin or Abrin Poisoning - Toxic Syndrome Description
Ricin or Abrin Poisoning - Toxic Syndrome Description

NEW: COCA Email Updates: April 8 - April 22, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for April 22, 2013

UPDATED: CDC's Laboratory Response to Suspicious Substances
CDC's Laboratory Response to Suspicious Substances

UPDATED: Laboratory Testing for Ricin - Fact Sheet
Laboratory Testing for Ricin - Fact Sheet

UPDATED: Ricin: Diagnosis & Laboratory Guidance for Clinicians
Ricin: Diagnosis & Laboratory Guidance for Clinicians

UPDATED: Ricin Information for Health Professionals
Ricin Information for Health Professionals

UPDATED: Case Definition: Ricin Ingestion
Case Definition: Ricin Ingestion

UPDATED: Case Definition: Ricin Inhalation
Case Definition: Ricin Inhalation

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for April 22, 2013 - Prevent CO Poisoning
Always use portable generators, camp stoves, barbecue, and charcoal grills outside and 20 feet away from windows, doors, and vents to prevent deadly CO poisoning.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for April 19, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #346
Resources Available for Local and State Public Health Officials: Preparing for and Responding to Bombing Events

UPDATED: Facts About Ricin
Learn more about this substance in the news.

Upcoming COCA Call: CDC Update for Clinicians on Avian Influenza A (H7N9) Virus - Thursday, April 18, 2013 at 2:00 PM (ET)
The World Health Organization and CDC China, along with U.S. CDC are working together to investigate the avian influenza A (H7N9) virus cases detected in China. At this time, no cases of human infection with avian influenza A (H7N9) viruses have been detected in the United States. During this COCA Conference Call, a CDC subject matter expert will provide an update on the current H7N9 situation in China, review interim avian influenza A (H7N9) recommendations for clinicians and state and local health departments related to case investigation, testing, infection control, and treatment, and discuss what CDC is doing to closely monitor the situation. Dial in Number: 1-888-233-9077; Passcode 2082221

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Plague Inc.
James Vaughan, the creative mastermind behind the new mobile app Plague Inc. spoke at CDC last month. Find out what Vaughan had to say, how he developed the Plague Inc, and what he has coming up next.

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for April 15, 2013 - When in Doubt, Throw it Out!
After flooding, identify and throw away food that may not be safe to eat. Throw away any food that may have come in contact with flood or storm water. Throw away food that has an unusual odor, color, or texture; If the power has been off for 4 hours or more, throw away foods in your refrigerator. Throw away any canned foods that are bulging, opened, or damaged. When in doubt, throw it out. Learn more about food safety following a flood.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for April 12, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #345
Nationwide Shortage of Tuberculin Skin Test Antigens: CDC Recommendations for Patient Care and Public Health Practice

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for April 8, 2013 - Follow Local Instructions as Flood Waters Rise
Pay attention to flood watches and warnings. Follow local safety instructions and take steps to protect you and your family.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: March 25 - April 8, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for April 8, 2013

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for April 5, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #344
Human Infections with Novel Influenza A (H7N9) Viruses

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Emergency Kit Cook-Off: A Dash of Planning... Pinch of Preparedness... a World of Difference
Love to cook? Check out the Emergency Kit CookOff, a nationwide challenge that puts your creativity and emergency food supply to the test.

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for April 1, 2013 - Be Prepared
Do you have flood insurance? Call an insurance agent to ask about flood insurance.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for March 29, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Solving a Communication Gap with Partners in Preparedness
The New York City Office of Emergency Management (OEM) has instituted the Partners in Preparedness program designed to help organizations in the New York City metro area better prepare their employees, services, and facilities and develop a trusted communication system before disaster strikes.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: March 11 - March 25, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for March 25, 2013

NEW: Emergency Health & Safety Tip for March 25, 2013 - Prepare for Tsunamis
Do you live in a tsunami warning zone? The National Weather Service has resources to help you prepare for tsunamis and for your community to become TsunamiReady. Learn more during National Tsunami Awareness Week.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for March 22, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for March 15, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: February 25 - March 11, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for March 11, 2013

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Advancing a City's Resilience, One Neighborhood at a Time
This San Francisco neighborhood is working to build community resilience, preparing itself to be able to respond to any disaster or unexpected situation.

Upcoming CDC Clinical Call: Outbreak of Fungal Meningitis and Other Infections: Wednesday, March 13, 2013 - 5pm (ET)
"Save the date! Wednesday March 13 at 5pm ET. CDC has released updated recommendations for clinical management of patients involved in the outbreak of fungal meningitis and other infections. Join CDC expert Dr. Tom Chiller and Dr. Anu Malani from St. Joseph's Mercy Medical Center in Michigan to learn more about these new recommendations and ask questions of the leading experts. Additional details about the call can be found on CDC's website"

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for March 8, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We are closer than ever to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #343
Notice to Health Care Providers: Updated Guidelines for Evaluation of Severe Respiratory Illness Associated with a Novel Coronavirus

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Do 1 Thing March: Sheltering
Coinciding with National Severe Weather Preparedness Week, the Do 1 Thing topic for March is "sheltering." What threats impact your area? Are you ready to take shelter in an emergency?

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #342
Notice to Clinicians: Continued Vigilance Urged for Fungal Infections among Patients Who Received Contaminated Steroid Injections

UPDATED: Communicating in the First Hours and Primeras Horas Have Been Refreshed
The popular Web resource, Communicating in the First Hours, and its Spanish counterpart, Primeras Horas [http://emergency.cdc.gov/es/primerashoras/index.asp], have been significantly refreshed.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for March 1, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of 2012. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: February 11 - February 25, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for February 25, 2013

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Memories of Superstorm Sandy
Find out what a Long Island couple learned about preparedness thanks to Hurricane Sandy.

NEW: Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip for Feb. 25, 2013 - Do you Have Questions about Winter Weather?
Visit our winter weather FAQs to learn about hypothermia, frostbite, wind chill and more.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for February 22, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of 2012. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Do 1 Thing February: Water
Water is an essential element to survival and a necessary item in an emergency supplies kit. This February, we tackled "water" as part of the Do 1 Thing program, taking small steps to be prepared for an emergency.

NEW: Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip for Feb. 19, 2013 - Returning Home After a Winter Storm?
Follow these tips to stay safe while cleaning up after a disaster.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for February 15, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of 2012. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - From the Field: The New England Blizzard of 2013
A field assignee from CDC's Division of State and Local Readiness, John Peterson, gives an inside look at how many ways public health was impacted by the New England blizzard last weekend.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: January 28 - February 11, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for February 11, 2013

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #341
New Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Warrant Additional Action by Healthcare Providers

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Public Art with Preparedness at Heart: The Evacuspot
What's an Evacuspot? Post-Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans enacted the City Assisted Evacuation Plan that designated 17 neighborhood pick-up points across the city. Find out how the Evacuteers are working to make these pick-up points more visible and memorable for the citizens of New Orleans.

Upcoming COCA Call for Feb 12, 2013
Upcoming COCA Call for Feb 12, 2013: Emergency Preparedness: Understanding Physicians' Concerns and Readiness to Respond

NEW: Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip for Feb. 11, 2013 - Avoid Electrocution Risks
When using gasoline and diesel generators to supply power to a building, switch the main breaker or fuse on the service panel to the "off" position before starting the generator.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Over 2.7 Million to Participate in the Great Central U.S. ShakeOut
Over 2.7 million people are expected to participate in the Great Central U.S. Shakeout this Thursday, February 7 at 10:15 AM (CST). Join communities throughout Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee who will participate in this event. Find out more about this great opportunity to practice earthquake safety.

NEW: Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip for Feb. 4, 2013 - Avoid Frostbite
Dress for the weather, especially if you have poor circulation.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for February 1, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of 2012. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Extreme Weather, Extreme Outbreaks, and Extreme Science-based Preparedness and Response
Have you stumbled upon "Doomsday Preppers" on the National Geographic Channel? While the scenarios profiled on "Doomsday Preppers" are extreme, there are actual disasters that are much more likely to occur and for which personal preparedness is essential.

Upcoming COCA Webinar: Evaluating and Responding to Chemical Emergencies: The Role of Poison Control Centers and Public Health Labs: Thursday, January 31, 2013 - 2:00 PM (ET)
Chemical emergencies have the potential to cause widespread death and illness. Both CDC and Poison Control Centers play important roles in helping define the public health response to chemical emergencies, by providing rapid detection and accurate identification of chemical agents, toxicology information, education programs, and assistance with medical management of exposures. During this COCA call, subject matter experts will discuss biomedical testing for chemical agents, state level poison control center practices, and clinical resources for chemical emergencies. Earn free continuing education. Dial in Number: 1-888-790-6180, Passcode: 1281914

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #340
Recommendations for Drug Allocation, Tuberculosis Prevention, and Patient Care During Isoniazid Shortages

NEW: Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip for Jan. 28, 2013 - Learn How to Recognize Hypothermia
Did you know that hypothermia can occur even at cool temperatures above 40 degrees farenheit if a person becomes chilled?

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for January 25, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of 2012. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Be Ready! Winter Weather Infographic
Be Ready! Winter Weather Infographic

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Extreme Weather, Extreme Outbreaks, and Extreme Science-based Preparedness and Response
In the wake of Hurricane Sandy, the news media has increased discussion and debate about what needs to be done in the future to better prepare our country for emergencies. Whether it's another superstorm or the next H1N1, disasters are inevitable.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Special Needs and Tornadoes: A Joplin Story
It's been almost two years since a devastating tornado ripped through the town of Joplin, Missouri, and the community continues to rebuild. Earlier this month, we had the opportunity to visit Joplin to learn more about The Independent Living Center -Joplin (TILC), one of seven programs chosen as a promising example of FEMA's Whole Community Approach to emergency management.

NEW: Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip for Jan. 22, 2013 - Make Arrangements for Your Pets During Winter Weather
If you cannot bring pets inside, provide adequate shelter to keep them warm and make sure that they have access to unfrozen water.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for January 18, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of 2012. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) - HAN #339 Notice to Clinicians: Summary of CDC Recommendations for Influenza Antiviral Medications
Health Concerns about Misuse of Pesticides for Bed Bug Control Notice to Clinicians: Summary of CDC Recommendations for Influenza Antiviral Medications

Upcoming CDC Webinar: Stopping Norovirus in its Tracks - What Every Clinician Should Know: Thursday, January 17, 2013 - 2:00 PM (ET)
Noroviruses are responsible for more than half of all reported outbreaks of gastroenteritis in the United States., and contribute to about 70,000 hospitalizations and 800 deaths each year. Clinicians have a critical role in the management and prevention of norovirus outbreaks. During this COCA call, a CDC subject matter expert will discuss the burden of norovirus outbreaks, review diagnostics and surveillance tools, and share resources to promote the prevention and control of norovirus infections. Earn free continuing education. Dial in Number: 1-888-790-6180, Passcode: 1281914

NEW: COCA Email Updates: December 31, 2012 - January 14, 2013
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for January 14, 2013.

NEW: Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip for Jan. 14, 2013 - Be Safe With Chainsaws
After a winter storm, you may have to remove fallen trees. If you use a chainsaw to cut them, be careful, chainsaws can be very dangerous. Follow the instructions in the manual to safely operate the chainsaw. Wear protective equipment and never cut above your waist.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for January 11, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of 2012. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Grand Rounds: People with Disabilities and Public Health
On December 18, 2012, CDC hosted a Public Health Grand Rounds promoting opportunities for the best quality of life for individuals with disabilities.

UPDATE: Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip for Jan. 7, 2013 - Avoid CO Poisoning
Always use portable generators, camp stoves, barbecue, and charcoal grills outside and 20 feet away from windows, doors, and vents to prevent deadly CO poisoning.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for January 4, 2013
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of 2012. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Do 1 Thing in 2013
This year, make a resolution you can keep. Commit to improving your preparedness skills and resources for emergency situations. Start small. Focus on one topic area each month for the year.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: December 17 - December 31, 2012
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for December 31, 2012

UPDATE: Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip for Dec. 31, 2012 - Reach out with a Winter Weather E-card
Encourage your friends and family to get prepared for winter weather with an e-card. Include a personalized message urging them to stock up on emergency supplies.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for December 21, 2012
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of 2012. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) #338
Update: Multistate Outbreak of Fungal Infections among Persons Who Received Injections with Contaminated Medication

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Public Health Spotlight: Matt McDaniel
Meet Matt McDaniel, a public health hero devoted to making a healthier, more #prepared world. Matt has been recognized as an unsung hero of public health this year for his contribution to the readiness and response capabilities of the public health and healthcare sectors in the Greater Memphis, Tennessee area.

UPDATE: Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip for Dec. 17, 2012
The CDC Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip widget provides weekly tips to help you stay safe and healthy throughout the winter weather season. In addition to the weekly tips, the widget provides you important, timely tips whenever winter storms happen.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Dec 17, 2012.

NEW: COCA Email Updates: December 3 - 17, 2012
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) updates

NEW: 2012 Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip widget
The CDC Winter Weather Health & Safety Tip widget provides weekly tips to help you stay safe and healthy throughout the winter weather season. In addition to the weekly tips, the widget provides you important, timely tips whenever winter storms happen.

NEW: 2012 Winter Weather Health & Safety Tips - Prepare for Winter Weather
Make a list and check it twice! Download your winter weather checklist.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) - HAN #337 Update: Additional Contamination Identified in Medical Products from New England Compounding Center
Update: Additional Contamination Identified in Medical Products from New England Compounding Center

UPDATED: Winter Weather Web Site
Learn to prepare and be safe and healthy when winter weather or extreme cold arrives.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Project Wildfire: A Community Approach to Surviving Wildfires
Following two devastating wildfires that burned in Bend, Oregon in 1990 and again in 1996, the Fire Chief of Deschutes County, Oregon, Gary Marshall, received a phone call from Safeco Insurance offering to contribute to the purchase of new firefighting equipment. Marshall politely declined Safeco's offer because he had a more effective, long-term solution in mind that involved educating the public about the risks of wildfires.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Dec 3, 2012.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for November 30, 2012
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATED: What You Need to Know When the Power Goes Out Unexpectedly
Added important information about the dangers of gasoline siphoning.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) - HAN #336 Health Concerns about Misuse of Pesticides for Bed Bug Control
Health Concerns about Misuse of Pesticides for Bed Bug Control

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Dragon*Con 2012 - From a Noob Perspective
The CDC staff who attended Dragon*Con 2012 over Labor Day weekend, went not to indulge in the art of costume craftsmanship and con festivities, but to share some insight into the world of public health preparedness and showcase what we do 24/7/365 to save lives and safeguard communities from public health threats.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts for November 23, 2012
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Nov 26, 2012.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Be Prepared for All Natural Disasters
The 2012 Hurricane Season ends on November 30th. Take steps to be prepared for all natural disasters!

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) - Update: Multistate Outbreak of Fungal Meningitis and Other Infections Associated with Contaminated Steroid Medication
Update: Multistate Outbreak of Fungal Meningitis and Other Infections Associated with Contaminated Steroid Medication

NEW: COCA Email Updates: November 5 - November 19, 2012
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Updates for November 19, 2012

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Nov 19, 2012.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Stay Safe After a Disaster
Stay away from damaged buildings or structures until they have been examined and certified as safe by a building inspector or other government authority.

NEW: Children's Preparedness website
Parents, teachers, doctors and nurses are just some of the people who can help children get ready for and cope with disasters.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: How to Apply Your 5k Training to a Disease Outbreak
Casual observers may get the impression this is a public health response to an infectious disease outbreak, but it is not. The scenario is an annual 5 K run to raise funds to assist patients battling a tuberculosis infection

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Nov 14, 2012.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Clean Up and Prevent Mold Growth
After a hurricane, if the building is stable, open doors and windows to dry the building.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: Interim Immunization Recommendations for Individuals Displaced by a Disaster


UPDATE: Questions and Answers About Immunization Recommendations Following a Disaster


UPDATE: Rodent Control After a Disaster


UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Nov 7, 2012.

NEW: COCA Clinical Reminder: October 15, 2012
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Clinical Reminder: October 15, 2012

UPDATE: Clinician Guidance
Added new link to Medscape Commentary: Clinician Guidance for Fungal Meningitis

UPDATE: Patient Guidance - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
New links for information for patients.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Nov 5, 2012.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Nov 2, 2012.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) - CDC Disaster Epidemiology Resources for Hurricane Sandy Response


NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) - Contamination Identified in Additional Medical Products from New England Compounding Center


NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) - Voluntary Recall of All Ameridose Medical Products


UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Nov 1, 2012.

NEW: Laboratory Testing and Results from the Outbreak webpage
New Laboratory Testing and Results from the Outbreak webpage available for the Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak Investigation website

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Oct 31, 2012.

NEW: Public Service Announcements Related to Floods
View the collection of flood-related PSAs and Podcasts.

NEW: Receive Hurricane Sandy updates via Text or Social Media
Received important storm health updates.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Oct 30, 2012.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Oct 29, 2012.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Prevent Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Always use portable generators, camp stoves, barbecue and charcoal grills outside and away from windows, doors, and vents to prevent deadly CO poisoning.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Oct 27, 2012.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) - Cluster of Cases of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) Associated with Intravenous Nonmedical Use of Opana ER
Cluster of Cases of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) Associated with Intravenous Nonmedical Use of Opana ER

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Oct 26, 2012.

UPDATE: Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) website - Clinician Resources
Addition of links related to the Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak Investigation under Resources for Clinicians

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Oct 25, 2012.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Outbreak Investigation: Meningitis
CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are investigating fungal infections among patients who received epidural steroid injections (medication injected into the spine) with contaminated medication. CDC believes that approximately 14,000 patients may have been exposed to this medication.

UPDATE: Case Definitions for Meningitis and Septic Arthritis
Updated Case Definitions for Meningitis and Septic Arthritis

UPDATED: Definitions for Infections under Investigation in Patients Exposed to NECC Products Other than the 3 Contaminated Lots of Methylprednisolone Acetate
Infections under Investigation in Patients Exposed to NECC Products Other than the 3 Contaminated Lots of Methylprednisolone Acetate

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Oct 24, 2012.

NEW: Health Alert Network (HAN) - Issuance of Updated Guidance on Management of Asymptomatic Patients Who Received Epidural or Paraspinal Injections with Contaminated Steroid Products
Issuance of Updated Guidance on Management of Asymptomatic Patients Who Received Epidural or Paraspinal Injections with Contaminated Steroid Products

NEW: COCA Email Updates: October 8 - October 22, 2012
Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) updates

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Oct 23, 2012.

UPDATED: Interim Treatment Guidance for Central Nervous System (CNS) and Parameningeal Infections Associated with Injection of Contaminated Steroid Products
Outlined updated information and guidance.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Power Outages During a Hurricane
Make sure that you have a battery-powered or hand-cranked radio available to receive official instructions and updates from local authorities if the power goes out.

NEW: What Should Patients Do? - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Guidance for patients.

UPDATED: Frequently Asked Questions for Patients - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Frequently asked questions and answers for patients.

UPDATED: Current Situation - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Updated information regarding FDA Expanded Facilities List.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Oct 22, 2012.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Oct 21, 2012.

UPDATE: Clinician Guidance
Added Selected Publications section and links to photos and footage related to CDC's Digital Press Kit.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections for Oct 20, 2012.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: Clinician Guidance
Added an image of Cladosporium.

UPDATE: Case Counts - Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Cases with Fungal Infections Linked to Steroid Injections

UPDATE: Current Case Count - Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak
Updated case counts for October 19, 2012.

UPDATE: Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) October 16 Conference Call
Added conference call materials to the call webpage.

UPDATE: Clinician Guidance
Added images of Exserohilum and Aspergillus.

UPDATE: Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak: Healthcare Facilities
Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak: Healthcare Facilities

UPDATE: Current Situation - CDC Responds to Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
Current Situation - CDC Responds to Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak

UPDATE: Current Case Count - Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak
Updated case counts for October 18, 2012.

UPDATE: Current Case Count - Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak
Updated case counts for October 17, 2012.

UPDATE: Case Definitions for Meningitis and Septic Arthritis
Case Definitions for Meningitis and Septic Arthritis

NEW: Diagnostic Testing for Septic Arthritis and Specimen Submission to CDC - Outbreak Associated with Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products
Diagnostic Testing for Septic Arthritis and Specimen Submission to CDC - Outbreak Associated with Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products

UPDATE: Clinician Guidance - added link to FDA Statement on Fungal Meningitis Outbreak and Advice to Physicians
Added a link to FDA Statement on Fungal Meningitis Outbreak and Advice to Physicians

UPDATE: Current Case Count - Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak
Updated case counts for October 16, 2012.

UPDATE: What Should Physicians Be Doing?
Added a link to FDA Statement on Fungal Meningitis Outbreak and Advice to Physicians

Update: Interim Treatment Guidance for Central Nervous System (CNS) and/or Parameningeal Infections Associated with Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products
Added an additional link for FDA information on Voriconazole IV availability in the "For additional information on antifungal drugs" section

UPDATE: Current Situation - Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak
Updated Current Situation.

UPDATE: Clinician Guidance - Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
Clinician Guidance has been updated.

UPDATED: Frequently Asked Questions for Clinicians
UPDATED: Frequently Asked Questions for Clinicians

NEW: Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak Investigation Update: Information and Guidance for Clinicians
Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak Investigation Update: Information and Guidance for Clinicians

UPDATE: Current Case Count - Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak
Updated case counts for October 15, 2012.

NEW: What Should Physicians Be Doing?
NEW: What Should Physicians Be Doing?

UPDATED: Frequently Asked Questions for Clinicians
UPDATED: Frequently Asked Questions for Clinicians

UPDATED: Role of Antifungal Prophylaxis in Asymptomatic Patients
UPDATED: Role of Antifungal Prophylaxis in Asymptomatic Patients

NEW: Interim Guidance for Management of Asymptomatic Persons Exposed to Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products
NEW: Interim Guidance for Management of Asymptomatic Persons Exposed to Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products

NEW: Interim Treatment Guidance for Central Nervous System (CNS) and/or Parameningeal Infections Associated with Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products
NEW: Interim Treatment Guidance for Central Nervous System (CNS) and/or Parameningeal Infections Associated with Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products

NEW: Interim Treatment Options for Septic Arthritis Associated With Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products
NEW: Interim Treatment Options for Septic Arthritis Associated With Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products

UPDATED: Instructions for Clinicians Regarding Diagnostic Testing and Specimen Shipping for Central Nervous System and Parameningeal Infections
UPDATED: Instructions for Clinicians Regarding Diagnostic Testing and Specimen Shipping for Central Nervous System and Parameningeal Infections

UPDATE: Current Case Count - Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak
Updated case counts for October 14, 2012.

UPDATE: Current Case Count - Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak
Updated case counts for October 13, 2012.

UPDATE: New Digital Press Kit to Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation Home Page
Added new Digital Press Kit to Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation home page.

UPDATE: Case Definitions for Meningitis and Septic Arthritis
Updated case definition information.

UPDATE: Current Case Count - Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak
Updated case counts for October 12, 2012.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: The Early Years of Life Set the Stage for Life-long Mental Health
Half of all lifetime cases of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders begin by age 14 and three-quarters by age 24 (Kessler, 2005; IOM, 2009). Intervening early at the individual, family and community level can delay or prevent the on-set of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders (IOM 2009).

UPDATE: Current Situation - Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
Updated Current Situation bullets.

UPDATE: Instructions for Clinical Teams Regarding Diagnostic Testing and Specimen Submission to CDC - Outbreak Associated With Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products
Instructions for Clinical Teams Regarding Diagnostic Testing and Specimen Submission to CDC - Outbreak Associated With Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products

UPDATE: Current Case Count - Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak
Updated case counts for October 11, 2012.

UPDATE: Current Situation - Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
Updated Current Situation bullets.

UPDATE: Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
Added image of Exserohilum rostratum.

UPDATE: Current Case Count - Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak
Updated case counts for October 10, 2012.

UPDATE: Case Definitions for Meningitis and Septic Arthritis
Updated case definition information.

UPDATE: Frequently Asked Questions For Patients: Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
Updated with additional questions and answers.

NEW: Spanish version of Frequently Asked Questions For Patients: Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
Added a Spanish version of Frequently Asked Questions For Patients: Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation.

NEW: Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) Email Update
COCA Email Updates: September 24 - October 8, 2012

UPDATE: Role of Antifungal Prophylaxis in Asymptomatic Patients
At this time, CDC does not recommend initiation of antifungal prophylaxis in exposed patients who are asymptomatic. These patients should be closely monitored for development of symptoms, with a low threshold for performing lumbar puncture should the patient become symptomatic. In addition, CDC does not recommend empiric antifungal therapy for symptomatic patients who have normal cerebrospinal fluid laboratory examination. These patients should be closely monitored and re-evaluated should their symptoms. Should the patient have progression of symptoms, a lumbar puncture should be repeated immediately.

UPDATE: Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
Related links for specific audiences were added to the Meningitis Outbreak Investigation home page.

Upcoming COCA Call - Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation: Information and Guidance for Clinicians (OCT 10) 2:00 - 3:00pm EST
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) continue to work closely with state public health departments on a multistate investigation of fungal meningitis among patients who received an epidural steroid injection. These cases are associated with a potentially contaminated steroid medication prepared by New England Compounding Center (NECC), located in Framingham, Mass. During this COCA Call, CDC subject matter experts will review current epidemiology of the outbreak, describe clinical presentation and features of fungal meningitis, and review CDC's recommended treatment guidance.

UPDATE: Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
Current Situation section has been updated.

UPDATE: Clinician Guidance - Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
Clinician Guidance has been updated.

UPDATE: Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) website - Clinician Resources
Addition of new link to CDC Health Alert Network (HAN) - Multistate Outbreak of Meningitis and Stroke Associated with Potentially Contaminated Steroid Medication

UPDATE: Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak - Current Case Count
Persons with Meningitis Linked to Epidural Steroid Injections, by State

UPDATE: Role of Antifungal Prophylaxis in Asymptomatic Patients
At this time, CDC does not recommend initiation of antifungal prophylaxis in exposed patients who are asymptomatic. These patients should be closely monitored for development of symptoms, with a low threshold for performing lumbar puncture should the patient become symptomatic. In addition, CDC does not recommend empiric antifungal therapy for symptomatic patients who have normal cerebrospinal fluid laboratory examination. These patients should be closely monitored and re-evaluated should their symptoms worsen.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Securing Your Home During A Hurricane
Make plans in advance to secure your home. Protect your windows by installing hurricane shutters or board up windows with plywood.

UPDATE: Map of Healthcare Facilities which Received Three Lots of Methylprednisolone Acetate (PF) Recalled from New England Compounding Center on September 26, 2012
Added the following information: All vials of Methylprednisolone Acetate that were sent to Nevada were recalled prior to use.

New: CDC Health Alert Network (HAN) - Multistate Outbreak of Meningitis and Stroke Associated with Potentially Contaminated Steroid Medication
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) continue to work closely with state public health departments on a multistate investigation of fungal meningitis among patients who received an epidural steroid injection. Some of these patients also suffered strokes that may have resulted from their infection. These cases are associated with a potentially contaminated steroid medication prepared by New England Compounding Center (NECC), located in Framingham, Mass. This HAN notice provides updated information about the investigation (including a change in the case definition*), laboratory findings, an expanded voluntary recall of products, and recommendations for clinicians.

UPDATE: Instructions for Clinical Teams Regarding Diagnostic Testing and Specimen Submission to CDC - Outbreak Associated With Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products
Instructions for Clinical Teams Regarding Diagnostic Testing and Specimen Submission to CDC - utbreak Associated With Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products

NEW: Frequently Asked Questions for Patients
FAQs for Patients: Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation

UPDATE: Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
CDC is coordinating a multistate investigation of meningitis among patients who received epidural steroid injections (medication injected into the spine). Several of these patients have had strokes related to the meningitis. In several patients, the meningitis was found to be caused by a fungus that is common in the environment but rarely causes meningitis. This form of meningitis is not contagious. The source of the fungus has not yet been identified, and the cause of infections in the other patients is still being assessed.

UPDATE: Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak - Current Case Count
Persons with Meningitis Linked to Epidural Steroid Injections, by State

NEW: Case Definitions: Multistate Outbreak Associated with Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products
Case Definitions: Multistate Outbreak Associated with Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products

NEW: Frequently Asked Questions: Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
Frequently Asked Questions: Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation

NEW: Instructions for Clinical Teams Regarding Diagnostic Testing and Specimen Submission to CDC - Outbreak Associated With Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products
Instructions for Clinical Teams Regarding Diagnostic Testing and Specimen Submission to CDC - Outbreak Associated With Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products

NEW: Lumbar Puncture in Asymptomatic Patients
Lumbar Puncture in Asymptomatic Patients

NEW: Role of Antifungal Prophylaxis in Asymptomatic Patients
Role of Antifungal Prophylaxis in Asymptomatic Patients

NEW: Interim Treatment Guidance for Central Nervous System and/or Parameningeal Infections Associated with Injection of Potentially Contaminated Steroid Products
The pathogens involved in this cluster of infections are still under investigation. At present, there is culture and/or histopathologic evidence of fungal infection in at least nine patients; isolates have included Aspergillus spp. and Exserohilum spp.

UPDATE: Multi-State Meningitis Outbreak - Current Case Count
Persons with Meningitis Linked to Epidural Steroid Injections, by State

NEW: Map of Healthcare Facilities which Received Lots of Methylprednisolone Acetate (PF) Recalled from New England Compounding Center on September 26, 2012
List of Healthcare Facilities which Received Lots of Methylprednisolone Acetate (PF) Recalled from New England Compounding Center on September 26, 2012

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

UPDATE: Multistate Meningitis Outbreak Investigation
CDC is coordinating a multistate investigation of meningitis among patients who received epidural steroid injections (medication injected into the spine). Several of these patients have had strokes related to the meningitis. In several patients, the meningitis was found to be caused by a fungus that is common in the environment but rarely causes meningitis. This form of meningitis is not contagious. The source of the fungus has not yet been identified, and the cause of infections in the other patients is still being assessed.

New: CDC Health Alert Network (HAN) - Meningitis and Stroke Associated with Potentially Contaminated Product
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are coordinating a multi-state investigation of fungal meningitis among patients who received an epidural steroid injection. Several of these patients also suffered strokes that are believed to have resulted from their infection. As of October 4, 2012, five deaths have been reported. Fungal meningitis is not transmitted from person to person. These cases are associated with a potentially contaminated medication. Investigation into the exact source is ongoing; however, interim data show that all infected patients received injection with preservative-free methylprednisolone acetate (80mg/ml) prepared by New England Compounding Center, located in Framingham, MA.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Inventory Your First Aid Kit
Have you used any 1st Aid supplies this hurricane season? Make sure you have essential first aid items such as bandages, antibiotic ointment, scissors, etc.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: National Preparedness Month: A Spotlight on Children
Children are not just small adults; their growing minds and bodies have unique physical, physiological, developmental and mental health needs. These differences become especially apparent - and warrant increased attention and care - before, during and after a disaster strikes.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Disease Detection: Laboratories on the front lines
You can't respond to threats if you don't know what they are, which is one reason that laboratories play such an important role in public health. Public health laboratories have helped detect all kinds of threats to the public's health; including anthrax, monkey pox, novel flu viruses, and foodborne disease outbreaks caused by germs like listeria.

Upcoming COCA Call - Influenza Prevention and Control for Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needs (SEP 27) 2:00 - 3:00pm EST
Children with underlying medical conditions, to include neurological disorders, are at higher risk for influenza-associated complications. During the 2009-2010 Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic, children with neurological disorders experienced a greater burden of morbidity and mortality. Influenza prevention and control strategies in this at-risk population should include coordinated care among clinicians and the children's families. During this COCA call, subject matter experts will discuss subspecialist and primary care pediatrician collaborations regarding influenza prevention and control strategies for improving care for high-risk children.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Emergency Food Supplies
Know what kinds of foods are better to keep in your emergency food supply.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Volunteering Throughout the Disaster Cycle: Insights from the Medical Reserve Corps
One of the strongest threads woven into the fabric of American culture is that of volunteer service. When someone is in need, we ask what can be done to help. This is never more evident than during a time of disaster.

Upcoming COCA Call - Principles of Planning for Disaster Risk Reduction (SEP 18) 2:00 - 3:00pm EST
Public health emergencies often evolve rapidly and become too complex for effective improvisation; therefore, an effective response requires planning in advance of the event. Effective planning strategies should include Disaster Risk Reduction tactics to mitigate the health impact of disasters. CDC is working in partnership with the Medical Reserve Corps to provide public health, medical and other volunteers with an accurate understanding of the principles of Disaster Risk Reduction. These principles will assist volunteers to make decisions that support building community public health resiliency. Please join us for this COCA call where a subject matter expert will discuss the principles for effective, efficient and orderly processes for disaster planning.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Is Your Family Ready?
Planning for emergencies is important, especially since your family may not be together when disaster hits. Make sure to involve your children in the planning process, when you include children they're more likely to remember the plan and act on it.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Sanitizing After an Emergency
Cleaning and sanitizing your home after a hurricane or emergency is important to help prevent the spread of illness and disease.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Emergencies and the Elderly: taking care of older adults during a disaster
September is National Preparedness Month, and during this time we encourage you to talk to your elderly neighbors and family members to make sure they have a plan in case of an emergency, big or small.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips -Food & Water Supply During an Emergency
Be prepared and have at least a 3 day supply of nonperishable food and clean drinking water.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

New: CDC Health Alert Network (HAN) - Notice to Health Care Providers: Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Cases Associated with Staying in Yosemite National Park, California
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with the National Park Service and the California Department of Public Health on an investigation of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in people who stayed at Yosemite National Park during June through August 2012. The purpose of this HAN Advisory is to inform state health departments and health care providers to be alert to the possibility of HPS in patients who may have had recent exposure to rodents or a history of travel to Yosemite National Park during this period.

Upcoming COCA Call - West Nile Virus: Information and Guidance for Clinicians (AUG 30) 2:00 - 3:00pm EST
Since 1999, more than 30,000 people in the United States have been reported with West Nile virus disease. Outbreaks occur each summer however, this year, some areas of the country are experiencing earlier and greater activity. People over 50 years of age and those with certain medical conditions, such as cancer, diabetes, hypertension, kidney disease, and solid-organ transplants, are at greater risk for serious illness if they are infected. Understanding the epidemiology and clinical features of West Nile virus disease is valuable for clinicians. Join us for this COCA call where a subject matter expert will review epidemiology, modes of transmission, clinical features, appropriate use of diagnostics, and treatment and prevention options for West Nile virus infections.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Tune In For Local Information
Follow the advice of state & local authorities when a hurricane watch or warning is issued. Tune in to the radio or television for hurricane and evacuation information about your area.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: The Hidden Dangers of Getting Inked
The practice of tattooing has been around for thousands of years. These days, 21% of adults in the United States report having at least one piece of permanent artwork on their bodies.One question few people may consider, however, is "What exactly went into that ink you're about to inject into my skin?"

Upcoming COCA Call - Community-based Disaster Risk Reduction (AUG 21) 2:00 - 3:00pm EST
The overall approach to emergencies and disasters has recently shifted from post-impact activities to a more systematic and comprehensive process of risk management. Disaster risk management underlying goal is to reduce risk to both human life and systems important to livelihood, and includes both pre-impact disaster risk reduction and post-impact humanitarian and development action. During this call, a CDC subject matter expert will discuss the importance of disaster risk reduction for reducing adverse health effects of disasters and how application of the basic tenets of preventive medicine and public health can result in a more humane and cost-effective approach to emergency management. Participate by Phone: 1-800-619-2685 / Passcode: COCA and join us online.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Prevent Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Always use portable generators, camp stoves, barbecue and charcoal grills outside and away from windows, doors, and vents to prevent deadly CO poisoning.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: West Nile Virus: Recent Surge in Cases Sparks Concern in Texas
West Nile virus season is off to an early start this year, which doesn't bode well for what's to come. Most West Nile virus exposures in the United States occur from July through October, with a peak during the first two weeks of August.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - When in Doubt, Throw it Out!
Throw away food that may have come in contact with flood or hurricane water. Learn other signs to look for to know whether food is safe.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Getting Prepared, the College Years
Twelve years of school, countless numbers of standardized test, a tassel, a diploma, and a college acceptance letter and you are fully prepared for college, or are you? We've put together a few helpful tips on how to get ready for college.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Returning Home After a Disaster
There are often many hazards in a hurricane-damaged home. Learn how to stay safe when it's time to return home.

New: CDC Health Alert Network (HAN) - Increase in Influenza A H3N2v Virus Infections in Three U.S. States
Multiple infections with variant* influenza A (H3N2v) viruses have been identified in 3 states in recent weeks. From July 12 through August 3, 2012, 16 cases of H3N2v were reported and confirmed by CDC. This virus was first detected in humans in July 2011. It has also been isolated in U.S.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Disaster Recovery - India in the Dark: A Call For Preparedness
Power outages and traffic jams are not unusual for India. But never before has half the country lost power all at once.

UPDATE: COCA Email Updates: July 16 - July 30, 2012
COCA Email Update: July 16 - July 30, 2012

NEW: COCA Conference Call - Methadone for Pain Management: The Clinician's Role in Reducing the Risk for Overdose, August 1, 2:00 to 3:00pm (EST)
Join us for this COCA call where subject matter experts will review the epidemiology of methadone overdoses in the United States and discuss guidelines for appropriate opioid prescribing.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Conduct A Hazard Inspection at Home
Check your home for hazards before an emergency. Know how to safely turn off water, electric, and gas if you need to.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Startling Facts You Should Know About Disaster Preparedness
A recent national poll by Adelphi University Center for Health Innovation surveyed 1,000 Americans about their personal preparedness behaviors and the results show that we're not ready.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Talk to Authorities Before A Hurricane Strikes
Be prepared, inform local authorities about your special needs before a hurricane strikes.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: COCA Partnerships - Association of Community Health Nursing Educators (ACHNE) is a new COCA Partner
The Association of Community Health Nursing Educators (ACHNE) provides a meeting ground for those committed to excellence in community and public health nursing education, research, and practice. ACHNE was established in 1978 and is run by elected volunteer leaders who guide the organization in providing networking through the quarterly newsletter and membership directory, and providing educational opportunities through publications and the annual Spring Institute. Learn more about ACHNE online.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Know Your Community's Emergency Plans
Before the hurricane comes, learn about your community's emergency plans, warning signals, evacuation routes, and locations of emergency shelters.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Disaster Recovery - An Emotional Response
The effects of a disaster are not always physical. Houses and roads can be rebuilt and physical wounds will heal, but the emotional scars from a disaster can often be harder to fix.

UPDATE: Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) Toolkit Update
The Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, Health Studies Branch (DEHHE/HSB) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed the Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) toolkit to assist personnel from any local, regional, state, or federal public health departments in conducting the CASPER during disaster.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Hurricane Preparedness: Make a Plan
By completing a disaster plan in advance, you can ensure that you and your family are prepared for hurricanes and other emergencies.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Prepare Your Car for Hurricane Season
Traveling this holiday? Now is a good time to make sure your car is ready for an emergency.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Make Arrangements for Your Pets During a Hurricane
Pet-friendly shelters or hotels may not be available during an emergency, so make alternate housing arrangements for your pets in advance.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Tune in for Local Information
During hurricane season, tune in to the radio or television for hurricane information about your area. Follow the advice of state & local authorities.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Pertussis: A known villain. Are you protected?
If you've been reading the news the past few weeks, you may have heard about the recent outbreak of pertussis that has reached epidemic levels in Washington. Outbreaks reported in schools and communities as well as the beginning of summer camp season highlight the importance of public awareness. View the Pertussis Disease Villain's rap sheet to find out more about this public health nemesis.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Have a Plan to Evacuate
Plan ahead of time where you and your family will go if you have to evacuate. Know how to prepare your home and car before a hurricane arrives.

NEW: Multistate Outbreak of Shiga Toxin-producing Escherichia coli O145 Infections
CDC is collaborating with public health officials in multiple states to investigate a multistate outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli serogroup O145 (STEC O145) infections. A total of 14 persons infected with the outbreak strain of STEC O145 infection have been identified in 6 states.

UPDATE: CDC's Polio Eradication Efforts
The eradication of polio is an important priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of early 2012, the world is not on track to eradicate polio by the end of the year. Yet, we are closer than we have ever been to eradicating polio and it is critical that we take advantage of this opportunity.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Inventory Your Disaster Kit
Remember to check your emergency kit from last season. Make sure that you have everything you need. Replace expired items such as food and medicine.

NEW: 2012 Hurricane Health & Safety Tips - Are You Prepared for Hurricane Season?
The 2012 Hurricane Season starts June 1st. Are you ready?

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease: A Mother's Perspective
Summer isn't just the season for beach vacations and backyard BBQ's it's also the season for Hand Foot and Mouth Disease. Not sure what that is? Check out our latest blog post written by a mom with first-hand experience and tips on treating a toddler with HFMD.

UPDATE: The Laboratory Response Network - Presentation: Overview of LRN
The Laboratory Response Network is charged with the task of maintaining an integrated network of state and local public health, federal, military, and international laboratories that can respond to bioterrorism, chemical terrorism and other public health emergencies.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Zombies Turning 1: Zombie Nation
Last year CDC told you how to prepare for a zombie apocalypse (along with more realistic disasters like hurricanes and earthquakes), this year we're featuring zombie preparedness stories from across the nation.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Money Well Spent: Public Health Dollars Save Lives
This demonstrates how the funding CDC provides to states for public health preparedness and response is being used to protect the public's health every day. These dollars are an incredibly important way to connect the health care delivery system (e.g., hospitals and doctors offices) with public health and save on healthcare costs for everyone.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog: Testing...1,2,3: How Does CDC Respond to Anthrax?
This week, CDC's Division of Strategic National Stockpile is practicing how it would respond to the release of anthrax in multiple locations across the nation. Four states - North Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee and Kentucky - also are participating in this exercise so they, too, can test their abilities to respond.

New: Helmet and Tornado Statement
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention continues to recommend, as its highest priority recommendation, that people in the path of a tornado find a shelter or a tornado-safe room. The safest place in the home is the interior part of a basement. If possible, get under something sturdy such as a heavy table or workbench. If outdoors, lie down in a gully or ditch.

Public Health Matters Blog: Be a Force of Nature
This time last year, storms ripped through the central and southern United States spawning more than 300 tornadoes and claiming hundreds of lives. This year we observed National Severe Weather Preparedness Week in memory of these tragic events and to encourage everyone to learn what to do when severe weather strikes.

Public Health Matters Blog: Traveling to the Olympics this summer? Be careful what you bring back
With the 2012 Summer Olympics less than 100 days away, people around the world are preparing. Athletes are putting in their final weeks of training, London officials are getting the city ready for visitors, and spectators are making travel plans. In CDC's case, we're trying to make sure everyone's healthy for the big event.

Public Health Matters Blog: Meta-Leadership: Closing Preparedness Gaps to Safeguard America
One model approach for bringing communities together is the Meta-Leadership Summit for Preparedness. A "meta-leader" is a leader of leaders - someone who can mobilize people and organizations to collaborate in times of crisis.

Public Health Matters Blog: Creating and Strengthening Community-Based Disaster Coalitions
Located on the Gulf of Mexico in southwest Florida, Sarasota County is no stranger to extreme weather and natural disasters. But as Emergency Management Chief Ed McCrane says, "You don't have to be hit by a hurricane to be impacted by one."

Public Health Matters Blog: Vaccines: Test Your Knowledge
Questions and answers about vaccines.

Update: The Laboratory Response Network
The Laboratory Response Network is charged with the task of maintaining an integrated network of state and local public health, federal, military, and international laboratories that can respond to bioterrorism, chemical terrorism and other public health emergencies.

Emergency Preparedness for Older Adults
Information, tools, and resources to assist in multi-sector planning for older adults in all-hazard emergencies.

Public Health Matters Blog: Run for Your Lives
I joined 2500 runners, 500 zombies and many more spectators at the Run for Your Lives race held just outside of Atlanta in Union Point, Georgia. Proceeds from the race went to the American Red Cross and CDC set up a booth where we had the opportunity to talk with other zombie enthusiasts about how preparing for a zombie apocalypse would help them prepare for any disaster.

New: Preparedness Resources for Schools
Schools and education agencies cannot prevent natural disasters or even many man-made crises, but they can prepare for and plan to respond to such emergencies. Resources are available to help schools, education agencies, and institutions of higher education develop such plans, usually in collaboration with public health and first responder agencies.

Tornadoes: Being Prepared
When there are thunderstorms in your area, turn on your radio or TV to get the latest emergency information from local authorities. Listen for announcements of a tornado watch or tornado warning.

New: Blast Preparedness and Response Training and Continuing Education
This course focuses on the effects of explosive events and provides the latest clinical information regarding blast-related injuries from terrorism. It was developed to compliment all hazards disaster response training programs and also serve as an independent training source for emergency responders and hospital staff.

Update: Blast and Bombing Injuries
In an instant, an explosion or blast can wreck havoc; producing numerous casualties with complex, technically challenging injuries not commonly seen after natural disasters such as floods or hurricanes.

Public Health Matters Blog: The Great Flood of 2011, Thailand: A Firsthand Account
Thailand has a tropical climate with monsoon rains that come every summer. In 2011, the rains were unusually heavy, with a sequence of typhoons sweeping across southeast Asia. Regions of Thailand are now experiencing the worst floods in over fifty years, as water immerses villages, farms, and factories.

New: CDC Health Alert Network (HAN) - CDC Recommendations for Influenza Antiviral Medications Remain Unchanged
A recent review of randomized clinical trial data for the influenza neuraminidase inhibitor antiviral medications, and two related commentaries, raised questions about the value of antiviral medications for the prevention and treatment of influenza. On February 7, 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) posted a "Have You Heard?" piece in response. The CDC response states "After careful consideration of all available evidence, CDC guidance on the use of antiviral medications remains unchanged." CDC continues to recommend the use of neuraminidase inhibitor antiviral drugs (oral oseltamivir and inhaled zanamivir) as an important adjunct in the prevention and treatment of influenza.

Public Health Matters Blog: HANDI - A Handy App for Public Health
Using commonly available mobile devices (e.g., iPhone, iPod touch), HANDI is a prime example of how we can use mobile technology in public health and emergency preparedness.

NEW: Winter Weather Cool Tip of the Week - Hypothermia
When exposed to cold temperatures, your body begins to lose heat faster than it can be produced. Prolonged exposure to cold will eventually use up your body's stored energy.

NEW: CDC Ramps up Support for Final Push in Global Polio Eradication Effort
On Wednesday, December 14, CDC Director Thomas R. Frieden, M.D., M.P.H., charged the entire CDC community to become active participants in an intensified strategy to eradicate polio, worldwide. CDC's Emergency Operations Center has been activated for the agency's partnership engagement through the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI). GPEI is committed to eradicating polio by the end of 2012.

NEW: CDC Situation Awareness - CDC Polio Response
Polio is a crippling and potentially fatal infectious disease. There is no cure, but there are safe and effective vaccines.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - New Year's Resolution: Be Ready
New Year's Resolution: Be Ready

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Real-life Contagion: Part 2
Ticket for Two - Real-life Contagion: Part 2 - by Tyler M. Sharp, PhD

NEW: Winter Weather Cool Tip of the Week - Protect Infants During the Winter
Infants less than one year old should never sleep in a cold room because they lose body heat more easily than adults. Unlike adults, infants are unable to make enough body heat by shivering.

NEW: CDC Polio website
Polio is a crippling and potentially fatal infectious disease. There is no cure, but there are safe and effective vaccines. Therefore, the strategy to eradicate polio is based on preventing infection by immunizing every child to stop transmission and ultimately make the world polio free.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Ticket for Two - International travel during pregnancy
Ticket for Two - International travel during pregnancy - by Stacie Dunkle

NEW: Winter Weather Cool Tip of the Week - Stay Warm This Winter
Shivering is an important first sign that the body is losing heat. Keep warm by dressing in wool, silk, or polypropylene inner layers - these fabrics hold in more body heat than cotton.

NEW: CDC Situation Awareness - Foodborne Outbreak Syndication
CDC Situation Awareness - Foodborne Outbreak Syndication

UPDATE: Tetanus Prevention After a Disaster
New message on the administering Tdap during pregnancy.

UPDATE: Hurricane Health and Safety Tip - 2011 Hurricane Season End
Be Prepared For All Natural Disasters

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Winter Weather Preparedness Means More than Just Grabbing Your Coat
Winter Weather Preparedness Means More than Just Grabbing Your Coat - by Ali S. Khan

UPDATE: Hurricane Health and Safety Tip - Chainsaw Safety After a Hurricane
Chainsaws can be very dangerous. Follow the instructions in the manual to safely operate the equipment. Wear protective equipment and never cut above your waist.

UPDATE: Hurricane Health and Safety Tip - Indoor Safety After a Hurricane
Always use portable generators, camp stoves, barbecue and charcoal grills outside and 25 feet away from windows, doors, and vents to prevent deadly CO poisoning.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Don't Feed The Animals
Don't Feed The Animals - by Ali S. Khan

UPDATE: Hurricane Health and Safety Tip - Power Outages During a Hurricane
Make sure that you have a battery-powered or hand-cranked radio available to receive official instructions and updates from local authorities if the power goes out.

UPDATE: Hurricane Health and Safety Tip - Securing Your Home During A Hurricane
Make plans in advance to secure your home. Protect your windows by installing storm shutters or board up windows with plywood.

UPDATE: CDC Earthquakes website
In MOST situations, you will reduce your chance of injury from falling objects (and even building collapse) if you immediately: Drop! Cover! Hold On!

UPDATE: Hurricane Health and Safety Tip - Clean up Supplies You Will Need After a Hurricane
Bring rubber boots, rubber gloves and goggles with you when you evacuate. They will protect you from contaminated flood waters when you return after the storm.

UPDATE: COCA Email Updates: September 12 - October 11, 2011
COCA Email Updates: September 12 - October 11, 2011

NEW: "Preparedness 101: Zombie Pandemic" Novella
CDC has a fun new way of teaching the importance of emergency preparedness. Our new graphic novel, "Preparedness 101: Zombie Pandemic" demonstrates the importance of being prepared in an entertaining way that people of all ages will enjoy. Readers follow Todd, Julie, and their dog Max as a strange new disease begins spreading, turning ordinary people into zombies.

UPDATE: Hurricane Health and Safety Tip - Learn How to Shut Off Utilities before a Hurricane Hits
If the power goes out, turn off major appliances to reduce power surge when electricity is restored.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Dragon*Khan
DragonKhan. - by Blog Administrator

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Wildfires: What YOU Need to Know.
Wildfires: What YOU Need to Know. - by Blog Administrator

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - A Time to Remember
A Time to Remember - by Captain Tracee Treadwell

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Ten Years Later, What's Changed?
Tornado Survivors Battle Deadly Fungus Outbreak - by Ali S. Khan

UPDATE: CDC Responds to Hurricane 2011 Season
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with state and local governments, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and other federal agencies to help communities recover from Hurricane Irene. Irene made U.S. landfall along the East Coast on Saturday, August 27 and continued to move northeast as a tropical storm.

UPDATE: Keep Food and Water Safe After a Disaster or Emergency
Food may not be safe to eat during and after an emergency. Safe water for drinking, cooking, and personal hygiene includes bottled, boiled, or treated water. Your state, local, or tribal health department can make specific recommendations for boiling or treating water in your area.

UPDATE: CDC Responds to Hurricane 2011 Season
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with state and local governments, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and other federal agencies to help communities recover from Hurricane Irene. Irene made U.S. landfall along the East Coast on Saturday, August 27 and continued to move northeast as a tropical storm.

NEW: CDC Responds to Hurricane 2011 Season
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with state and local governments, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and other federal agencies to help communities recover from Hurricane Irene. Irene made U.S. landfall along the East Coast on Saturday, August 27 and continued to move northeast as a tropical storm.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Tornado Survivors Battle Deadly Fungus Outbreak
Tornado Survivors Battle Deadly Fungus Outbreak - by Ali S. Khan

NEW: Version 2.0 of Public Health Emergency Response Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Public Health Directors
All-hazards reference tool for health professionals who are responsible for initiating the public health response during the first 24 hours (i.e., the acute phase) of an emergency or disaster.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Borders, Budgets, and the Rising Risk of Disease
Borders, Budgets, and the Rising Risk of Disease - by Ali S. Khan

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - When Preparedness Hits Home
Vampire Diaries: When Preparedness Hits Home - by Cyndi Rilling

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Vampire Diaries: Getting Back to My Roots Through a Deadly Outbreak
Vampire Diaries: Getting Back to My Roots Through a Deadly Outbreak - by Lizette Durand

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog - Killer Strain: Anthrax
Killer Strain: Anthrax - by Ali S. Khan

First there were Zombies; then came Hurricanes!
With June 1st only days away, FEMA, CDC and the rest of the team are busy preparing for the upcoming hurricane season. And now that you’ve taken the necessary precautions to prepare for a zombie apocalypse, you can take steps to prepare for hurricane season, too.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog post
Preparedness 101: Zombie Apocalypse - by Ali S. Khan

Facebook page for Emergency Preparedness and Response
The CDC has launched a new Facebook page for Emergency Preparedness and Response. This page will keep you informed about how to be prepared for public health emergencies and disasters and provide information needed to protect and save lives during an event. Become a fan today! “Like” the page on www.facebook.com/cdcemergency to receive updates, participate in future conversations, and more.

NEW: 12 New Japanese Translation Documents Are Now Available!
12 new documents on Radiation Health and Safety are now available in Japanese. Learn more about Radiation and Health at http://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/.

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Evacuation in a Radiation Emergency".
In the event of a radiation emergency, such as a nuclear power plant accident or the explosion of a radioactive dirty bomb, you may need to leave your home or the immediate area (evacuate).

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Food Safety After a Tsunami".
To prevent foodborne diseases, wash your hands with clean water and soap before and after you eat or prepare food and after you use the latrine or bathroom. If you do not have clean water, use waterless hand sanitizers until clean water is available for washing.

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Frequently Asked Questions about a Radiation Emergency".
What Is Radiation? How Can Exposure Occur? What Happens When People Are Exposed to Radiation? What Types of Terrorist Events Might Involve Radiation? and more.

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Measuring Radiation".
When scientists measure radiation, they use different terms depending on whether they are discussing radiation coming from a radioactive source, the radiation dose absorbed by a person, or the risk that a person will suffer health effects (biological risk) from exposure to radiation. This fact sheet explains some of the terminology used to discuss radiation measurement.

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Protecting Yourself and Your Family".
If a radiation emergency occurs, people can take actions to protect themselves, their loved ones, and their pets. Emergency workers and local officials are trained to respond to disaster situations and will provide specific actions to help keep people safe.

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Radiation Dictionary".
A - Z dictionary glossary.

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Radiation Emergencies" homepage.
Radiation Emergencies homepage.

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Radiation and Potassium Iodide (KI)".
This fact sheet from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) gives you some basic information about Radiation and Potassium Iodide (KI). It explains what you should think about before you or a family member takes KI.

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Radiation and Pregnancy: A Fact Sheet for the Public".
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has prepared this fact sheet to help you understand the possible health effects to your fetus from exposure to radiation.

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Radioactive Contamination and Radiation Exposure".
Radioactive contamination and radiation exposure could occur if radioactive materials are released into the environment as the result of an accident, an event in nature, or an act of terrorism. Such a release could expose people and contaminate their surroundings and personal property.

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Shelter-in-Place in a Radiation Emergency".
In the event of a radiation emergency, such as a nuclear power plant accident or the explosion of a dirty bomb, you may be asked to stay home and take shelter rather than try to evacuate. This action is called “sheltering in place.”

NEW: Japanese Translation of "Tsunamis: Sanitation and Hygiene".
It is critical for you to remember to practice basic hygiene during the emergency period. Always wash your hands with soap and water that has been boiled or disinfected. Warm water is best.

NEW: Frequently Asked Questions About Iodine-131 Found in Milk
Is it safe to drink milk? What are the levels that would start to affect my thyroid? How long will there be traces of iodine-131 from Japan in milk? and more.

NEW: CDC Social Media for 2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami


UPDATE: Frequently Asked Questions about a Radiation Emergency
What Is Radiation? How Can Exposure Occur? What Happens When People Are Exposed to Radiation? What Types of Terrorist Events Might Involve Radiation? What Preparations Can I Make for a Radiation Emergency? How Can I Protect Myself During a Radiation Emergency? Should I Take Potassium Iodide During a Radiation Emergency? and more.

UPDATE: Population Monitoring After a Release of Radioactive Material
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has prepared this fact sheet to help people understand how public health officials would monitor people following a radiological incident, and how this monitoring could be used to protect people’s health.

UPDATE: Radiation and Pregnancy: A Fact Sheet for the Public
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has prepared this fact sheet to help you understand the possible health effects to your fetus from exposure to radiation.

UPDATE: Shelter-in-Place in a Radiation Emergency
What Is Radiation? How Can Exposure Occur? What Happens When People Are Exposed to Radiation? In the event of a radiation emergency, such as a nuclear power plant accident or the explosion of a dirty bomb, you may be asked to stay home and take shelter rather than try to evacuate. This action is called “sheltering in place.”

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog post
The JIC Never Sleeps - by Clarice Conley

NEW: Spanish translation of "Acute Radiation Syndrome (ARS): A Fact Sheet for the Public".
Radiation sickness, known as acute radiation syndrome (ARS), is a serious illness that occurs when the entire body (or most of it) receives a high dose of radiation, usually over a short period of time. Many survivors of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs in the 1940s and many of the firefighters who first responded after the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident in 1986 became ill with ARS.

NEW: Spanish translation of "FACT SHEET: Prussian blue".
Prussian blue can remove certain radioactive materials from people’s bodies, but must be taken under the guidance of a doctor.

NEW: Spanish translation of "Frequently Asked Questions about a Radiation Emergency".
Answers to questions like: What is Radiation?, How Can Exposure Occur?, What Happens When People Are Exposed to Radiation?, What Types of Terrorist Events Might Involve Radiation?, and more.

NEW: Spanish translation of "Radiation and Potassium Iodide (KI)" for the 2011 Japan Earthquake/Tsunami.
This fact sheet from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) gives you some basic information about Radiation and Potassium Iodide (KI). It explains what you should think about before you or a family member takes KI.

NEW: CDC Situation Awareness Maps – 2011 Japan Earthquake
The Situation Awareness Section (SA) mission is to support CDC emergency response operations through strengthening public health information sharing between CDC, Federal, State, and local entities to monitor, collect, analyze, and develop critical information to support response actions and produce data, information, and geospatial information products supporting a User Definable Operating Picture (UDOP).

NEW: Radiation and Potassium Iodide (KI)
This fact sheet from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) gives you some basic information about Radiation and Potassium Iodide (KI). It explains what you should think about before you or a family member takes KI.

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog post
Haiti Cholera Response: Stories from the Field, Part 3 - by Molly McCollom

NEW: Community Fact Sheet: Volatile Organic Compounds and Your Health
Volatile Organic Compounds and Your Health Some people in the Gulf have had their blood tested for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) because they were worried about exposure to chemicals after the Gulf oil spill. CDC and ATSDR are working with Gulf residents and their doctors to help them understand what the results might mean

NEW:CDC/ATSDR Guidance on the Interpretation and Use of Blood Laboratory Analyses for Volatile Organic Compounds
CDC/ATSDR Guidance on the Interpretation and Use of Blood Laboratory Analyses for Volatile Organic Compounds

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog post
Battling Disease Outbreaks in the Big Apple - by Scott Harper

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog post
Haiti Cholera Response: Stories from the Field, Part 2 - by Araceli Rey

NEW: National Public Health Radio Network (NPHRN)
The National Public Health Radio Network (NPHRN) is a collaborative initiative between CDC's Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR) and the Division of Emergency Operations (DEO).

NEW: Public Health Matters Blog post
Haiti Cholera Response: Stories from the Field. Part 1 - by Emily McCormick

NEW: Cholera Confirmed in Haiti
An outbreak of cholera was confirmed in Haiti on October 21, 2010. Cholera had not been documented in Haiti for decades so cholera outbreaks were considered unlikely in Haiti immediately following the earthquake in January, 2010.

NEW: What's Coming Ashore from the Oil Spill
Fact sheet featuring information about what light crude oil does when it reaches shore.

NEW! CDC Releases New State-by-State Report on Public Health Preparedness
Newly released Public Health Preparedness: Strengthening the Nation's Emergency Response State by State (2010) Features national-level data and individual fact sheets on preparedness activities taking place in the 50 states and 4 localities supported by CDC's Public Health Emergency Preparedness cooperative agreement.

UPDATED: Gulf Oil Spill 2010 Health Surveillance
The Gulf Coast Oil Spill has the potential to affect human health in addition to the effects already seen on animal and marine life. CDC, along with the affected Gulf Coast states, has developed a plan to track the potential short-term health effects related to the oil spill in the affected communities.

NEW: CDC Response to the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill
CDC and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recognize the importance of responding to potential public health issues related to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico. CDC’s National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH) initiated the agency’s response on April 20th. CDC activated its Emergency Operations Center (EOC) on May 6th as part of the federal response to the environmental disaster.

UPDATED: CDC Responds to the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill
CDC and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recognize the importance of anticipating, monitoring and responding to any potential public health hazards that may affect human health. Currently, 282 CDC and ATSDR staff members are involved in the response, including 14 staff members who are deployed to Gulf Coast states.

NEW: Condensed Human Health Interim Clinical Guidance with Mental Health Guidance (PDF)
What Health Care Providers Should Know about Potential Health Hazards from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.

UPDATED: Gulf Oil Spill 2010 Health Surveillance
CDC, along with the affected Gulf Coast states, has developed a plan to track potential short-term health effects related to the oil spill. Surveillance systems track changes in the number and severity of illnesses and injuries in a population, alerting public health officials to trends that require further investigation.

NEW: Earthquake Audio, Video, and Multimedia Resources
CDC Earthquake PSAs and Podcasts provide timely messages about what you can do to protect yourself and your family from earthquakes.

UPDATED: CDC Responds to the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill
CDC and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recognize the importance of anticipating, monitoring and responding to any potential public health hazards that may affect human health. Currently, 384 CDC and ATSDR staff members are involved in the response, including 13 staff members who are deployed to Gulf Coast states.

NEW: Key Points - Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Human Health Interim Clinical Guidance
Key Points regarding health effects and risks of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.

NEW: Deep Water Horizon Oil Spill Human Health Interim Clinical Guidance
What Health Care Providers should know about potential health hazards from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.

NEW: Protecting Yourself After a Hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico
CDC is monitoring potential health threats or conditions across the five Gulf States that may arise as a result of human exposure to the oil spill. In the case of a hurricane or tropical depression in the Gulf of Mexico, here are quick facts that families can take to protect their health after the storm.

NEW: 2010 Gulf Oil Spill: Information for Parents fact sheet (Spanish)
The Gulf Oil Spill 2010: Information for Parents fact sheet has been translated into Spanish.

UPDATED: 2010 Gulf Oil Spill - Health Surveillance
CDC, along with the affected Gulf Coast states, has developed a plan to track potential short-term health effects related to the oil spill. Surveillance systems track changes in the number and severity of illnesses and injuries in a population, alerting public health officials to trends that require further investigation.

Fact Sheet for Pregnant Women
If you are pregnant or someone with infants or young children, find out how to plan for an emergency or disaster. This fact sheet will help you prepare for emergency birth, prepare for an emergency or disaster, evacuate, stay in a shelter or place other than your home, be prepared during and just after a disaster, and recover after a disaster.

Specific Emergencies Information for Pregnant Women
Emergencies can be a scary and stressful time, especially for pregnant women or women with infants or children. Though you may feel it is impossible to be ready for unexpected events, being prepared can help you avoid stress and put you in a better position to handle emergencies.

NEW: Information for Health Professionals - Seafood Safety Following the Gulf Oil Spill
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention letter to Gulf Coast states regarding seafood safety due to the Gulf Oil Spill.

NEW: Coping With a Disaster
New fact sheet featuring disaster mental health resources - including Mental Health Information for Individuals and Families, Physicians and First Responders and Relief Workers.

NEW: Gulf Oil Spill Information for Parents
Frequently asked questions as well as State and Federal links geared towards parents.

NEW PDF: Table of Chemical Constituents Commonly Found in Crude Oil
This information is for environmental exposures. These constituents are present to some degree in all crude oil. Different types of oil, like light sweet crude oil, have different levels of these chemicals. If reported data indicate specific public health risks, CDC will develop and publish recommended steps to stop or reduce exposure. Additional constituents may be added to this list as needed.

UPDATED: CDC Responds to the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill
CDC and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recognize the importance of anticipating, monitoring and responding to any potential public health hazards that may affect human health. Currently, 260 CDC and ATSDR staff members are involved in the response, including 20 staff members who are deployed to Gulf Coast states.

NEW: Interim Guidance for Protecting Deepwater Horizon Response Workers and Volunteers
The specific recommendations provided in this Interim Guidance focus on issues specific to the Deepwater Horizon Response and do not address issues common to all disaster response work activities.

UPDATED: CDC Responds to the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill
CDC and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recognize the importance of anticipating, monitoring and responding to any potential public health hazards that may affect human health. Currently, 242 CDC and ATSDR staff members are involved in the response, including 21 staff members who are deployed to Gulf Coast states.

UPDATED: CDC Responds to the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill
CDC and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recognize the importance of anticipating, monitoring and responding to any potential public health hazards that may affect human health. Updated content includes categories "Surveillance for Health Threats", "Worker Safety" and "Data Analysis".

NEW: 2010 Gulf Oil Spill - Health Surveillance
CDC, along with the affected Gulf Coast states, has developed a plan to track potential short-term health effects related to the oil spill. Surveillance systems track changes in the number and severity of illnesses and injuries in a population, alerting public health officials to trends that require further investigation.

UPDATE: 2010 Gulf Oil Spill - Health Surveillance
CDC, along with the affected Gulf Coast states, has developed a plan to track potential short-term health effects related to the oil spill. Surveillance systems track changes in the number and severity of illnesses and injuries in a population, alerting public health officials to trends that require further investigation.

UPDATE: CDC Responds to the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill
CDC and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recognize the importance of anticipating, monitoring and responding to any potential public health hazards that may affect human health.

NEW: Rabies: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Rabies: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

NEW: National Hurricane Preparedness Week 2010
Hurricane Preparedness Week is May 23 - 29.

NEW: Factsheet - What to Expect from the Oil Spill and How to Protect Your Health
People can be exposed to hazardous substances related to the spill by breathing them (air), by swallowing them (food, water), or by touching them (skin).

UPDATE: Diphtheria: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Diphtheria: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

2010 Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill
An explosion aboard the Deep Water Horizon sinks the drilling rig, causing oil to spill into the Gulf of Mexico.

UPDATE: Malaria: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Malaria: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

NEW: Iceland Volcano Erupts
The Eyjafjallajokull volcano erupts in Iceland creating floods in the area and producing high levels of volcanic ash prompting health concerns.

Funding Opportunity Announcement: Preparedness and Emergency Response Learning Centers (PERLC)
CDC's Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR) has published Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) #CDC-RFA-TP10-1001: Preparedness and Emergency Response Learning Centers (PERLC). U.S. accredited Schools of Public Health are eligible to apply. FAQ are linked from the Training home page.

NEW PDF: Coordinating Pediatric Medical Care During an Influenza Pandemic
Coordinating Pediatric Medical Care During an Influenza Pandemic

NEW PDF: Hospital 2009 H1N1 Pandemic Influenza Readiness Review Checklist
Hospital 2009 H1N1 Pandemic Influenza Readiness Review Checklist

NEW: Diphtheria: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Diphtheria: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

NEW: Leptospirosis: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Leptospirosis: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

NEW: Tetanus and Neonatal Tetanus: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Tetanus and Neonatal Tetanus: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

NEW: Tuberculosis: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Tuberculosis: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

NEW PDF: Pandemic Influenza Pediatric Office Plan Template
Product of a Pediatric Healthcare Response to Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Stakeholder Meeting

NEW: Acute Watery Diarrhea and Cholera: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Acute Watery Diarrhea and Cholera: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

NEW: Bloody Diarrhea (Dysentery): Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Bloody Diarrhea (Dysentery): Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

NEW: Dengue: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Dengue: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

NEW: Measles: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Measles: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

NEW: Meningococcal Disease: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Meningococcal Disease: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

NEW: Typhoid and Paratyphoid: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Typhoid and Paratyphoid: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

UPDATED: Malaria: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action
Malaria: Haiti Pre-decision Brief for Public Health Action

UPDATE: CDC Responds to the Haiti Earthquake
CDC is working with others in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), various branches of the U.S. military, and other federal and international agencies to help communities in Haiti recover from the powerful earthquake that struck the country on January 12, 2010. CDC's current response focuses on collaborating with national and international partners to meet urgent public health needs and establishing liaisons and coordination needed for successful, long range public health programs in response to the earthquake. As of February 23, 2010, 323 CDC staff are currently engaged in response activities, of these 23 CDC staff are deployed to Haiti and other response agencies.

UPDATED: Fact Sheet for Patients after Amputations or Other Surgeries
Added link to CDC Podcast "Take Care of Yourself After an Amputation or Other Surgery".

UPDATED: How can I take care of my new arm or leg?
Added link to CDC Podcast "Taking Care of Your New Arm or Leg After an Amputation".

PDF - General Resources
Haitian Creole

PDF - General Resources
French

PDF - Mental Health Info for the Public
Haitian Creole

PDF - Mental Health Info for the Public
French

PDF - Mental Health Info for Professionals
Haitian

PDF - Mental Health Info for Professionals
French

PDF - After An Earthquake
Haitian Creole

PDF - After An Earthquake
French

PDF - Mental health advisory for health professionals providing care for survivors of the 2010 Haitian earthquake
French

DOC - Mental health advisory for health professionals providing care for survivors of the 2010 Haitian earthquake
French

DOC - Mental health advisory for health professionals providing care for survivors of the 2010 Haitian earthquake
Espanol

PDF - Mental health advisory for health professionals providing care for survivors of the 2010 Haitian earthquake
Espanol

NEW: Fact Sheet for Patients after Amputations or Other Surgeries
Health information for amputees in Haiti on taking care of yourself after an amputation or other surgeries.

NEW: How can I take care of my new arm or leg?
Health information for amputees in Haiti on taking care of your new arm or leg after an amputation.

DOC - How can I take care of my new arm or leg?
French

PDF - How can I take care of my new arm or leg?
French

DOC - Fact Sheet for Patients after Amputations or Other Surgeries
French

PDF - Fact Sheet for Patients after Amputations or Other Surgeries
French

DOC - How can I take care of my new arm or leg?
Haitian Creole

PDF - How can I take care of my new arm or leg?
Haitian Creole

DOC - Fact Sheet for Patients after Amputations or Other Surgeries
Haitian Creole

PDF - Fact Sheet for Patients after Amputations or Other Surgeries
Haitian Creole

NEW: Haiti Earthquake Response - Mental Health Information for Professionals and the Public
This new page includes mental health information for the public (in French, Haitian-Creole and English); information for health professionals including the most recent mental health advisory for professionals providing care for earthquake survivors; coping resources for first-responders; and general information on accessing mental health services in the U.S. by state.

UPDATED: Earthquake Information for Clinicians
The "Interim Recommendations for Initial Domestic Medical Screening of Haitian Orphan Parolees" document, provides medical screening recommendations for diseases of public health importance in orphaned children entering the United States from Haiti under humanitarian parole status.

NEW: Emergency Wound Care after an Earthquake
This new page provides links that you can use for immediate action in regards to Emergency Wound Care after an Earthquake.

UPDATE: CDC Responds to the Haiti Earthquake
CDC is working with others in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), various branches of the U.S. military, and other federal and international agencies to help communities in Haiti recover from the powerful earthquake that struck the country on January 12, 2010. CDC's current response focuses on collaborating with national and international partners to meet urgent public health needs and establishing liaisons and coordination needed for successful, long range public health programs in response to the earthquake. As of January 30, 2010, 330 CDC staff are currently engaged in response activities, of these 24 CDC staff are deployed to Haiti and other response agencies.

NEW: Thermal Injuries
Updated information about thermal injuries including information on pre-hospital and hospital management and care.

UPDATE: CDC Responds to the Haiti Earthquake
CDC is working with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), various branches of the U.S. military, and other federal and international agencies to help communities in Haiti recover from the powerful earthquake that struck the country on January 12, 2010. CDC's current response focuses on collaborating with national and international partners to meet urgent public health needs and establishing liaisons and coordination needed for successful, long range public health programs in response to the earthquake. One hundred eighty-five CDC staff are currently involved in the response.

UPDATE: Fact Sheet: Landslides and Mudslides
Updated information about what causes landslides and debris flows and what you can do to protect yourself from the health threats that they cause.

NEW: Translated Earthquake Home Page (French)
Translations for French pages were added.

NEW: Translated Earthquake Home Page (Haitian Creole)
Translations for Haitian Creole pages were added.

UPDATE: CDC Responds to the Haiti Earthquake
CDC is working with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), various branches of the U.S. military, and other federal and international agencies to help communities in Haiti recover from the powerful earthquake that struck the country on January 12, 2010.

NEW: CDC Responds to the Haiti Earthquake
CDC is working with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), various branches of the U.S. military, and other federal and international agencies to help communities in Haiti recover from the powerful earthquake that struck the country on January 12, 2010.

UPDATED: Guidance for Relief Workers and Others Traveling to Haiti for Earthquake Response
This notice is to advise relief workers and other personnel traveling to Haiti to assist with the humanitarian response following the January 12 earthquake near Port-au-Prince. Conditions in the area remain hazardous, including extensive damage to buildings, roads, and other infrastructure.

UPDATED: Emergency Wound Management for Healthcare Professionals
These principles can assist with wound management and aid in the prevention of amputations. In the wake of a flood disaster resources are limited. Following these basic wound management steps can help prevent further medical problems.

NEW: Guidance for Relief Workers and Others Traveling to Haiti for Earthquake Response
This notice is to advise relief workers and other personnel traveling to Haiti to assist with the humanitarian response following the January 12 earthquake near Port-au-Prince. Conditions in the area remain hazardous, including extensive damage to buildings, roads, and other infrastructure.

NEW: Guidance for U.S. Residents in Haiti
The US Department of State has issued guidance to US residents in Haiti.

NEW: Public Health Issues and Priorities for the Haiti Earthquake
Based on previous experience with disasters in Haiti and earthquakes in other countries, CDC has a general understanding of what the public health needs will be in Haiti following the January 12th earthquake. The following projections and recommendations take into account Haiti's socio-economic and demographic situation, and the health of its people prior to the earthquake.

NEW: Travel Health Warning to Haiti
At this time, CDC recommends that U.S. travelers avoid all nonessential travel to Haiti.

UPDATED: After an Earthquake: Management of Crush Injuries & Crush Syndrome
Crush injury and crush syndrome may result from structural collapse during an earthquake. Crush injury is defined as compression of extremities or other parts of the body that causes muscle swelling and/or neurological disturbances in the affected areas of the body.

UPDATED: Health Recommendations for Relief Workers Responding to Disasters
This notice provides advice specific to the needs of relief workers responding to disasters internationally or domestically.

NEW: Q & A: Gastrointestinal (GI) Anthrax
New questions and answers on gastrointestinal (GI) anthrax

UPDATED: Q & A: Anthrax and Animal Hide Drums
More updated questions and answers on Anthrax and Animal Hide Drums

UPDATED: Q & A: Anthrax and Animal Hide Drums
Updated questions and answers for Anthrax and Animal Hide Drums. Know the facts. Stay safe!

MedCon:Pre-Event - A Tool to Estimate the Pre-Event Population at Risk of Medical Consequences in a Disaster
The MedCon:Pre-Event has been designed to estimate the baseline medical care requirements (i.e., the number of persons that would require medical care) of a displaced population following a disaster due to pre-existing medical conditions. Users of MedCon:PreEvent should note that the MedCon:Pre-Event has not been designed for estimating the medical care requirements due to direct impact of the event (e.g., injuries and illness) or additional medical care requirements resulting from the aggravation of the existing medical condition. The intended users of the MedCon:Pre-Event model are public health preparedness planners at local, state, and federal levels involved in addressing the large scale medical care requirements resulting from man-made and natural disasters.

VacStockpile: A Tool to Estimate the Potential Impacts for Stockpiling Vaccines for Vaccine-Preventable Diseases of Children
The VacStockpile has been designed to help planners and policy makers evaluate the potential health and cost impacts of stockpile decisions for each type of pediatric vaccine for an array of scenarios regarding possible vaccine shortages. The consequences of a vaccine shortage evaluated include potential doses of vaccine shortage, replenishment costs to replace stockpile doses that are used for shortages or discarded because of expiry of shelf life, and a number of potential health consequences (e.g., number of cases, hospitalizations and deaths) that may occur under various vaccine shortage scenarios. Although VacStockpile has been designed for use in the United States, it can be applied to other situations or locations where vaccine stockpiles are being maintained or considered.

Emergency Use Authorization Online Course
An EUA online course developed by the Food and Drug Administration and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to provide public health officials, emergency managers, or Strategic National Stockpile coordinators with an introduction to the Emergency Use Authorization of medical products.

New RSS Feed: CDC Hurricane Health and Safety Tips
Get weekly hurricane health and safety tips from CDC by RSS. In addition to the weekly tips, CDC will also provide you important, timely tips relevant to storms making landfall throughout the season. (These tips also available by email, mobile phone text message, and Twitter.)

National Hurricane Preparedness Week
Hurricane Preparedness Week is May 24-30. If you live in coastal areas at risk, CDC encourages you to begin preparing yourself for hurricane season. CDC and other agencies offer many resources to help you stay safe and healthy throughout the 2009 season from June 1 through November 30.

CDC Investigates Human Cases of Swine Flu
CDC is investigating human cases of swine flu in the United States. Keep up with updates on the investigation and find out what you can do to protect yourself from getting sick by visiting the CDC Swine Flu website.

Training Opportunity: Disaster Medicine 201: Post-Earthquake Medical Challenges in the New Madrid Seismic Zone
May 7-8, 2009, Memphis, TN. This class is a big-picture overview of medical issues related to the earthquake threat in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. It was developed through the cooperation of CUSEC and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The class is presented with the invaluable assistance of the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. The primary instructors are doctors with extensive backgrounds in emergency and disaster medicine. The class is intended for all medical personnel, including EMTs, paramedics, nurses, and doctors concerned with medical issues and operational concerns following an earthquake.

Information About the April 6 Earthquake in Central Italy
CDC has provided links on its Earthquake website to Red Cross, Red Crescent, and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) information about the April 6 earthquake in central Italy. CDC also encourages you to learn how you can take steps to protect your health and safety during and after an earthquake.

G-M Detectors Job Aid
A downloadable graphic illustration of the procedure for performing a radiological survey with a handheld Geiger Mueller detector.

New Public Service Announcements for the Floods
Flood PSAs for "Preventing Trench Foot or Immersion Foot" and "Identification and Treatment of Hypothermia Related to Exposure in Cold Water"

Cold Weather Flood Safety
During a flood and its aftermath, know how protect your personal health and safety. In winter and early spring, it is especially important to understand the health threats associated with exposure to cold weather and cold water.

Screening People for External Contamination: How to Use Hand-held Radiation Survey Equipment
An 18 minute skills training video that demonstrates how to screen people for external contamination using a hand held Geiger Mueller Detector. The program is designed for individuals assigned to conduct mass screening for contamination from radioactive materials following a large scale incident. The program may be used as pre-incident training or intra-incident just in time training. Supplementary training material on utilization of ion chambers and alpha scintillation detectors is provided

Reactions to Smallpox Vaccination: Guidance for Healthcare Professionals
Updated information on medications used to treat reactions to the smallpox vaccine.

Smallpox: An Overview for Clinicians
New updates on smallpox questions and answers, including infection control and isolation of smallpox patients, and infection control issues for vaccinated healthcare workers.

Smallpox Question and Answers: Vaccine Basics
New updates on smallpox vaccine questions and answers, including information on vaccination before and after exposure to smallpox, contraindications and screening, vaccination while pregnant or breastfeeding, and vaccine storage and distribution.

Key Findings -- Public Health Preparedness: Strengthening CDC's Emergency Response -- A CDC Report on Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response (TPER)-Funded Activities
Key findings from the CDC report, Public Health Preparedness: Strengthening CDC’s Emergency Response. The key findings summarize FY 2007 TPER-funded public health preparedness accomplishments and priorities as CDC continues to strive toward its preparedness goal.

Twitter Feed for CDC Emergency Preparedness and Response
Now you can follow emergency.CDC.gov on Twitter. The CDCemergency Twitter feed provides frequent updates related to both preparedness for future emergencies and response to current emergencies.

Send a Winter Weather Preparedness E-Card to Friends and Family
Send a message to encourage others to take steps to prepare for winter storms and protect themselves from cold-related problems such as frostbite and hypothermia.

Two New Emergency-Related RSS Feeds Available From CDC
CDC has just launched RSS feeds for two of the most popular sections of the emergency.CDC.gov website: 1) Recent Outbreaks and Incidents, which provides information on selected public health emergency topics of recent public interest, ranging from Salmonella outbreaks to hurricanes to terrorism, and 2) Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA), which reaches out to the nation's clinicians with weekly updates and monthly conference calls.

Preparedness Resources for Healthcare Facilities
This new webpage provides all-hazards resources intended for individuals at healthcare facilities tasked with ensuring that their facility is as prepared as possible for an emergency. The healthcare facilities targeted by this page include hospitals, long-term acute and chronic care facilities, outpatient clinics and urgent care facilities, physicians' offices, and pediatric offices and hospitals.

Protect Yourself and Your Family from the Dangers of a Volcanic Eruption
The level of seismic activity at Mount Redoubt Volcano, about 100 miles southwest of Anchorage, Alaska, has increased and an eruption is possible within days to weeks. Updated information on how to stay safe during and after a volcano eruption.

Anthrax Question and Answers: Vaccination
New updates on Anthrax Questions and Answers.

Public Health Preparedness: Strengthening CDC's Emergency Response -- A CDC Report on Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response (TPER)-Funded Activities
CDC's Coordinating Office for Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response (COTPER) has released its inaugural report on CDC activities in public health emergency preparedness. The report, Public Health Preparedness: Strengthening CDC's Emergency Response, explains the key role CDC plays in preparing the public health infrastructure to respond effectively to all types of hazards, and provides an overview of the broad range of preparedness activities receiving Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response (TPER) funding. CDC accomplishments in preparedness are described. The report also details how CDC is addressing challenges to achieve its overarching public health preparedness goal: People prepared for emerging health threats - people in all communities will be protected from infectious, occupational, environmental, and terrorist threats.

Search for Peanut Butter Product Recalls Related to Salmonella Outbreak
In order to make it easier for consumers to determine whether any of the peanut butter-containing products they have at home are subject to recall, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has created and posted an expanded, searchable database that will be updated as new information becomes available. For information on products containing peanut butter from companies not reporting recalls, consumers may wish to consult the company's website or call the toll-free number listed on most packaging. Please note that information consumers may receive from the companies has not been verified by FDA.

CDC Interim Guidance for Revaccination of Eligible Persons who Participated in the US Civilian Smallpox Preparedness and Response October 2008
The purpose of this document is to propose a recommendation for an appropriate time-interval for revaccination of public health and health care volunteers who were vaccinated as responders in the US Civilian Smallpox Preparedness and Response Program. This document addresses only the revaccination of public health and healthcare volunteers and does not address routine revaccination guidance for laboratory workers or primary vaccination of emergency responders.

Launch of 'SNAPS: Snap Shots of State Population Data'
CDC is pleased to announce the public launch of SNAPS: Snap Shots of State Population Data. SNAPS is a free service to the public that provides local-level community profile information nationwide. It can be browsed by county and state and searched by zip code. SNAPS serves as a valuable tool when responding to public health emergency events at the state, Tribal, and local levels. It provides a snap shot of key variables for consideration in guiding and tailoring health education and communication efforts to ensure diverse audiences receive critical public health messages that are accessible, understandable, and timely.

Medical Record Abstraction Form for Domestic Bombing Events
This one-page form allows public health personnel to quickly extract basic medical information from hospital and emergency medical services' records to advise officials on the immediate impact of the event and the potential need for special resources.

Our New Site!
Find out about the many improvements to CDC's Emergency Preparedness and Response Web site.

Severe Winter Weather: Learn How to Stay Warm and Safe
When winter temperatures drop significantly below normal, staying warm and safe can become a challenge. Extremely cold temperatures often accompany a winter storm. You may have to cope with power failures, icy roads, and other dangerous conditions.

California Wildfires: Protect Yourself and Others
Smoke from wildfires is a mixture of gases and fine particles from burning trees and other plant materials. Smoke can hurt your eyes, irritate your respiratory system, and worsen chronic heart and lung diseases. Know whether you are at risk and protect yourself.

FAQ: Melamine in Food Products Manufactured in China
News reports and the World Health Organization (WHO) state that tens of thousands of infants in China who consumed infant formula contaminated with melamine are suffering from urinary tract stones, kidney damage, and kidney failure.

CDC Responds to Hurricane Season 2008
Learn what you can do to be prepared before a hurricane, what to do during the storm, and how to stay safe in the aftermath.

Blast Injury Fact Sheets — seven new fact sheets added.
Fact sheets for health care providers on the treatment of blast injuries.

Recommendations to Protect Persons Wounded During Bombings and Other Mass Casualty Events
New recommendations were published jointly this week in CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWR) and the American Medical Association’s (AMA) Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness journal
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